The Han Shu ("Book of the Han"), is the official history of the Chinese Han dynasty. Finished in 111AD, this book covers from from 206BC to 23AD, and tells us about the formation of the Kushan state.
Han Shu describes that after the fall of king Heliocles, Bactrian kingdoms (called "Ta-hsia" in Chinese sources), the "Yüeh-Chi" established five principalities in their domains, one of them called Kushan ("Kuei-shuang").
These principalities were ruled by five different tribes named "yabghu" ("hsi-hou") but the majority of the settled population was Bactrian, Greeks and others. Kushans continued with their conquests, taking Kabul ("Kao-fu") from the Parthians, as well as other lands to the...
south of the Hindukush. The ruler who began this process is called "Ch´iu-chiu-ch´ueh" (probably Kujula Kadphises), and was followed by "Yen-kao-chen" (Vima Kadphises). Then, because of internal troubles, unfortunately Chinese information about events in the Kushan Empire ceases.

"The Heritage of Central Asia: From Antiquity to the Turkish Expansion" by Richard N. Frye. Page 134.

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3 May
Thread on the Arab-Islamic Conquest of Central Asia

Here we are not going to discuss the Islamic Conquest per se rather the diverse political organizations in the regions of Khorâsân, Tukhâristan and Farârud (Transoxiana) Arabs came across and how they dealt with them.
In the mid-seventh century, the armies of the Arab-Muslim conquest first entered Khorasan and quickly spread up to and beyond the Sassanian borders. As they headed east they encountered at least three distinct zones zones representing different forms of political order.
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Ahmad Donish (Bukhara 1826-1897) was one of the most important Central Asian modernizing Tajik scholars who served several successive Bukharan Emirs. Dissatisfied by the level of education offered in Bukhara´s traditional institutes of Islamic learning, he became an autodidact... Image
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I love Narshakhi´s "History of Bukhara" (10th century). It is a good example of Iranian reawekening. Originally composed in Arabic language, it served the Samanids by associating the former Sogdian/Bactrian lands with the admired pre-Islamic Persian culture of the Sassanians.
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Thread on Muqanna´s anti-Arab revolt in Khorasan

In 773 AD, a preacher and skilled magician of Soghdian or Bactrian origin, led a rebellion against the Abbasid Caliphate, beginning in the city of Bukhara. Islamic sources called him "Al Muqanna": "The veiled one". Image
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