“0.26 percent of interactions between police and civilians involve an officer drawing a weapon; 0.02 percent involve using a baton. These are rare events.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
“Partitioning the data in myriad ways, we find no evidence of racial discrimination in officer-involved shootings.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
“The data does more to provide a compelling case that there is no discrimination in officer involved shootings than it does to illuminate the reasons behind racial differences in non-lethal use of force.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
“By concentrating on how and whether force was used in an interaction and ignoring whether or not an interaction took place, one can misrepresent the total experience with police.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
“Blacks are almost 4 times more likely to be stopped by police relative to their population. Yet, this is difficult to interpret. As Fridell 2004 argues, “racial/ ethnic groups are not equivalent in nature and extent of their... law violating behavior.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
“The odds that blacks have an involuntary interaction with police is 8% less than whites.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
[In Houston]

“Blacks are 4.35 times more likely to be involved an officer involved shooting than non-blacks relative to their proportion in the 18-34 year old male population.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
“This estimate changes drastically to 1.01 - a 76.8 percent reduction - when the population defined “at risk” is the fraction of arrestees in felonies and misdemeanors.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
“Blacks are more likely to be arrested, conditional upon being stopped. When the outcome is whether or not contraband or a weapon was found, black stops are significantly less productive than whites and thus is evidence for potential bias.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
“The raw differences between races is large - perhaps too large - and it seems clear that one needs to account for at least some contextual factors at the time of a stop.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
“Blacks are almost eighteen percent more likely to incite any use of force in an interaction .... Hispanics are roughly twelve percent more likely. Both are statistically significant.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
“The use of high levels of force in these data is rare. Yet, it is consistently rarer for whites relative to blacks.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
“Blacks are 23.5 percent less likely to be shot by police, relative to whites in an interaction. Hispanics are 8.5 percent less likely to be shot but the coefficient is statistically insignificant.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
“Finally, when we include whether or not a suspect was found with a weapon or year fixed effects, the coefficients still suggest that, if anything, officers are less likely to shoot black suspects.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
“Controlling for all characteristics from incident reports, black suspects are 24.2 less likely to be shot than non-black suspects.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
“The empirical thought experiment here is that a police officer arrives at a scene and decides whether or not to use lethal force. Our estimates suggest this decision is not correlated with the race of the suspect.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
“Indeed, the majority of police shootings in our data occur during violent crimes or robberies and on these call types, blacks are less likely to be shot at first, if anything.”

scholar.harvard.edu/files/fryer/fi…
Incur*

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More from @MrNukemCocaine

11 Feb
Fuck your Capitol building.

Nothing is more sacred about the halls of the Capitol then the small businesses nationwide that were burned, looted, and ravaged during the Dem condoned protests of the summer.

The political classes disconnect from everyday America is ...

1/X
... is on full display, betraying their own delusion of their importance.

That we should hold them on a pedestal with some sort of reverence.

That somehow we should give a damn when protests went to the doors of their place of work.

2/X
.. they didn’t give a damn when your place of employment was shuddered.

They didn’t give a damn when your kids couldn’t go to school.

They didn’t give a damn when your place of worship closed.

They didn’t give a damn when your small business cratered.

Even now..

3/X
Read 7 tweets
10 Feb
Republicans lost the plot when they were complicit in allowing the Democrats to resist the first 3 years of Trump’s Presidency.

The trick has been convincing you the last 3 months of his Presidency happened in a vacuum.

Imagine expecting loyalty from him and his supporters.
Not being united behind Trump only strengthened the Dems & Est. that don’t want whats best for the future of this country.

The selfish interests of politicos undermined their own willingness to fight for the American people in the face of CoViD..

The righteous among us ...
.. abandoned the people to retain power.

To what end?

You reap what you sow.

The McCain’s, Ryan’s, Flakes, Romney’s, Burr’s, Warner’s, Collin’s, Murkowski’s etc... of the party are how we got here.

They want you to forget 2017-2019..
Read 6 tweets

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