#Khorasan, as one of the main cradles of #Islamic #Sufism, was also the place where some of the most remarkable and important "tariqâs" (Sufi Order) were founded.

Let´s name some of them:

-Mevlevi Order: Originated in Konya in the 13th century by Mawlana Balkhi followers.
-Bektashi Order: named after Haji Bektash Veli, an Islamic scholar from 13th century Nishabur. Haji Bektash, just like Mawlana, fled his homeland Khorasan fleeing Mongol hordes and settled in what is now Turkey.

The Bektashi and Mevlevi are the most important orders in Turkey.
-The Naqshbandi Order: Named after Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari, a 14th century scholar from Bukhara. Deeply influenced by Yusuf Hamadani and Abdul Khaliq Gajadwani from Bukhara.

One of the main orders in modern UZB, AFG and the Subcontinent.
-The Chishti Order: Named after the city of Chisht in Herat. Founded in 10th century, it is most likely the oldest Sufi Order. The founder was a Syrian man named Abu Ishaq Shami and in the Subcontinent was founded by Moinuddin Chishti. Main order in modern AFG, PAK and India.
-The Khufiyya Order: A Chinese Sufi Order but traces its roots back to the Naqshbandi Order of Bukhara. Most likely founded in the 17th century.
-The Kubrawiyyah Order: Founded in Khwarezm and named after Najm al-Din Kubra in the 14th century. Kubra was killed by the Mongol hordes when they took and devastated the Khwarezmian city of Urgench.

Very popular in Bangladesh and eastern India.
-The Qalandariyya Order: known for its wandering and ascetic Sufi dervishes. It has some very obscure origins. It is theorized it originated in Spain although for some reason it became quite popular in Khorasan.
-The Yasawiyyah Order: founded in what is now Kazakhstan by Khwajah Ahmad Yasawi in the 12th century, and made up mostly of ethnic Turks. Became very popular under the Timurids and spread across the Central Asia.
These are some of the most important orders. There are many more. In addition to organized Sufi orders, Central Asia has also had its share of selftaught Sufis—ascetics who preached their own personal messages of spiritual purification and who gathered followers around them.
You may learn more on Sufism in Central Asia here:

carnegieendowment.org/files/cp84_olc…

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More from @BiruniKhorasan

16 Oct
One of the lesser known historical facts is that after the second fall of Jerusalem to the Crusaders in the 6th Crusade, the city was retaken by a Khwarezmian army

Short thread:

In 1187 Jerusalem was reconquered by Sultan Salahadin but in 1229 conquered again by the Christians.
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20 Sep
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16 Sep
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Thread on its miniatures depicting Rumi´s life.
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