The Chinese traveler to India Hiuen Tsang, is known to have visited Saurashtra area between 641 and 644 CE. According to Tsang’s observation, Somnath was a thickly populated city that had huge establishments of religious and economic activities.
Dandin’s Dashakumaracharita, which was written around the middle of 7th century CE, mentions a prosperous trader from Somnath, who had well-equipped ships to assist his trade. This points to the fact that Spmnath was a flourishing economic hub in ancient times.
The Arab writer Jaun-ul-Akbar of 11th century CE exclaims whole describing Somnath, "On the coast of Hindustan lies a big city named Sammath, It is as important to Hindus as is Mecca to Muslims."
Marco Polo, during his visit to India observes: "Semenat (Somnath) is a great kingdom towards the west. The people are Idolaters, and have a king and a language of their own, and pay tribute to nobody."
cont'd. "They are not corsairs, but live by trade and industry as honest people ought. It is a place of very great trade. They are forsooth cruel Idolaters."

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More from @RohiniSensei

7 May
A depiction of the kelulus, a type of naval warship used by the Majapahit thalassocracy, a Hindu Empire in Indonesia. Image
Tome Pires in 1515, exclaims in wonder:

"They are carved in a thousand and one ways, with figures of serpents, and gilt; they are ornamental. Each of them has many of these, and they are very much painted, and they certainly look well and are made in a very elegant way."
He further states in awe:

"They go out in triumphal cars, and if they go by sea [they go] in painted calaluzes (Portugese for Kalulus), so clean and ornamental, with so many canopies that the rowers are not seen by the lord;"
Read 6 tweets
6 May
The year is 1024.
After fierce resistance from valiant Hindu warriors, Mahmud of Ghazni emerges victorious, smashes the sacred Sivalinga and burns the beautiful temple - massacring 50,000 Hindus and plundering all the wealth. Image
After acquiring immense wealth over 20,000,000 dirhams and defeating almost every Hindu warrior in the way - Ghazni did something really illogical.

He did NOT return via the same old route he had invaded - he chose the difficult route via the perilous deserts of Sindh- Why? Image
The reason - FEAR.

Fear of encountering one of the MOST POWERFUL Hindu Emperors of Bharatavarsha during those times. His name and glory struck anxiety & fear in the heart of Ghazni & his men. Standing with a defeated & exhausted army, Ghazni feared utter defeat from his hands.
Read 10 tweets
4 May
The issue with the BJP is definitely not with the organisation itself.

The ground cadre & middle-ranked brass are as conservative as one could get in the mainstream.

The issue is surely the top brass - the one wielding the maximum political and executive power in the nation.
There have been many instances where BJP members have been more traditionalist than expected.

For example, one of the strongly opposed intercaste marriage of their relative: Image
Even Yogiji, (who has unfortunately been tainted with the evils of SJW-JaiBheemism & Sabhi-Dharma-Ek-Hai disease) was a firebrand traditionalist conservative going by mainstream standards.
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2 May
As if the political influence of these "trads" is any significant outside of Twitter. You can't blame them for the defeat.

Twitter is NOT an accurate representation of ground zero politics.

Had these "trads" been influential, many things in would have been different today.
For starters, why the heck was there no PUBLIC protest against the validation of the brutal SC-ST Act outside government buildings?
Secondly, why was there no protest against the reversal of the nationwide beef ban?

Thirdly, why was there no PUBLIC protest by Hindus (not politicians) against the massacres at Munger?

Fourth, why the heck has nobody protested against the 20 years arrest of Vishnu Tiwari?
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24 Apr
Mughals couldn't install water wheels in even 2% of their wells. Meanwhile the Vijayanagaras were building 100 feet high dams some of which are functioning even today. ImageImage
Slave-o-phobia, I guess. Image
Freaking thieves. Fine example of Islamic imperialism: Image
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22 Apr
A side-by-side comparison between Indian and European ships as described by Vasco Da Gama: Image
Nicole de Conti in 1420 CE: "The native of India build some ships larger than ours, capable of containing 2,000 butts. Some ships are so built in compartments that should one part be shattered, the other portion remaining, the same may accomplish the voyage".
Such was the fame of Indian shipbuilding capabilities that they were studied and acquired by the famed Chinese Admiral Zheng He, who sent his famous chronicler and interpreter Ma Huan, to Bengal’s shipbuilding yards, during the Ming dynasty in the early 15th century.
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