My wishes to those observing #BuddhaPurnima today, which marks the birth of the #Buddha in the 6th century BC.

#Buddhism once wielded significant influence across India. This #thread explores some of the reasons for the #DeclineOfBuddhism in India, and its attempts at a revival.
#Buddhism grew out of a reformist urge to radically reinvent Brahmanical-Hinduism, and reached the peak of its influence under the Mauryan Empire (323 BC-185 BC).
The Mauryan Emperor Ashoka, embraced Buddhism as his personal faith, almost 300 years after the birth of the #Buddha.
The Shunga Dynasty (185 BC-73 BC) that succeeded the Mauryans sought to displace their influence. #Buddhism came under severe stress, particularly under the first Shunga monarch Pushyamitra.
Though certainly exaggerated, Buddhist accounts describe mass slaughters and persecution.
Temple desecration and destruction has been documented subsequently as well. As a result, all branches of #Buddhism retreated to the peripheries of the Shunga kingdom, as it strove to re-establish Brahmanical supremacy in faith and government.…
The large scale destruction and/or conversion of Buddhist Vihāras was most likely affected during this period.
#Buddhism revived and flourished during the reigns of the Kushans (30 AD-375 AD) and others, though its influence became more embedded in commerce, trade and manufacturing during this period.
Nonetheless, theological tussles continued well into the Gupta period (approximately 250 AD- 550 AD) as Brahmanical supremacy was restored whilst #Buddhism continued to be practised.
By the time #Islam arrived on the Indian sub-continent in the 7th century AD, Buddhism was already in decline. The first encounters between Islam and the followers of the #Buddha were not overtly hostile ones, and Buddhists aided the Arab armies in Sindh, even at personal risk.
Islam’s early interactions with an already weakened and diluted #Buddhism, was rarely hostile. Fabrications about the sack of Nalanda aside, the truth is more nuanced and less studied than the hype.
Do listen to this excellent podcast to know more.…
Here is a well argued and scholarly article by Nivedita Menon, rebutting Arun Shourie’s claims about the sack of Nalanda by Bakhtiar Khalji.
Nalanda had been sacked by non-Islamicate armies long before Bakhtiar Khalji arrived on the scene.…
The amalgamation of #Buddhism and #Jainism into Brahmanical #Hinduism continued irrespective of the advent of #Islam in India.
So much so that certain perspectives even deny their recognition as a separate religion.
An excellent piece by @jaiminismésumé-o…
The modern Indian state saw a political revival around Buddhism, notably around the conversion of the Dalit icon Dr. BR Ambedkar who famously converted to #Buddhism, in 1956, along with 365,000 of his followers.
Many #Buddhist groups - as well as a member of India’s Union Government Ramdas Athavale - have claimed that the disputed Ram Mandir site in Ayodhya rests on the original site of a #Buddha Vihāra.…
The modern Indian state has seen regular mass-conversions, most often of members of Dalit communities to #Buddhism.
A notable case occurred in UP in 2018.
Additional Sources:
• Political Violence in Ancient India. Prof. Upendra Singh 2017
• INDIA, a History. John Keay
• The Decline of Buddhism in India. KTS Sarao…

• • •

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh

Keep Current with Yusuf A Ahmad Ansari یوسف انصاری

Yusuf A Ahmad Ansari یوسف انصاری Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!


Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @yusufpore

27 May
Today marks the 57th anniversary of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s death.
Many of those, whose lives he directly touched are still with us today.
This thread is a humble tribute to the life of a man who led #India from a feudal-colony to becoming a democratic Republic.
#Nehru 🌹 Image
Born on 14th November 1889, in Allahabad, Pandit Nehru was educated at Harrow in England and Trinity College, Cambridge. He studied law at Inner Temple Inn, London in 1910.
In 1912 he returned to Allahabad to practise law at the Allahabad High Court as an advocate.
#Nehru Image
His father Pandit Motilal Nehru was already an established lawyer with a highly-successful practise and enjoyed a formidable professional reputation. The family lived in a palatial town-house, Anand Bhawan in Allahabad. Motilal Nehru wished to see his son succeed as a lawyer too. Image
Read 28 tweets
16 May
As promised, here is a bibliographical thread of books recommended - as introductory readings - for anyone interested in the life & reign of the Emperor #Aurangzeb Alamgīr (R.A.).
Some of these include suggestions with relevant essays related to his life.
#History #Mughals #books
The Ruka’āt-i-Alamgīri is a collection of his letters to members of the Imperial family, #Mughal noblemen and others.
A must read for anyone interested in an assessment of the Emperor as a family patriarch, administrator and ruler. Easy to read and available to order online.
Sir Jadunath Sarkar’s 5 volume biography of the Mughal Emperor “The History of Aurangzib” also has an abridged version by that prodigious #historian. I recommend this abridged version - readily available - for beginners. A critical assessment of his life but essential reading.
Read 6 tweets
15 May
Shakha level research yields sub-standard history. Particularly when you copy-paste items off the internet, instead of applying historiographical methodology.
Let us bust this provocative assertion on the basis of historical relevance, and accuracy.

Enjoy! 😊
#History 🧵
As usual Mr Bharadwaj has failed to give sources.
For those interested, the source is “The Travels of Ibn Battuta Vol III”, translated by the Orientalist Sir Hamilton Gibb.
Curiously, our pamphleteer appears to have lifted the screenshot from a post by someone else on Pinterest!
It is also a post he puts up annually, like a ritual, to degrade a festival sacred to Muslims. However some of these end up being deleted, with the links not working. Yet, the same blasted post features every year; year on year.
Read 15 tweets
24 Apr
Right-wing influencers continue to lie to the public over the #CoronaPandemic mismanagement in India.
Here @KanganaTeam deliberately misleads people by suggesting the setting up of #oxygen plants was the responsibility of state governments. The truth is different.
The Union Government took a full 8 months to just invite bids for tenders to set up oxygen plants in India.
An investigation by journalists @VijaytaL and @psychia90 for @scroll_in, revealed the autonomous CMS Society under @MoHFW_INDIA only opened bidding on 21st October 2020!
The entire project from start to finish, was the responsibility of the Union Government, and State governments had nothing to do with it!
Furthermore the budget outlay, (from the PM CARES Fund), was a relatively paltry sum of ₹201.58 crores.
@CMOMaharashtra @AUThackeray
Read 9 tweets
23 Apr
India’s far-Right Supremacists move in predictive ways their propaganda to propound.
Mr. @Abhina_Prakash - a Right-wing academic - made the following claims, about #AIIMS.
Let us examine these claims and ‘feather’ the truth around the sophistry displayed here.

#Thread #FakeNews
Using a table from Wikipedia as his source, he claims former PM Dr. Manmohan Singh “will not be judged kindly” as he only established 1 AIIMS in his 10 year tenure as PM.
The obfuscation between “Announcement” with “Establishment” is of course a deliberate ploy, as we shall see.
The Vajpayee led NDA merely “announced” the establishment of the 6 AIIMS listed in the table, during Vajpayee’s last 15th August speech at Red Fort, 6 months before 2004 LS elections.
Cabinet approval for the AIIMS was only given by Dr. Manmohan Singh’s government, in 2006!
Read 8 tweets
20 Apr
Today marks the 495th anniversary of the first Battle of #Panipat, fought between a Timurid army led by Zaheer-ud Din Mohammad #Babur and the Afghan king Ibrahim Lodi.
This engagement had a profound impact on the #history of the Indian sub-continent and Islamicate Asia.

The Lodis were the 5th of a succession of Islamic dynasties (collectively known as the Delhi Sultanate) that had ruled Delhi since 1206, for more than 300 years prior to Babur’s advance upon it, in 1526. Until then he had merely raided as far as the frontiers of the Punjab.
#Babur, like other Timurids before him, felt a legitimate claim on Hindustan after its conquest in 1398-99 by Temür, which effectively ended the already tottering Tughlaq Sultanate following the fall of Delhi.
Not until 1451 and the rise of the Lodis, did Delhi recover.
Read 17 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Too expensive? Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal Become our Patreon

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us on Twitter!