Khordha Kingdom
Thread on
Ramachandra Deva I (Abhinav Indradyumna) (1568-1600) who was the founder of Bhoi dynasty, established his
capital at Khurda and reinstalled the four Principal
deities in the Ratnasinghashana of Shreemandira,
Khordha Kingdom
His effective and smooth administration of
the Khurda State as well as overall supervision in
the field of religion, education, military power are
very much memorable in the history of Odisha.
Khordha Kingdom
He ruled for about thirty years in
Khurdagarh. As mentioned in the
‘Madala Panji’ (Temple Chronicle) &
‘Chakadapothi’ that Gajapati Rama Chandra Dev
established his fort & palace in a remote village
i.e. Khurda near ‘Kholapala’ at the foot hills of
Khordha Kingdom
According to ‘Akbaranama’ the fort of
Khordha was the strongest of the fortresses of
Rama Chandra Dev.
Khordha Kingdom
Khordhagada was Rectangular in shape (4000’
x 3000’), comprising inner walls and outer walls
with four gates, one in the each side, there was a
moat with maximum breath of 75’, encircling the
fort from all sides.
Khordha Kingdom
The drainage system of the
fort wall was nicely designed. In the middle, there
was a tank with store embankment, locally known
as ‘Rani Puskarini’
Khordha Kingdom
The previous Capital of Odisha known
as Barabati fort, Cuttack came under the rule of king Anangabhim Dev of Ganga dynasty till the
reign of Mukunda Dev, the king of Chalukya
dynasty for a period 350 years.
Khordha Kingdom
After his death,
the Barabati fort came under possession of the
Muslim rulers. So king Rama Chandra Dev
without wasting his time to restore the Barabati
fort at Cuttack he decided tobuild a new one on the Barunei Foothills.
Khordha Kingdom
He took necessary steps with the help of three
Dalabehera’s or Chiefs of the ‘Garh namely
Adhikari Baghu Patra of Kokalagarh, Jadhu
Parida of ‘Ghoradia’ and Sarani Patra of
‘Mallipada’ and
established his new fort and palace at Khurda in
the dense forest.
Khordha Kingdom
The Gajapati king made sincere
efforts to popularise and glorify his rule. It is said
that the image of Shree Jagannath had been burnt
by the fanatic Kalapahada after the occupation
of Odisha by the Afghans of Bengal in 1568
Khordha Kingdom
Rama Chandra Dev (I) constructed the new
images of the deities and installed them in the
bejeweled platform of sanctum sanctorum of Shree Jagannatha Temple, Puri.
Khordha Kingdom
Due to this service to Lord Jagannatha he was
acclamied as the “Second Indradyumna”.
According to Puri District Gazetter sources, some
time in 1596 he also set the famous Neelachakra on the crest of the temple of Jagannatha.
Khordha Kingdom
He established many Brahmin
villages in different parts of Puri district. These
Villages were known as ‘Sasana’. It was during
his rule that the Muktimandap in Puri Temple was
renovated, probably by Rani Gaura Devi, the wife
of General Mansingh in the year 1592.
Khordha Kingdom
The other significant work of Gajapati
Maharaja Rama Chandra Dev was the reintroduction
of Mahaprasada in Shreemandira after a lapse of
eight years.
Khordha Kingdom
Under his active patronage, some
Sanskrit and Odia Scholarly works were
completed by the then Veteran Pandits. These
include “Durgostava Chandrika”, “Karmangi” &
“Madala Panji” (Temple Chronicle) etc.
Khordha Kingdom
Rama Chandra Dev (I) took initiation for recording of
Madala Panji (temple chronicle) and also codified
the rituals and nitis of Shree Jagannath Temple
known as ‘Karmangi’ in palm leaf script by
engaging his Karana Sebaks for the first time
during his reign.
Khordha Kingdom
According to some historians of the State,
the name of the King Rama Chandra Dev (I) is
very much memorable during the golden era of
the Bhoi Dynasty in Odisha and he was otherwise
known as “Abhinav Indradyumna” or “Duti

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Khordha Kingdom
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Khordha Kingdom
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