Neither Mr. Jinnah nor any other leader was unique in recognising the threats posed by Hindutva. The Mahasabha and it’s affiliates likely hated Gandhi more than any other individual. It did not require a “visionary” to see this, by any means! So @asadowaisi is correct.
The creation of Pakistan was by no means uncontested. Mr. Jinnah was never - not even in parts of what came to comprise Pakistan - the sole voice of India’s Muslims. Punjab was firmly Unionist, until 1942 and further, Princely States like Arcot did not even consider his politics.
Minority rights in India have always been open to debate and the problems of under representation continue, and have been exacerbated under the present regime. Again, the avowed intent of the present regime is what it is, but we continually confront that through democratic means.
Just recently, the BJP has been trounced in Assembly elections in West Bengal, despite a highly polarising campaign. Muslim political parties are in robust health; in the form of the @iumlofficial, @AIUDFOfficial and the @aimim_national in different parts of the country and…
…growing, not contracting.
Representation in the civil services, armed forces and other public sector enterprises requires a more stringent approach but please remember it was our own government that commissioned the Sacchar Committee and its report and implemented some of…
…it’s recommendations through minority departments, in provincial governments.
Conversely, in Pakistan one region has over-arching dominance over the resources of the State. For example Punjabis alone form 65% of the officer classes and 70% of other ranks in the Pakistan Army…
The allocation of resources are also based on Federal bias’. You have the example of Balochistan where over 40% live in extreme poverty but only 13% of its households receive fiscal aid through official Income Support Programmes.
My more focused point is that the travails of…
…India’s Muslims, temporary or permanent, should not be seen as a validation of Mr. Jinnah’s ideas. Rather the state of Pakistan’s development, it’s fragile democracy, terrible record of minority and women’s rights, only reinforce a belief in a vast section of Muslims that…
…Mr. Jinnah’s policy was a monumental blunder.
@asadowaisi
Sources:
• Pakistan: The Balochistan Conundrum. Tilak Devasher

• Legacy of a Divided Nation. Mushirul Hasan

• The Jamestown Foundation: Vol 3 Issue 42. Hasan Abbas.

• • •

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More from @yusufpore

29 Jun
How many know that albeit briefly, the @iumlofficial once had a Chief Minister of its own?
C. H. Muhammad Koya was CM of Kerala from 12th October 1979 until the 1st of December 1979.
He also held the portfolios for Home, Finance, Education both before and after his CM’ship. Image
The first Muslim Chief Minister in India was M.O.H. Farook Maricar; the youngest ever CM of any UT in India and was a 3-time CM of Puducherry, (then Pondicherry), first in 1967.
He also served as Union Minister in Congress governments and was Ambassador and Governor many times. Image
The longest serving Muslim Chief Minister of any state of the Union was Congress leader, Barkatullah Khan Saheb of Jodhpur. He was elected CM of Rajasthan in 1971 and served in that position, until his death in office in 1973. Image
Read 8 tweets
25 Jun
No Muslim should be made to feel apologetic about their personal political affiliation, outside of the right-wing or parties whose avowed and manifest intention is to erase Islam from India.
Every region, state, locality of our country has its own particular political dynamics…
…and as equal citizens of the Democratic Republic of India it is our right to participate robustly and our responsibility to strengthen democracy in society.
One of the means to do this is to participate as much as possible in democratic processes, such as elections and…
…remain active in the decision-making processes of as many political parties and forums as possible.
Political representation for us cannot become isolated, and the prejudices of a few must not stop us from being equal negotiators and participants in the internal politics…
Read 6 tweets
27 May
Today marks the 57th anniversary of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s death.
Many of those, whose lives he directly touched are still with us today.
This thread is a humble tribute to the life of a man who led #India from a feudal-colony to becoming a democratic Republic.
#Nehru 🌹
Born on 14th November 1889, in Allahabad, Pandit Nehru was educated at Harrow in England and Trinity College, Cambridge. He studied law at Inner Temple Inn, London in 1910.
In 1912 he returned to Allahabad to practise law at the Allahabad High Court as an advocate.
#Nehru
His father Pandit Motilal Nehru was already an established lawyer with a highly-successful practise and enjoyed a formidable professional reputation. The family lived in a palatial town-house, Anand Bhawan in Allahabad. Motilal Nehru wished to see his son succeed as a lawyer too.
Read 29 tweets
26 May
My wishes to those observing #BuddhaPurnima today, which marks the birth of the #Buddha in the 6th century BC.

#Buddhism once wielded significant influence across India. This #thread explores some of the reasons for the #DeclineOfBuddhism in India, and its attempts at a revival.
#Buddhism grew out of a reformist urge to radically reinvent Brahmanical-Hinduism, and reached the peak of its influence under the Mauryan Empire (323 BC-185 BC).
The Mauryan Emperor Ashoka, embraced Buddhism as his personal faith, almost 300 years after the birth of the #Buddha.
The Shunga Dynasty (185 BC-73 BC) that succeeded the Mauryans sought to displace their influence. #Buddhism came under severe stress, particularly under the first Shunga monarch Pushyamitra.
Though certainly exaggerated, Buddhist accounts describe mass slaughters and persecution.
Read 15 tweets
16 May
As promised, here is a bibliographical thread of books recommended - as introductory readings - for anyone interested in the life & reign of the Emperor #Aurangzeb Alamgīr (R.A.).
Some of these include suggestions with relevant essays related to his life.
#History #Mughals #books
The Ruka’āt-i-Alamgīri is a collection of his letters to members of the Imperial family, #Mughal noblemen and others.
A must read for anyone interested in an assessment of the Emperor as a family patriarch, administrator and ruler. Easy to read and available to order online.
Sir Jadunath Sarkar’s 5 volume biography of the Mughal Emperor “The History of Aurangzib” also has an abridged version by that prodigious #historian. I recommend this abridged version - readily available - for beginners. A critical assessment of his life but essential reading.
Read 6 tweets
15 May
Shakha level research yields sub-standard history. Particularly when you copy-paste items off the internet, instead of applying historiographical methodology.
Let us bust this provocative assertion on the basis of historical relevance, and accuracy.

Enjoy! 😊
#History 🧵
As usual Mr Bharadwaj has failed to give sources.
For those interested, the source is “The Travels of Ibn Battuta Vol III”, translated by the Orientalist Sir Hamilton Gibb.
Curiously, our pamphleteer appears to have lifted the screenshot from a post by someone else on Pinterest!
It is also a post he puts up annually, like a ritual, to degrade a festival sacred to Muslims. However some of these end up being deleted, with the links not working. Yet, the same blasted post features every year; year on year.
Read 15 tweets

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