A thread of today's classical legal tradition reading takeaways:

1. Law pertains to reason (ST. I-II, Q90, A.1)
2. Law is always directed chiefly at the common good; laws are not for private profit, but common benefit of citizens; a law is just when it is adopted to produce and preserve happiness (ST. I-II, Q90, A.2)
3. Law is an ordinance by the whole people or the public official who has care of the whole people, it is not a private affair; (ST. I-II, Q90, A.3)
4. A private person cannot lead another to virtue efficaciously, he can only advise; thus the law should have coercive power to prove an efficacious inducement to virtue and should "inflict penalties"; (ST. I-II, Q90, A.3)
5. [Note: interesting that the phrase "rationem legis" is translated "force of law" --drawing the connection between reason and force] (ST I-II, Q90, A.3)
6. A law must be promulgated; a rule is imposed by being applied to its object; such application is made by its being notified to them by promulgation (ST I-II, Q90, A.4)
7. Thus, a law according to St. Thomas is: (i) an ordinance of reason, (ii) for the common good, (iii) made by him who has care of the community, and (iv) promulgated (ST I-II, Q90, A.4)
8. The rational creature has a share of the Eternal Reason, whereby it has a natural inclination to its proper act and end; participation of the eternal law in the rational creature is called the natural law. (ST I-II, Q91, A.2)
9. Natural law is the light of natural reason, whereby we discern what is good and what is evil (ST I-II, Q91, A.2)
10. Human law is a dictate of practical reason; it deals with the singular and contingent, in contrast to speculative reason, which deals with the necessary. (ST I-II, Q91, A.3)
11. Divine law is necessary because practical reason leads to differing judgments and differing human laws. (ST I-II, Q91, A.4)
12. Human law, as per St. Augustine, cannot punish or forbid all evil deeds because in so doing it would likely do away with many good things and would hinder the utility of the common good (ST I-II, Q91, A.4)
13. "The proper effect of law is to make those to whom it is given, good, either simply or in some particular respect." Lawgivers "make men good by habituating them to good works (citing Ethics, Book II) (ST I-II, Q92, A.1)
CC: @Vermeullarmine ; proof the reading has commenced.

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