Tipu Sultan Martyrdom Day [Thread]
Life of #Tipusultan

On 4th May 1799, Sultan Tipu was martyred in the Battle of Srirangapatna against a British, Maratha, & Nizam Coalition Coalition. Sultan Fateh Ali Sahab Tipu famous as Tipu Sultan was also known as [1/16]
Tipu Sahab or the "Tiger of Mysore", was the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore based in South India. He is the only Indian-King who died fighting English Imperialism.[2/16]
Many historians regard him as the pioneer of rocket artillery. He used rocket artillery against advancing British forces & their allies during the Anglo-Mysore Wars. He expanded the iron-cased Mysorean rockets and commissioned the military manual Fathul Mujahidin. [3/16]
Today world remembers him for his bravery. As Kate Brittlebank writes,
"Reading descriptions of Tipu's military actions, one is struck by his fearlessness - never hesitating to plunge into the fray, leading attacks, harrying the enemy, disrupting their supply lines [4/16]
, thinking ahead to outwit his opposition. Yet he was not reckless, knowing when it was wiser to withdraw than continue against intractable odds. And his courage had been evident from an early age when as a young boy he began to accompany his father on military campaigns." [5/16]
Another aspect of his rule was his administrative innovations including introduction of coinage system, calendar, land revenue system. Under Silk industry of Mysore witness stunning growth.
Moreover is political vision and deep understanding of Geopolitics was tremendous. [6/16]
He reached out to all world powers in order to draw allies against Britishers. For this purpose, he sent envoys to the Ottoman Empire, France, Afghanistan & Iran. He wanted independence but for that, he needed legitimacy from Muslims' power circles. He reached out to [7/16]
Emperor Shah Alam but failed to achieve his goals due to the Emporer minister Majdud-ud-daulah (a British agent). But when it comes to ottoman supports to Tipu Sultan. Many critiques criticize ottoman for not supporting tipu but this was not the case. [8/16]
He sent a delegation to Caliph Abdul Hamid I, the delegation was led by Ghulam Ali Khan and included Lutf Ali Khan, Nurullah Khan, Jafar Khan, Sayyid Jafar and Khwaja Abdul Qadir. [9/16]
The objectives were clear
- To seek recognition from Sultan/Caliph
- To establish a Strategic Partnership with the Ottoman empire
- To seek military support from Ottoman against Britishers
He was the first from the sub-continent to get recognition from the ottoman Sultan as an independent king with the right to strike coins & to have Khutba read in his name. He was the first Indian Muslim monarch to receive a letter of investiture from the Ottoman Caliph.[11/16]
But why ottoman refused to support the tipu sultan militarily due to the geopolitical dynamics of that time. Dr. Yakoob Ahmed (Ottoman Historian) and many others have written on this subject. Multiple Geo-political reasons influenced this decision [12/16]
Infact After the unsuccessful siege of Vienna in 1683, the Ottoman Empire began to lose its power against Europeans,the Austro-Ottoman wars, fresh conflict with the Russian empire & in all this Britishers were the only power who supported Ottomans against Russia & Austria[13/16]
They supported him to the extent they could have.
But the real betrayal was deep-rooted at home. He was the last Indian Muslim King who died waging Jihad against European Forces. [14/16]
Let his memories inspire us in the fight for justice and dignity.
"It is far better to live like a lion for a day than to live like a jackal for hundred years". Tipu Sultan
(Pic of Sword of Tipu Sultan) [15/16]
Khwaja Abdul Qadir 2005
Özcan 1997
Mark Vi'ilk, South_ Indian History, vol, IV, Delhi, 1980,
Sharma Rao, Modern Mysore, Bangalore, 1936

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