YANTRA [ यन्त्र ] in RASA-SHASTRA:
ANCIENT Chemistry/Alchemy

The instrument by which the substance is controlled is called 'Yantra'

For the success in purification of chemicals,or the equipment to save the liquid from Evaporating, burning, etc.used in work,is called Yantra.
1. DOLA YANTRA

• Used for 'shodhana'

•This is a purification device in rasayogas

•The material that is going to be detoxified is packed in hanging cloth  (potali), The drava inside the apparatus is kañjika 

• Purification of Goumutra, Mercury....
2. DAMRU YANTRA

• For Sublimation instrument

• For Extraction of Mercury from cinnabar

• For Purification of Navsagar { NH4CL}

• For Rasabandhan

• For Urdhwapatan of [ As2O]
3.STHALI YANTRA

• For Heating of RasaDravya

• For Preperation of 'Tamra Bhasm'
4.PALIKA YANTRA

• For Preperation of Various Chemicals

• For Stirring Purpose

• For Parpati Preperation
5. SWEDANI YANTRA

• For Shodhana

• For Parada( Mercury ) Sanskar

• For Extraction of Swarasa

• For Softening Process
6.BALUKA YANTRA
7.PUTA YANTRA
• For bhasma preparing and testing

• For Amritikarana ,Jarana, Satva Patana
8. VIDYADHAR YANTRA

• For Sublimation

• For Parada[ Hg] Sanskar
9.GHATA YANTRA

• Volume = 4 prastha

• Circumference = 4 Angul

Used for containers , preservation of Chemicals
10.URDHWA-PAATANA YANTRA
• For Extraction/Hartal/Sublimation

11. ADHAH PAATANA YANTRA
• For Adhahpatan sanskar and sodhan of Gandhaka
12.TIRYAK PAATAN YANTRA

• For distillation of Various Chemicals especially mercury

• For Extraction of volatile Chemicals/oils
13. BHOODHAR YANTRA(pic - left)

14. PAATAL YANTRA ( pic -right)

• Mainly For Oil Extraction
15. KHALVA

Used for Ptriturating , Mixing of herbs , minerals, chemical

There are many types of khalvas
Tapta, Vartul,Ardhachandrakar....
16.TULA YANTRA

For Quantitative Analysis of Chemicals

17. ULOOKHAL YANTRA

For mixing ,powdering drugs
18.KACHAP YANTRA

• • •

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