@shadihamid with respect; your claim is not accurate. Only Hanbalis say Quran’s words (oral / written) are God’s direct uncreated speech. Asharis/Maturidis/Ismailis/Philosophers ontologically distinguish Quran’s Arabic words from God’s Speech/Word. My entire thesis is about this
Further; Ashari & Maturidi & Ismaili views of Quranic ontology affect their Quranic hermeneutics & ethical theory. See Vishanoff & Farahat’s work and mine as well
There were early Christians fathers & later Christians who do affirm verbal biblical inspiration / dictation as well. One can’t validly claim Muslims are unique in this nor can you claim Muslim inerrancy beliefs are not paralleled among Christians.
Furthermore the claim that the ontology of the Quran has bearing on potential Muslim theories of statecraft is a real stretch. Even if true, it would only apply to Hanbali / Salafi views of Quranic revelation, not others. But the Quran lacks a political doctrine of statecraft;
We also need to bear in mind the historical distinction in Muslim societies between Fiqh (religious law) and Siyasa (ruler’s law that governs the empire). Both are “Islamic” but latter is quite flexible & former was never meant for empire or nation states.
My colleague @AbbasiRushain has a great article about how sunni Muslim thinkers surely did distinguish between religious (Dini) and worldly/secular (Duniyawi) realms and affairs and some (not all) Sunnis places siyasa / Caliphal authority in the secular/worldly realm.

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More from @KhalilAndani

21 Feb
.@shadihamid to ensure I don’t misrepresent you, here are parts of the book where you make descriptive claim re Muslim beliefs in the Quran as “God’s actual direct & literal speech” & that this makes Islam exceptional. What follows are my academic disagreements with you (thread):
If “Quran” means the recited Arabic sounds/letters/verses, then only Hanbalis & Mu’tazili say the Arabic Quran is God’s direct literal speech. Asharis, Maturidis, Ibn Sina, Ismailis & some Sufis believe God’s Speech is nonmaterial/uncreated & created Arabic Quran indicates to it
To be specific, Ashari & Maturidi theologians to this day say that Arabic Quran as words & verses is not God’s direct speech. It’s a created expression mediated by Gabriel or some other medium. Some believe God inspired His immaterial speech in Gabriel who then forms the words.
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