I want to share another example of why I love researching the Black history of northeastern & eastern NC in terms of racial politics & civil rights. This story takes place post Civil War, just outside of the recognized era of Reconstruction (1863-1877). #nced #ncpol #EasternNC
In 1878, Mrs. John Simms, a Black woman in Wilson County, a couple of counties over from Halifax County, attacked her husband w/ a hickory stick b/c he failed to vote for the Black Republican candidate James Edward O'Hara & instead voted for the Democrat. #nced #ncpol #EasternNC
The biracial O'Hara is regarded as the first Black lawyer in NC, having studied law at @HowardU . He served two terms in @NCLeg (1868-1869) & two terms in Congress (1883-1887), as just the 2nd African American to represent NC in the legislative body. #nced #ncpol #EasternNC
O'Hara has a historical marker in Enfield, the oldest town in Halifax County. He practiced law there as well as published a newspaper called The Progress. #nced #ncpol #EasternNC
Mr. Simms only failed to vote for O'Hara b/c a group of White men attacked him while he was on his way to the polls, made him drink alcohol until he was drunk and made sure he voted for the Democratic candidate. National & local papers covered the story. #nced #ncpol #EasternNC
Mrs. Simms ended up being prosecuted for the attack on her husband. She was not only charged with assault & battery, but for infringing on her husband's 15th Amendment right (Black male suffrage was the 3rd & last of the Reconstruction Amendments). #nced #ncpol #EasternNC
We have female on male IPV, voter intimidation, & the prosecution of a Black wife who attacked her husband instead of a White mob to further the cause of White supremacy in NC 20 YEARS PRIOR to the White Supremacist Campaign of 1898. #nced #ncpol #EasternNC
The incident is documented in the book Intimate Partner Violence In New Orleans: Gender, Race, and Reform, 1840-1900 by Ashley Baggett

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More from @MrRDPierce

6 Sep
We live in a country where educators who teach the truth about its history are accused of teaching students to "hate their country." No, what we're doing is teaching them to critically think if the country has lived up to the ideals it espouses. #nced #ncpol
Never mind you that a fair portion of those accusers wouldn't set foot in a traditional public school classroom to teach, or are merely spewing conjecture. Additionally, they will question your credentials & the sources of your information. #nced #ncpol
They'll say what you're teaching is not in the state standards, which are written broadly to allow numerous topics to be taught. What they really don't want are educators who push back against the narrative of this republic that they've crafted for their children. #nced #ncpol
Read 4 tweets
16 Jul
Countywide LEAs & boards in four of the five NC counties with the lowest 2018 voter turnout rates (Cumberland, Hoke, Robeson, Halifax) are parties to the 25-year old Leandro lawsuit. Vance County, formed in 1881 to dilute Black voter strength, is the other. #nced #ncpol #Leandro
Halifax, where the suit was originally filed in 1994, actually had the highest turnout of the four counties at 44.8%. Cumberland was next at 42.7% while Robeson (41%) and Onslow (35%) followed. Vance turned out at 47.3%. #nced #ncpol #Leandro
Halifax was one of 3 NC counties (Jones, Pamlico) to see a decrease in the turnout rate of registered voters who voted. Due to Senate Bill 325 passed in the 2018 @NCLeg session, the county had only 1 early voting site compared to three in 2014 & 2016. #nced #ncpol #Leandro
Read 14 tweets
15 Mar
Yesterday, I came across an article from the @AbbevilleInst entitled ‘Was The South Poor Before the War?’ that erased notions of the antebellum region being an enclave of poverty compared to their counterparts throughout the rest of the Union, particularly in the North.
The South was more well-positioned economically than some would think. The late Lee Soltow, an economics professor at @ohiou & author of Men and Wealth in the United States, 1850-1870 used "spin samples" of the 1850, 1860 & 1870 censuses & published census data
to conclude:
The average free adult male in the South held virtually twice the wealth of his Northern counterpart.

59 percent of the nation’s men in the top 1 percent of wealth-holders in 1860 were Southerners.
Read 18 tweets
28 Feb
Black people make up 22 percent of NC's population. According to the data available, they are:

51% of the state's prison population (49% are Black men) (leads state) @NCPublicSafety

51% of the state's homeless population (leads state) @NCHomelessness #BlackInNC
@NCPublicSafety @NCHomelessness According to @prosperitynow:

45% of Blacks in NC own their homes (lowest percentage in the state)

Blacks are the least likely in NC to be able to afford their home, with an affordability rate of 4.7 to 1 (median housing value divided by median family income) #BlackInNC
@NCPublicSafety @NCHomelessness @prosperitynow 55.5% of Blacks in NC spend 30% or more of their household income on rent and utilities (leads state)

33.8% of Blacks in NC spend 30% or more of their household income on selected monthly owner costs (leads state) #BlackInNC
Read 7 tweets
22 Feb
My special memory from my 'Making the Case For Reparations' presentation at the @NCCSS State Conference was an older White gentleman (50's perhaps?) who approached afterwards. He shook my hand, thanked me, and said, "I was on the fence. Now I'm supportive." I smiled.
@NCCSS My presentation covered chattel slavery, 'King Cotton' and capitalism, Jim Crow (racial terrorism), medical apartheid, housing (redlining, home ownership/homelessness, racial covenants), land ownership (Black land loss), and mass incarceration (injustice system).
@NCCSS There's no way you can include ALL of the data outlining the debt owed to Black Americans who descend from US chattel slavery, suffered under Jim Crow for a century (1865-1965) and are the continuous victims of racial marginalization & discrimination, in an hour. But I tried. LOL
Read 5 tweets
8 Feb
Including the involuntary sterilization of African-Americans in North Carolina for nearly 50 years (1929-1976), in which the state agreed to set aside $10 million in 2014 to compensate survivors, NC has a horrific history in terms of Black health. #nchealth #ncpol #nced
NC's infant mortality rate per 1,000 White births in 1900 was 49.8 percent & 73.8% for non-Whites. In 1920, the death rate per 1,000 for tuberculosis (2nd leading cause of death) for White NC citizens was 92.1% & 171.1% for Blacks in NC. #nchealth #ncpol #nced
That same year, the overall life expectancy for Whites in NC was 56 years, a full decade more than the average life expectancy for Blacks in NC. #nchealth #ncpol #nced
Read 21 tweets

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