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11 Jun, 12 tweets, 2 min read
This topic is literally a minefield.
Just putting 2 cents before I go back to safety.😊
"Allopathy" now thought of as a synonym of "modern medicine" got its name in 1810 actually as a "cuss-word" or at least as derogatory by Samuel Hahnemann, the inventor of homeopathy.
It literally means "other than the disease" which he called for "Heroic medicine", the traditional European medicine of the time& a precursor to modern medicine, that did not rely on evidence of effectiveness!
It was seen as symptomatic treatment as "opposites treating opposites"
He called this practice of treating diseases by means of drugs producing symptoms opposite to those of the patient "enantiopathic" (from the Greek ἐνάντιος (enántios), meaning "opposite") or "antipathic medicine"

His "Homeo" treatment is based on the principle of "same"
Heroic medicine was based on the belief that disease is caused by imbalance of 4 "humours" (blood, phlegm, yellow bile & black bile) & sought to treat disease symptoms by correcting that imbalance, using "harsh and abusive" methods to induce symptoms opposite to those of diseases
Heroic medicine was based on Greek theory from Galen, a doctor during the Roman Empire, that you became ill when the '4 Humours' became unbalanced.
Hippocrates, Father of Medicine was born around 460 BC. He based his medical practice on observations.
He believed in rationality.
Although Greek infamously gave rise to the birth of modern medicine & Hippocrates from Greece itself, rectified its incorrect approach, large part of history of medicine is unfortunately forgotten.
In 2600 BC, Egyptian Imhotep describes the diagnosis and treatment of 200 diseases
This knowledge of diseases & medicine kept coming & going in most of the civilizations along with their empires.
There are few intervening bright spots like Hippocrates but recently Louis Pasteur, Robert Koch, Florence Nightingale gave much push to rational practice of medicine.
Most modern science-based medical treatments (antibiotics, vaccines & chemotherapeutics etc) do not fit Samuel Hahnemann's definition of allopathy as they seek to prevent illness, or alleviate an illness by eliminating its cause.
This has lead us now to Evidence based Medicine.
Since this recent rise of western medicine is concurrent with gradual loss of culture & knowledge of indigenous medicines & often also being causal to latter, it has become widespread today.
History is always distorted in written records& it's easier to stomp on oral traditions.
So if we look closely on individual breakthrough modern research we will find traces of lost ancient knowledge.
Asprin's active ingredient is acetylsalicylic acid. But this chemical name hides the fact that bark of willow tree was boiled & given for pain & fever in ancient time!
Fleming in 1928, noticed that a mould develop over a culture plate & inhibit bacterial growth.
The active ingredient was penicillin & this laid the foundation of the discovery of the 1st antibiotic.
But it's known that ancient Egyptians applied mouldy bread to infected wounds!
Few still believe in agenda of borrowing, stealing, copying, appropriation & patenting as tool to grow upon & then discredit the ancient discoveries & knowledge.
But many are still aware of their roots & want to bridge this gap of ancient & new.

Today there's no "Allopathy"

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More from @dr_gsharma

11 Jun
A brief story of origin of indigenous medicine of Bharata:

By modern estimates Adikala / primal age before Ayurveda is said to be "at least" 5th millennium BC to 2300/1700 BC.

But All ancient seers state one fact unanimously -
Ayurveda is sahwata / eternal with no beginning.+
Brahma, after creation, taught "science of life" - Ayurveda to Prajapati.
Prajapati then transfered this knowledge to Ashwini Kumars, who are celestial physicians.
They then imparted this knowledge to Indra.

There are 3 documented instances where Rishis learnt this from Indra.+
1. Dhanwantari appeared at the end of the 'Churning of the Ocean'
He is said to be initial Avatar of Vishnu & is among first one to get this knowledge from Indra.
His specialty was Shalya Chikitsa / Surgery.
Read 23 tweets
10 Jun
7 layers of Tvaka are from gross anatomical view point based on color/texture. And it's difficult to comprehend such minute detailing in ancient times without aid to eye (I suspect that they had some aid). Still more amazing is ancient embryology.
However, drawing parallel with current version is tricky. Many have tried & there's partial success. Yet, it's still some leap of faith. For ex..
In quoted study, prima facie, I find missing out of Lohita (2nd) layer. One can't miss something from in between.
Another issue is with layer 5 & 6.
They seemingly fit nicely with superficial (papillary) & deep (reticular) dermis.
But there's no clear demarcation between them even under microscope.
Junction isn't sharp but undulating & progressive with depth.
Also BOTH have nerves & vessels.
Read 5 tweets
10 Jun
On a related note..
In recently published study, there's a risk of disappearing of knowledge of medicinal plants as human languages become extinct.
30% of 7400 languages on Earth are expected to disappear by end of the century.
This is something similar to what has happened to us
"Over 75% of all 12,495 medicinal plant services are linguistically unique. Whereas most plant species associated with linguistically unique knowledge are not threatened, most languages that report linguistically unique knowledge are."…
"In one of the great tragedies of our age, indigenous traditions, stories, cultures and knowledge are winking out across the world.
Whole languages and mythologies are vanishing, and in some cases even entire indigenous groups are falling into extinction."…
Read 5 tweets

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