Khordha Kingdom : A thread on Paikas who led the First Real war of Independence in India
The Paikas ( literally ‘foot soldiers’), were a class of military retainers had been recruited since the 16th century by kings in Odisha.
Khordha Kingdom
They came from a variety of social groups to render martial services in return for hereditary rent-free land (nish-kar jagirs) and titles.
Khordha Kingdom
The advent of the British and establishment of colonial rule brought new land revenue settlements, which led to the Paikas losing their estates.
Khordha Kingdom
In 1817, some 400 Kondhs descended from the Ghumusar area to rise in revolt against the British. Bakshi Jagabandhu the highest-ranking military general of Mukund Dev II, and erstwhile holder of the lucrative Rodanga estate, led an army of Paikas to join them.
Khordha Kingdom
The Paikas set fire to government buildings in Banapur, killed policemen and looted the treasury and the British salt agent’s ship docked on the Chilika.
Khordha Kingdom
They then proceeded to Khurda and killed several British officials. Over the next few months, the Paikas fought bloody battles at several places, but the colonial army gradually crushed the revolt.
Khordha Kingdom
Bakshi Jagabandhu escaped to the jungles, and stayed out of reach of the British until 1825, when he finally surrendered under negotiated terms.
Khordha Kingdom
Before and after the revolt of the Paikas in Khurda came risings in Paralakhemundi (1799-1814), Ghumusar (1835-36) and Angul (1846-47); the rebellion of Kondhs in Kalahandi (1855); and the Sabara Rebellion of 1856-57, again in Paralakhemundi.
Khordha Kingdom
This is the reason why several recent descriptions of the Paika Rebellion in Odisha’s Khurda in 1817 have referred to it as the “original” first war of Indian Independence.
Khordha Kingdom and history of Paikas

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Khordha Kingdom
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Khordha Kingdom
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Khordha Kingdom
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Khordha Kingdom
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