The Civil War and the Confederacy (CSA) were about slavery. Only slavery. The word “slavery” appears 83 times in the Declarations of Secession. The Constitution of the Confederacy makes “negro slavery” *mandatory*.
The Declarations of Secession include:
• “that the servitude of the African race, as existing in these States, is mutually beneficial to both bond and free”
• “the subordination and the political and social inequality of the African race was fully conceded by all”
• "In the momentous step which our State has taken of dissolving its connection with the government of which we so long formed a part, it is but just that we should declare the prominent reasons which have induced our course...
...Our position is thoroughly identified with the institution of slavery – the greatest material interest of the world. Its labor supplies the product which constitutes by far the largest and most important portions of commerce of the earth...a blow at slavery is a blow at...
...commerce and civilization. That blow has been long aimed at the institution, and was at the point of reaching its consummation. There was no choice left us but submission to the mandates of abolition, or a dissolution of the Union.
• “Southern States and their beneficent and patriarchal system of African slavery”
• “We hold as undeniable truths that the governments of the various States, and of the confederacy itself, were established exclusively by the white race, for themselves and their posterity”
• “Our new government is founded upon exactly the opposite ideas; its foundations are laid, its cornerstone rests, upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery, subordination to the superior race, is his natural and normal condition.”
• “African slavery is the corner-stone of the industrial, social, and political fabric of the South; and whatever wars against it, wars against her very existence. Strike down the institution of African slavery and you reduce the South to depopulation and barbarism”
• "Mr. President, it seems to me that northern Senators most pertinaciously overlook the main point at issue between the two sections of our Confederacy. We claim that there is property in slaves, and they deny it."
• “Resolved, that the platform on the party known as the Black Republican Party contains unconstitutional dogmas, dangerous in their tendency and highly derogatory to the rights of slave states, and among them the insulting, injurious and untruthful enunciation of...
...the right of the African race of their country to social and political equality with the whites.”
• “it is the desire and purpose of the people of Alabama to meet the Slaveholding States of the South, who may approve such purpose... order to frame a provisional as well as permanent government upon the principles of the Constitution of the United States.”
• “Government having perverted said powers not only to the injury of the people of VA, but to the oppression of the Southern slave-holding States:”
• “We regard every man in our midst an enemy to the institutions of the South, who does not boldly declare that he believes African slavery to be a social, moral, and political blessing.”
• "We are sent to protect, not so much property, as white supremacy, and the great political right of internal self-control---but only against one specified and single danger alone, i.e. the danger of Abolition rule."
• “The anti-slavery party contend that slavery is wrong in itself, and the Government is a consolidated national democracy. We of the South contend that slavery is right, and that this is a confederate Republic of sovereign States.”
• “Sir, I do firmly believe that domestic slavery, regulated as ours is, produces the highest toned, the purest, best organization of society that has ever existed on the face of the earth.”
• “In all such territory, the institution of negro slavery, as it now exists in the Confederate States, shall be recognized and protected by Congress and the territorial government.”
• “Our people have come to this on the question of slavery. I am willing, in that address to rest it upon that question. I think it is the great central point from which we are now proceeding, and I am not willing to divert the public attention from it.”
• “that the African race had no agency in [the Confederate] establishment; that they were rightfully held and regarded as an inferior and dependent race, and in that condition [slavery] only could their existence in this country be rendered beneficial or tolerable.”
• "Mr. Chairman, I desire to state, in a few words, what I regard as the real question in controversy between the political parties of the country. The Republican party holds that African slavery is a local institution, created and sustained by State laws and usages...
...that cannot exist beyond the limits of the State, by virtue of whose laws it is established and sustained. The Democratic party holds that African slavery is a national institution recognized and sustained by the Constitution of the US throughout the entire territorial limits"
• "The extension of slavery is the vital point of the whole controversy between the North and the South"
• “the moment this House undertakes to legislate upon this subject [slavery], it dissolves the Union. Should it be my fortune to have a seat upon this floor, I will abandon it the instant the first decisive step is taken looking towards legislation of this subject...
...I will go home to preach, and if I can, practice, disunion, and civil war, if needs be. A revolution must ensue, and this republic sink in blood."
• "It is time for all patriots to be united, to be under military organization, to be advancing to the conflict determined to live or die in defence of the God given right to own the African"
• “We must either submit to degradation, and to the loss of property worth four billions of money, or we must secede from the Union framed by our fathers, to secure this as well as every other species of property.”
• “Democratic liberty exists solely because we have slaves . . . freedom is not possible without slavery.”
• “No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law denying or impairing the right of property in negro slaves shall be passed.”
• "There is not a respectable system of civilization known to history whose foundations were not laid in the institution of domestic slavery."
• "I said that one of the causes, and the one that has created more excitement and dissatisfaction than any other, is, that the Government will not hereafter, and when it is necessary, interpose to protect slaves as property in the Territories."
• "the cause of this great discontent in the country, the cause of the evils which we now suffer and which we now fear, originates chiefly from questions growing out of the respective rights of the different States and the unfortunate subject of slavery"
• "the great question which is now uprooting this Government to its foundation---the great question which underlies all our deliberations here, is the question of African slavery"
• "This country without slave labor would be completely worthless. We can only live & exist by that species of labor; and hence I am willing to fight for the last."
• "the fierce strife we have had with the Northern States, which has led to the disruption of the Government, is a trumpet-tongued answer to this question. They have declared, by the election of Lincoln, 'There shall be no more slave territory–no more slave States'... this the Cotton States have responded by acts of secession and a Southern Confederacy; which is but a solemn declaration of these States, that they will not submit to the Northern idea of restricting slavery to its present limits, and confining it to the slave States."
• The fundamental cause of the imperiled condition of the country is the institution of African servitude, or rather, the unnecessary hostility to that institution on the part of those who have no connection with it, no duties to perform about it, and no responsibilities... bear as to the right or wrong of it. Each event, touching the extension, contraction, or control of this institution, as it has presented itself, has added to the mutual exasperation and strife between the North and the South...
...until men have become convinced that to have peace, as to all things else, the North and the South must be completely separated as to this institution of slavery."
• "The Ordinance of Secession rests, in a great measure, upon our assertion of a right to enslave the African race, or, what amounts to the same thing, to hold them in slavery."
• "If the Republican party with its platform of principles, the main feature of which is the abolition of slavery and, therefore, the destruction of the South, carries the country at the next Presidential election...
...shall we remain in the Union, or form a separate Confederacy? This is the great, grave issue."
• "I say, then, that viewed from that standpoint, there is but one single subject of complaint which Virginia has to make against the government under which we live; a complaint made by the whole South, and that is on the subject of African slaver."
• "the great cause of complaint now is the slavery question, and the questions growing out of it. If there is any other cause of complaint which has been influential in any quarter, to bring about the crisis which is now upon us...
...if any State or any people have made the troubles growing out of this question, a pretext for agitation instead of a cause of honest complaint, Virginia can have no sympathy whatever, in any such feeling, in any such policy, in any such attempt. It is the slavery question."
• "A geographical line has been drawn across the Union, and all the States north of that line have united in the election of a man to the high office of President of the United States, whose opinions and purposes are hostile to slavery."
• "As a separate republic, Louisiana remembers too well the whisperings of European diplomacy for the abolition of slavery in the times of an­nexation not to be apprehensive of bolder demonstrations from the same quarter and the North in this country...
...The people of the slave holding States are bound together by the same necessity and determination to preserve African slavery."
• "The election of Mr. Lincoln cannot be regarded otherwise than a solemn declaration, on the part of a great majority of the Northern people, of hostility to the South, her property and her institutions—nothing less than an open declaration of war—for the triumph of this new...
...theory of Government destroys the property of the South, lays waste her fields, and inaugurates all the horrors of a San Domingo servile insurrection, consigning her citizens to assassinations...
...and her wives and daughters to pollution and violation, to gratify the lust of half-civilized Africans."
• "In this free government all white men are and of right ought to be entitled to equal civil and political rights; that the servitude of the African abundantly authorized and justified by the experience of mankind, and the revealed will of the Almighty Creator."
• "white men have an equality resulting from a presence of a lower caste, which cannot exist where white men fill the position here occupied by the servile race."
• "If the policy of the Republicans is carried out, according to the programme indicated by the leaders of the party, and the South submits, degradation and ruin must overwhelm alike all classes of citizens in the Southern States. The slave-holder and non-­slave-holder must...
...ultimately share the same fate—all be degraded to a position of equality with free negroes, stand side by side with them at the polls, and fraternize in all the social relations of life."
• "‘The people of the South,’ says a contemporary, ‘are not fighting for slavery but for independence.’ Let us look into this matter. It is an easy task, we think, to show up this new-fangled heresy — a heresy calculated to do us no good, for it cannot deceive foreign...
...statesmen nor peoples, nor mislead any one here nor in Yankeeland. . .Our doctrine is this: WE ARE FIGHTING FOR INDEPENDENCE THAT OUR GREAT AND NECESSARY DOMESTIC INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY SHALL BE PRESERVED." (emphasis in original)
• "Having thus placed the institution of slavery, upon which rests not only the whole wealth of the Southern people, but their very social and political existence, under the condemnation of a government established for the common benefit, it proposed in the future... encourage immigration into the public Territory, by giving the public land to immigrant settlers, so as, within a brief time, to bring into the Union free States enough to enable it to abolish slavery within the States themselves."
• What was the reason that induced Georgia to take the step of secession? This reason may be summed up in one single proposition. It was a conviction, a deep conviction on the part of Georgia, that a separation from the North-was the only thing that could prevent...
...the abolition of her slavery. This conviction, sir, was the main cause. It is true, sir, that the effect of this conviction was strengthened by a further conviction that such a separation would be the best remedy for the fugitive slave evil...
...and also the best, if not the only remedy, for the territorial evil. But, doubtless, if it had not been for the first conviction this step would never have been taken."
• "The People of hereby declare the following to be just causes of complaint on the part of the people of the southern States against their brethren of the northern, or non-slaveholding States...
...1. The people of the northern States have organized a political party, purely sectional in its character; the central and controlling idea of which is hostility to the institution of African slavery, as it exists in the southern States, and that party has elected a...
...President and Vice President of the United States, pledged to administer the government upon principles inconsistent with the rights, and subversive of the interests of the people of the southern States...
2. They have denied to the people of the southern States the right to an equal participation in the benefits of the common territories of the Union by refusing them the same protection to their slave property therein that is afforded to other property, and by declaring...
...that no more slave states shall be be admitted into the Union. They have by their prominent men and leaders, declared the doctrine of the irrepressible conflict, or the assertion of the principle that the institution of slavery is incompatible with freedom...
...and that both cannot exist at once, that this continent must be wholly free or wholly slave. They have, in one or more instances, refused to surrender negro thieves to the constitutional demand of the constituted authority of a sovereign State...
3. They have declared that Congress possesses under the constitution, & ought to exercise, the power to abolish slavery in the territories, in the District of Columbia, & in the forts, arsenals & dock-yards of the United States, within the limits of the slaveholding States...
4. They have, in disregard of their constitutional obligations, obstructed the faithful execution of the fugitive slave laws by enactments of their State legislatures...
...5. They have denied the citizens of southern States the right of transit through non-slaveholding States with their slaves, and the right to hold them while temporarily sojourning therein...
6. They have degraded American citizens by placing them upon an equality with negroes at the ballot box.
• "We but imitate the policy of our fathers in dissolving a union with non-slaveholding confederates, and seeking a confederation with slaveholding States."
• "What Southern man, be he slave-holder or non-slave-holder, can without indignation and horror contemplate the triumph of negro equality, and see his own sons and daughters, in the not distant future, associating with free negroes upon terms of political and social...
... equality, and the white man stripped, by the Heaven-daring hand of fanaticism of that title to superiority over the black race which God himself has bestowed?... The Federal Government has failed to protect the rights and property of the citizens of the South, and is...
...about to pass into the hands of a party pledged for the destruction, not only of their rights and property, but the equality of the States ordained by the Constitution, and the heaven-ordained superiority of the white over the black race...
...What remains, then, for the Southern States, and the people of these States, if they are loyal to the great principles of civil and religious liberty, sanctified by the sufferings of a seven-year’s war, and baptized with the blood of the Revolution?... Will the...
...people of the North cease to make war upon the institution of Slavery, and award to it the protection guaranteed by the Constitution?... Will the South give up the institution of slavery, and consent that her citizens be stripped of their property, her civilization...
...destroyed, the whole land laid waste by fire and sword? It is impossible; she can not, she will not. Then why attempt any longer to hold together hostile States under the stipulations of a violated Constitution? It is impossible; disunion is inevitable."
• "Instead of forming a more perfect union it has dissolved the Union by compelling the secession of one of its members and the anticipated secession of others. Instead of establishing justice it denies justice to fifteen of the States by...
...refusing to admit any more slave States into the Union, and by the enactment of laws to prevent the rendition of fugitive slaves."
• "Withdraw yourselves from such a confederacy; it is your right to do so - your duty to do so. I know not why the abolitionists should object to it, unless they want to torture and plunder you. If they resist this great sovereign right, make another war of independence."
• "The Rubicon is passed; and it shall never, with my consent, be recrossed. But in this sentiment I may be overruled by the people of my state and the other southern states. I may safely say, however, that nothing will satisfy them, or bring them back, short of a full and...
...explicit recognition of the guarantee of the safety of their institution of domestic slavery and the protection of the constitutional rights for which in the Union they have so long been contending."
• "It has been a conviction of pressing necessity, it has been a belief that we are to be deprived in the Union of the rights which our fathers bequeathed to us, which has brought Mississippi to her present decision. She has heard proclaimed the theory...
...that all men are created free and equal, and this made the basis of an attack upon her social institutions; and the sacred Declaration of Independence has been invoked to maintain the position of the equality of the races."
• "The irrepressible conflict propounded by abolitionism has produced now its legitimate fruits-- disunion. Free negro equality, which is its ultimate object, would make us re-enact the scenes of revolution and anarchy..."
• "The condition of slavery with us is, in a word, Mr. President, nothing but the form of civil government instituted for a class of people not fit to govern themselves. It is exactly what in every State exists in some form or other. It is just that kind of control which... extended in every northern State over its convicts, its lunatics, its minors, its apprentices. It is but a form of civil government for those who by their nature are not fit to govern themselves. We recognize the fact of the inferiority stamped upon that race of men... the Creator, and from the cradle to the grave, our Government, as a civil institution, marks that inferiority. In their subject and dependent state, they are not the objects of cruelty as they would be if left to the commission of crime, for which they should be...
...incarcerated in penitentiaries and work-houses, and put under hired overseers, having no interest in them and no relation to them, no affiliation, growing out of the associations of childhood and the tender care of age."
• "The crisis can only be met in one way effectually, in my judgment; and that is, for the northern people to review and reverse their whole policy upon the subject of slavery."
• "The wrongs under which the South is now suffering, and for which she seeks redress, seem to arise chiefly from a difference in our construction of the Constitution. You, Senators of the Republican party, assert, and your people whom you represent assert, that, under a...
...just and fair interpretation of the Federal Constitution, it is right that you deny that our slaves, which directly and indirectly involve a value of more than four thousand million dollars, are property at all, or entitled to protection in Territories."
• "You seek to bring an Inferior race in a condition of equality, socially and politically, with our own people...We want no negro equality, no negro citizenship; we want no negro race to degrade our own; and as one man [we]...
...would meet you upon the border with the sword in one hand and the torch in the other."
• Demands 5 constitutional amendments regarding only slavery, "If the non-slaveholding States refuse to comply with a demand so just & reasonable...every consideration of self-respect require that we should assert & maintain our equality in the Union, or independence out of it."

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6 Apr
@QueenMab87 In what way do the Dems do any of the 4? He's only right if you buy into the notion that the Dem party owes independents a right to access their funding, infrastructure, outreach, etc.
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Thread: A note about representation. RBG famously said there will be enough women on SCOTUS "when there are nine." Unfair? Cases decided by justices in the 1700s, 1800s, 1900s still have force of law. These are the white men of SCOTUS.
These are the SCOTUS justices who are/were not white men. /2
These are the Black SCOTUS justices. /3
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