Raj Profile picture
17 Oct, 12 tweets, 4 min read
Subhas Chandra (SB) Bose was one of India’s greatest freedom fighter. He revived the Indian National Army, popularly known as ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ in 1943, which were later know as the 'Free Indian Legion', who fought besides Hitler's Germany.
He had been elected in Congress and against rendering any kind of help to the British during the World War II. He warned them so. The second World War broke out in September of 1939, and just as predicted by Bose, India was declared as a warring state (on behalf of the British)
by the Governor General, without consulting Indian leaders.
Being against Indian participation, S.C. Bose started a mass movement against utilizing Indian resources and men for the great war. There was a tremendous response to his call and the British promptly imprisoned him and later him placed under house arrest.
It was in 1941, that S.C. Bose suddenly disappeared and in November 1941, his broadcast from German radio sent shock waves among the British and electrified the Indian masses who realized that their leader was working on a master plan to free their motherland.
SC. Bose initially only convinced Indian POW held in Italy and Germany to fight for India alongside Germany, but after Libya were taken, he had more to choose from. The initial 10,000 soldiers went down to 4,500, with many opposed due to family members fighting on the other...
side and ramifications on family members.
Difference in Indians fighting for the British Army (GBR) and the German Army (GER).

GBR: Had separate religious groups, ie, Muslim Battalion, Sikh Battalion etc,

GER: One group, all religions.

GBR: Indians only used as foot soldiers.
GER: Indians were made Lieutenants and Commandos.

GBR: Estimated 2.5 m Indians fighting for GBR.

GER: 4,500. Of those: 59% Hindu 25% Muslim 14% Sikh 2%. Other
Aug, 1944 - Prior to D-Day, Indians were pulled out of Normandy due to fears, if captured, they would be tried for Treason. Apr 1945 - To escape capture, Indians tried to cross into Switzerland via Lake Constance, only to be refused by the Swiss Border Guards, and later..
captured by the US Forces and Free French Morrocon. Those that weren't killed were handed to the British, who later tried them for Treason in India.
The resulting Red Fort Trials let to an upsurge in Indian feelings towards Independence, who considered those tried as heros. Any sentences were later reduced and many were released, but without any financial help from the government.

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