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10 Jun, 5 tweets, 2 min read
7 layers of Tvaka are from gross anatomical view point based on color/texture. And it's difficult to comprehend such minute detailing in ancient times without aid to eye (I suspect that they had some aid). Still more amazing is ancient embryology.
However, drawing parallel with current version is tricky. Many have tried & there's partial success. Yet, it's still some leap of faith. For ex..
In quoted study, prima facie, I find missing out of Lohita (2nd) layer. One can't miss something from in between.
Another issue is with layer 5 & 6.
They seemingly fit nicely with superficial (papillary) & deep (reticular) dermis.
But there's no clear demarcation between them even under microscope.
Junction isn't sharp but undulating & progressive with depth.
Also BOTH have nerves & vessels.
Unlike what is implied by their ancient name...Vedini (sensory) & Rohini (vascular)
Also that 1st layer - avabhasini may correlate with both Lucidum & Corneum as both are translucent/ reflective.
But 4th layer - Tamra appears correct due to melanin pigment & correlates with Basal
Many have tried to draw parallel of Ida, Pingla& sushumna with nervous plexus around spinal cord. Pineal gland with ajna cakra etc. But something of subtle plane will find no gross correlation.
Anatomy &Surgery r 2 branches where we can find most correlation

Another take on this

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More from @dr_gsharma

11 Jun
Allopathy
This topic is literally a minefield.
Just putting 2 cents before I go back to safety.😊
"Allopathy" now thought of as a synonym of "modern medicine" got its name in 1810 actually as a "cuss-word" or at least as derogatory by Samuel Hahnemann, the inventor of homeopathy.
It literally means "other than the disease" which he called for "Heroic medicine", the traditional European medicine of the time& a precursor to modern medicine, that did not rely on evidence of effectiveness!
It was seen as symptomatic treatment as "opposites treating opposites"
He called this practice of treating diseases by means of drugs producing symptoms opposite to those of the patient "enantiopathic" (from the Greek ἐνάντιος (enántios), meaning "opposite") or "antipathic medicine"

His "Homeo" treatment is based on the principle of "same"
Read 12 tweets
11 Jun
A brief story of origin of indigenous medicine of Bharata:

By modern estimates Adikala / primal age before Ayurveda is said to be "at least" 5th millennium BC to 2300/1700 BC.

But All ancient seers state one fact unanimously -
Ayurveda is sahwata / eternal with no beginning.+
Brahma, after creation, taught "science of life" - Ayurveda to Prajapati.
Prajapati then transfered this knowledge to Ashwini Kumars, who are celestial physicians.
They then imparted this knowledge to Indra.

There are 3 documented instances where Rishis learnt this from Indra.+
1. Dhanwantari appeared at the end of the 'Churning of the Ocean'
He is said to be initial Avatar of Vishnu & is among first one to get this knowledge from Indra.
His specialty was Shalya Chikitsa / Surgery.
Read 23 tweets
10 Jun
On a related note..
In recently published study, there's a risk of disappearing of knowledge of medicinal plants as human languages become extinct.
30% of 7400 languages on Earth are expected to disappear by end of the century.
This is something similar to what has happened to us
"Over 75% of all 12,495 medicinal plant services are linguistically unique. Whereas most plant species associated with linguistically unique knowledge are not threatened, most languages that report linguistically unique knowledge are."
pnas.org/content/118/24…
"In one of the great tragedies of our age, indigenous traditions, stories, cultures and knowledge are winking out across the world.
Whole languages and mythologies are vanishing, and in some cases even entire indigenous groups are falling into extinction."
news.mongabay.com/2015/06/amazon…
Read 5 tweets

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