#TodayInHistory The 415 km long Burma-Thailand Railway is finally completed in 1943. Better known as the Death Railway, built by forced labor of around 250,000 Allied POWs, of whom 16,000 died during the construction.
The construction of the railway began in 1942 after the Japanese invasion of Burma. It was seen as an alternative to the existing supply route via sea, vulnerable to Allied attacks. 111 Km were in Burma and remaining 304 km in Thailand.
The line was built using forced labor, mostly Allied POWs, with very rudimentary equipment, under severe heat and humidity. Also 180,000 South East Asian labor, forcibly drafted to work on this railway, and living in terrible conditions.
Most of those working on the Railway died of tropical diseases like malaria, cholera, dysentery. Even worse off were the romusha or forced labor from South East Asia, who received no care, were treated worse than animals, around 300,000 of them are estimated to have died.
Currently the Death Railway exists only in Thailand, including that famous Bridge on the River Kwai, the Burmese section, falling into disrepair and neglect.
And yes David Lean's epic war drama, one of my all time favorite war movies, which dealt with the Death Railway.

• • •

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh

Keep Current with History Under Your Feet

History Under Your Feet Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!


Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @HUFToday

17 Oct
While the nation celebrates the Devi Navaratri, in Telangana/ Hyderabad, along with that, Bathukamma is observed too, coinciding with the Nava Ratris. Incidentally two major festivals of Telangana- Bonalu and Bathukamma are women oriented, celebrating worship of Shakti. Image
Though the celebrations are subdued this year due to Covid and the heavy rains, floods in Hyderabad, Telangana, #Bathukamma is still being observed, on a low key. This thread is more on the festival and it's importance.
Bathukamma is usually celebrated during the Mahalaya Amavasya, coinciding with the Navaratri festivities. It starts on Mahalaya Amavasya, and ends with the Pedda Bathukamma on Durgashtami.
Read 23 tweets
16 Oct
#TodayInHistory Veerapandya Kattabomman is hanged to death by the British from a tamarind tree at Kayathar in 1799, one of the great freedom fighters, who would be an inspiration to many revolutionaries in Tamil Nadu. Image
Panchalankurichi is a small village located in Tamil Nadu’s Thoothukudi district. It gets it’s name from the fact that 5 Pandya chieftains or Pancha Pandyas put up a brave resistance against the Madurai Nayaks in a valley( Kurichi) nearby.
The place was founded by Jaga Veera Pandya, when he saw a hare giving chase to the hounds, and considered it a land of great valor. Known for their bravery, and resistance to invaders, it was the birthplace of Veera Pandya Kattabomman.
Read 41 tweets
14 Oct
Today is Jayanti of Lala Hardayal, the man who co founded the Ghadar Party in US, along with Sohan Singh Bhakna. A legend among revolutionaries, one of the key members of India House in London along with Shyamji Krishna Varma, Veer Savarkar and Madame Bhikaji Cama.
A brilliant polymath who turned down a lucrative career in the Civil Services, as he plunged into the revolutionary movement. A leader who inspired many expat Indians in UK, US and Canada to rise against British imperialism. #lalahardayal
Lala Hardayal, was born on October 14, 1884, the 6th child of a large Kayastha Mathur family in Delhi, to Gauri Dayal Mathur, a district court reader and Bholi Rani. Influenced by the ideals of the Arya Samaj at an early age.
Read 22 tweets
13 Oct
Today is death anniversary of Bhagini Nivedita, the loyal disciple of Swami Vivekananda, who spread his message, actively supported the revolutionary movement, and one of the driving forces behind the Bengali Renaissance.
She had close contacts with many revolutionaries, was one of the forces behind the Anti Bengal partition movement against Curzon. Apart from that she made contribution to women’s education, revived Indian art forms, promoted science, and worked on relief.
The woman who created such an impact was born as Margaret Elizabeth Nobel in Dungannon, a small town currently in Northern Ireland. Her father, Samuel Richmond Noble, was a pastor himself who taught her “Service to mankind is service to God”.
Read 39 tweets
11 Oct
Today is Jayanti of 2 great men, from different backgrounds, whose lives would come together during the Emergency- Jayaprakash Narayan and Nanaji Deshmukh. Two men whom destiny bought together. ImageImage
#JayaprakashNarayan was from Bihar’s Saran district, his father was a lower Government official, and he later went on to study in the US too. Nanaji on the other hand, was from Maharashtra’s Hingoli district, had a tough childhood., and later rose up the ranks of the RSS.
Their ideologies too differed, where JP was socialist, left leaning, Nanaji’s was more rooted in the Integral Humanism of the Jan Sangh. And yet their paths came together during the Emergency and events preceeding it.
Read 39 tweets
6 Oct
Today Is Jayanti of Meghnad Saha, whose Theory of Thermal Ionisation, is one of the landmarks of modern astronomy. Also introduced nuclear physics as a discipline in India. One of the great Indian scientists of modern era.
One of the most important scientific theories during the 20th century, has been the theory of thermal ionization. Basically an expression, that relates the ionization state of a gas, in thermal equilibrium to the temperature and pressure.
It combined the theories of quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics and is used to explain the spectral classification of stars. Arthur Stanley Eddington, called it as one of the most important landmark in the history of astronomy.
Read 34 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Too expensive? Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal Become our Patreon

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us on Twitter!