i) Gunpowder was invented by Chinese alchemists in 850-900 AD in the Tang Dynasty.

ii) Gunpowder reached India for the first time in 1258 AD, when the envoy of the Mongol ruler Hulegu Khan arrived in Delhi.

iii) Mughals commercialised Gunpowder use in India.

#Diwali
#Thread
Just like Portuguese brought Chili to India in the 16th Century, the Mughals commercialised Gunpowder use in India in the 16th Century.

Babur successfully used gunpowder for the first time in India when he exploded his cannons at the Battle of Panipat in 1526.
The Mughals then brought firing rockets from China as they terrified horses and elephants.

Tipu Sultan made his rockets so effective that the British copied them to make their own Congreve rockets, and these rockets were used against Napoleon at the Battle of Leipzig (1813).
The bursting of crackers or the firing of guns to celebrate victories or at marriages or other celebrations soon became a Muslim custom Northern India.

Mughal paintings show firecrackers at the grand weddings like those of Nurjahan and Dara Shikoh.
Gunpowder was present at the court of Vijaynagar in 1450 AD as mentioned by Persian ambassador Abd al-Razzaq.

The Portuguese also used Cannons from Sea against the Zamorin of Calicut in early 16t century.
Buddhists and Jains also had Ramayana traditions

For Jains, Diwali has nothing to do with Lord Ram. To them the tradition is that when Mahavira, the 24th Tirtankha died, all the lights of the universe went out and the people had to illuminate their homes with lamps.
In 1923, two brothers Ayya and Shanmugan Nadar went to Calcutta to seek their fortunes.

In 1940 they returned to their native town of Sivakasi and set up a match factory. At this time the Indian Explosives Act was amended so they diversified into the manufacture of firecrackers
Both brothers began to market their firecrackers and associated them with Deepavali in Tamil Nadu and Andhra.

By 1975, the Nadar Bros had over 170 factories in Sivakasi and crackers were now an essential part of Deepavali. Nadars also opened cracker factories in China in 2005.
Before Mughals in India, the use of cannons was limited only to defence of fortresses (Bahmani Sultanate and the Vijayanagara Empire)

But Mughals started the use of heavily gunpowder using cannons in their ground attacks.

Ottoman, Safavids & Mughal were the Gunpowder empires.
Gunpowder and Fireworks arrived in the Indian subcontinent along with Mongols, to be exact at March 1258 AD.

The Mughal envoy was visiting the court of Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud.

There was no gunpowder or firecrackers in India before 1258 AD.

#END

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