Thread 1/9

#OnThisDay
Kittur Rani Chennamma passed away on 21 Feb 1829.

She was one of the first Indian rulers to rebel against the British East India Company in 1824. This rebellion was 33 years before the famous revolt of 1857.

I pay my homage by sharing her story.
Do read.
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Kittur Chennamma was born on 23 October 1778, in Kakati, a small village in the present Belagavi District of Karnataka, India.

She married Mallasarja Desai, the king of Kittur, at the age of 15. Her husband died in 1816 & then her only son also died in 1824.
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She adopted Shivalingappa with the aim of making him the next king of Kittur.

But, British Doctrine of Lapse stated that an adopted child cannot become a king. If native rulers didn't have any biological children then their kingdom would become part of British Empire.
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Dharwad collector John Thackeray and Commissioner Mr. Chaplin refused to recognise Chennamma as the regent and Shivalingappa as the ruler and asked Rani Chennamma to surrender her kingdom, but she defied the British order.

This led to the breakout of a war.
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In the first battle, British attacked with 21000 men & 440 guns in 1824. But, British forces faced heavy losses.
Her general, Amatur Balappa killed Thackeray & British forces were no match.
Sir Walter Elliot and Mr. Stevenson were taken hostages by Rani Chennamma’s forces.
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Hostages were released as Britishers promised to stop the war. But, it was just a lie.

Chaplin returned with much larger forces for 2nd battle.

For 12 days, Chennamma and her soldiers relentlessly defended their fort despite being heavily outnumbered & cheated by her own.
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Two soldiers of her own army, Mallappa Shetty and Venkata Rao, betrayed Chennamma by mixing mud and cow dung with the gunpowder used for the canons.

Rani Chennamma was defeated & captured by the British, who imprisoned her at the Bailhongal Fort for life.
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Her story became the theme of several inspirational plays, folk songs (Lavani) and stories.

She is honoured annually in October during the ‘Kittur Utsava’, held only in Kittur & not celebrated across Karnataka or India like Tipu Jayanti is celebrated by Congress.
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The saddest part is that a bigot like Tipu Sultan is a celebrated figure in our history but Kittur Rani Chennamma is barely discussed.

We can spread awareness but it is up to the govt to change the history syllabus permanently which has not happened sadly.

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More from @HouseOfFakts

18 Feb
Thread 1/4

#OnThisDay

Vishnubuva Brahamchari was born on 18 Feb 1825.

He was a 19th-century Marathi Hindu revivalist.

He was one of the first sages in India to to have worked on reconversion of Christians back to Hinduism.

He believed in infallibility of the Vedas. Image
2/4
He said X'tianity is 'filth created by the hypocrisy of barbarians'.

He said the major difference between Indic religions & Abrahamic religions is their belief that only humans have soul & not animals, their rejection of karma & rebirth and their acceptance of Judgment Day.
3/4

His also pointed out a lot of evil traditional ideas and customs in Hinduism due to which he was also hated by Hindus of those times.

He was against birth based caste system, Sati & other evil customs.

He had also worked for female education, widow remarriage.
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