Welcome to the CERN Council | CERN Council

Who Controls CERN? It’s called a CERN Council council.web.cern.ch/en/content/wel…
(2) The CERN Council is the highest authority of the Organization and has responsibility for all-important decisions. It controls CERN’s activities in scientific, technical and administrative matters. It approves programmes of activity, adopts the budgets and reviews expenditure—
(3) — The Council is assisted by the Scientific Policy Committee and the Finance Committee. The Director-General, appointed by the Council, manages the CERN Laboratory. The Director-General is assisted by a directorate and runs the Laboratory through a structure of departments.
(4) CERN is run by 23 Member States, each of which has two official delegates to the CERN Council. One represents his or her government’s administration; the other represents national scientific interests. Each Member State has a single vote and most decisions require a simple—
(5) — majority, although in practice the Council aims for a consensus as close as possible to unanimity.
(6) The CERN convention was signed in 1953 by the 12 founding states Belgium, Denmark, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and Yugoslavia, and entered into force on Sept 29 1954—
(7) — The Organization was subsequently joined by Austria (1959), Spain (1961-1969, re-joined 1983), Portugal (1985), Finland (1991), Poland (1991), Czechoslovak Republic (1992), Hungary (1992), Bulgaria (1999), Israel (2014), Romania (2016) and Serbia (2019).—
(8) — The Czech Republic and Slovak Republic re-joined CERN after their mutual independence in 1993. Yugoslavia left CERN in 1961.
(9) Today CERN has 23 Member States: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.—
(10) — Cyprus and Slovenia are Associate Member States in the pre-stage to Membership. Croatia, India, Lithuania, Pakistan, Turkey and Ukraine are Associate Member States.
(11) Who has Observer status?
Japan, the Russian Federation and the United States of America, as well as the European Union, JINR and UNESCO currently have Observer status.
Over 600 institutes and universities around the world use CERN’s facilities. Funding agencies from
both—
(12) — Member and Non-Member States are responsible for the financing, construction & operation of the experiments on which they collaborate. CERN spends its budget on building machines such as the Large Hadron Collider, it only partially contributes to the cost of experiments.
(13) Can non-members join CERN?
Non-Member States with co-operation agreements with CERN include Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, North Macedonia
(14) — Georgia, Iceland, Iran, Jordan, Korea, Malta, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, New Zealand, Peru, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, United Arab Emirates and Vietnam.
CERN also has scientific contacts with Cuba, Ghana, Ireland, Latvia, Lebanon, Madagascar, Malaysia,—
(15) — Mozambique, Palestinian Authority, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tunisia, Uzbekistan.
(16) The Scientific Policy Committee evaluates the scientific merit of activities proposed by physicists and makes recommendations on CERN’s scientific programme. Its members are scientists elected by their colleagues on the committee and appointed by Council on the basis of
(17) scientific eminence without reference to nationality. Some members are also elected from Non-Member States.
(18) The Finance Committee is composed of representatives from national administrations and deals with all issues relating to financial contributions by the Member States and to the Organization’s budget and expenditure.
(19) Director-General

Fabiola Gianotti
home.cern/about/who-we-a…
(20) Director for Accelerators and Technology

Frédérick Bordry
home.cern/about/who-we-a…
(21) Director for Research and Computing

Eckhard Elsen
home.cern/about/who-we-a…
(22) Director for Finance and Human Resources

Martin Steinacher
home.cern/about/who-we-a…
(23) Director for International Relations

Charlotte Warakaulle
home.cern/about/who-we-a…
(24) Heads of Departments
(25) Who is CERN funded by?

This means that while the Large Hadron Collider was built by CERN using the money contributed to the central fund, the four giant detector experiments were funded, designed, and built by independent collaborations of nations.
aps.org/publications/a…
(26) Is CERN privately funded?
CERN gets much of its money through grants and funds from individual members. ... CERN is funded by its more than twenty member states at a rate of about 800 million euro a year. The LHC cost breakdown is complex—
(27) — because there is the accelerator itself and then there are the experiments.

CERN gets much of its money through grants and funds from individual members. The EU will provide much of the $1,000,000,000 (~£600,000,000) operating cost, and other funds will come from—
(28) — individual donors, investments from other countries and merchandising. To answer the second part of your question, the LHC coat around $9,000,000,000 to simply build. Who could have guessed advanced cryogenics and the strongest magnets in the world could be so expensive?—
(29) — You might baulk at the cost, but it's 14% of the UK's annual pension fund, and under 1% of the us's annual department of defense budget. So, pocket change relatively speaking.
(30) Who owns the Large Hadron Collider?

the European Organization for Nuclear Research

It was built by the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) between 1998 and 2008 in collaboration with over 10,000 scientists and hundreds of universities and laboratories, as—
(31) — well as more than 100 countries. It lies in a tunnel 27 kilometres (17 mi) in circumference and as deep as 175 metres (574 ft) beneath the France–Switzerland border near Geneva.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Large_Had…
(32) Why does CERN have a statue of Shiva? The Shiva statue was a gift from India to celebrate its association with CERN, which started in the 1960's and remains strong today. In the Hindu religion, Lord Shiva practiced Nataraj dance which symbolises Shakti, or life force—
(33) — India is one of CERN's associate member states.

The Scientific Symbolism of the Statue of Shiva Nataraja at CERN, Switzerland
detechter.com/the-scientific…

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