Branches Of Philosophy (Part 2)
1. Metaphysics

The name ‘Metaphysics’ is derived from the Greek words ‘Meta’, which means beyond or after, and ‘Physika’, which means physics

It is that branch of philosophy which goes beyond the realms of science
Aristotle, one of the most well-known philosophers, acknowledged Thales as the first known metaphysician.

Some metaphysical questions are:

What is the meaning of life?
What is our place in the universe?
What is consciousness?
Does the world really exist?
MetaPhysics is further spilt into 3 sections

Ontology – The study of being or existence

Natural Theology – The study of God and creation

Universal Science – The study of first principles like the law of identity
2. Epistemology

Derived from the Greek word episteme, meaning knowledge or understanding,

Epistemology refers to the nature and origin of knowledge and truth

Epistemology investigates the origin, structure, methods, and integrity of knowledge
Epistemological questions include:

How can we escape skepticism?

Can we know anything, or are we

just doomed to have a series of opinions?

Epistemology proposes that there are four main bases of knowledge: divine revelation, experience, logic and reason, and intuition
3. Axiology

Axiology is the branch of philosophy that considers the study of principles and values.

These values are divided into two main kinds: ethics and aesthetics

a.) Aesthetics deals with sense, perception, and appreciation of beauty
Aesthetics questions the definition and value of art

Symbolism, romanticism, classicism are the various theories associated with aesthetics

Some questions in Aesthetics include

What is your favourite work of art?

How would you describe your relationship with it?
b.) Ethics is the questioning of morals and personal values

It is concerned with the definition of right and wrong

Ethics seeks to understand the basis of morals, how they develop, and how they are and should be followed
Some ethical questions include:

Are you willing to take another person job by working for a wage less than what he or she needs to survive? If you are then you are unethical?

Ethics can be further classified into:

Meta-ethics – Studies the foundation of moral values
Normative Ethics – Examines what actions are right and wrong

Applied Ethics – Deals with morally correct actions in various human fields, for example – professional, business and environmental ethics
4. Philosophical anthropology

Here we find concepts such as self, dignity,

purpose, self-knowledge, freedom, and obligation

Questions in philosophical anthropology might include:

What am I?

What is the human person?

Is my selfhood dependent upon my relation to others?
5. Logic

Logic is the branch of philosophy that seeks to organize reasoning

It is concerned with the various forms of reasoning and arriving at genuine conclusions

System of statements and arguments

It tries to avoid the imaginary or assumptions without real logical proof
Note: These categories are not mutually exclusive or absolute.

For example, when Socrates declares that

the unexamined life is not worth living

for a human being he is making a claim

both about what a human being is, that is,

a claim in philosophical anthropology...
and a claim about how a human being

should behave, that is, a claim in ethics.
I'll leave you with some interesting philosophical questions to think upon

1. What do you believe but cannot prove?
2. Would you rather be born smart or become smart?
3. Why Do We Create Art?
4. What harsh truths do you prefer to ignore?

Try to answer them below in comments
If you are sincere and devoted enough to seek the truth, you may join

No charges for now…
Thank you for reading. Will release part 3 of the thread course in coming days.

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