#OnThisDay July 14, 1885 Sarah E. Goode was one of the first Black women to receive a patent.

Don't know about Sarah E. Goode?

Glad you asked.

Regrettably, there is very little that is known about Sarah Goode. Some biographies said she was born enslaved, others said she was a "free" person. What we DO know is she was a legal and business trailblazer.
Sarah Elisabeth Goode (1855?-1905) was one of the first African-American women to receive a patent from the United States government. She was granted a patent for a folding cabinet bed on July 14, 1885.

Ever see a "murphy bed"? She invented the precursor to THAT!
In all likelihood, she was born and was enslaved. By by 1860, she was living as a free person in Toledo, Ohio. She moved to Chicago in 1870 and, by 1880, was married to Archibald Goode, a carpenter/stair builder. The couple had children, but it's unclear how many.
Listen. It was TIGHT living in Chicago, IL. There was very little space for furniture, much less a whole bed.

This Black woman came up with a solution.

She invented a folding bed that would become the precursor to the Murphy Bed - a hide-away bed. It was a cabinet bed which folded into a roll-top desk which had compartments for writing supplies and stationery.
One author said " [A] Black woman, Sarah E. Goode, patented a writing desk that unfolded to make a single bed. Goode's invention responded to a late nineteenth-century [Victorian] demand for furniture that served more than one purpose."
In 2012, the Sarah E. Goode STEM Academy, a science and math-focused high school, was opened in her honor on the south side of Chicago. It is part of the Chicago Public Schools Urban Model High School.
Goode's contributions were also recognized by a 2001 Virginia resolution establishing February 25 as a day to celebrate Black scientists and inventors.
I know. You're saying to yourself "it's just a patent for a folding bed." Do you know there were LAWS banning Black people from having their scientific and technological contributions patented? Sarah Goode ignored ALL that.
She was the second known African-American woman to receive a United States patent, which she received in 1885. The first known African-American woman to receive a patent was Judy W. Reed in1884, but Reed only signed her patent with her mark (an X) and not her signature.
Sarah Goode died in 1905.

Rest in peace and power, Queen.


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More from @JamesMWilliam18

16 Jul
#OnThisDay 1944 Irene Morgan Kirkaldy, a Black woman, is arrested in Virginia for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger on an interstate Greyhound bus.

What was this all about?

#GladYouAsked Image
Black people have been fighting segregation in public travel for years. Homer Plessy, a Black man, refused to give up his seat on a segregated train. Ida B. Wells refused to do the same. The first broad bus boycott by Black ppl was in Baton Rouge, LA in 1953. ImageImage
Ms. Morgan, a Black woman, purchased a Greyhound ticket that day in Gloucester, Virginia, boarded the bus, and took a seat in the assigned "Black section."
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16 Jul
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Don't know about Ida B. Wells-Barnett?

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If you don't read ANY of my #OnThisDay or #GladYouAsked threads from beginning until the end, I respectfully ask you do so today. When I found out she attended Fisk University for a minute . . . 🤩🤩
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15 Jul

As a former conservator in my life, I am glad that FINALLY the federal government is taking a look at how conservatorships are run and operated. This is only my experience in DC and MD.

I was a conservator to my late mom, grand ma and a friend.
My mother had Alzheimer's, and lived with me the last 5 years of her life. I was her conservator the last seven times she took a turn around the sun. Image
My grand mother was old and needed help after some folks were stealing her money. I was her conservator the last four years of her life, and she lived with me then, too. Image
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15 Jul
#OnThisDay July 15, 1867 Maggie Lena Walker, entrepreneur and civic leader, was born in Richmond, VA. She was the first Black woman to found a bank, the St. Luke Penny Savings Bank.

Who was Maggie Lena Walker?

Glad you asked.

#GladYouAsked Image
Born to enslaved parents, her mother worked as a laundress and her father as a butler in a popular Richmond hotel. Walker’s father was killed + she got a job to help with the bills. Although his death was ruled a suicide, she always believed he was murdered.
After graduation she taught school. upon graduation, began teaching. She stepped down from teaching after she married a successful brick maker. When Walker was 14, she joined the Independent Order of St. Luke’s, an Black group that helped the sick and elderly in Richmond.
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15 Jul
#OnThisDay July 15, 1869 Captain A.J. Hayne, a Black man who led a Union regment during the Civil War, was assassinated by a member of the Ku Klux Klan.

Who was Captain A.J. Hayne?

Glad you asked.

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This one required quite a lot of digging. YES, Captain Hayne was a Black man - fair skinned with blue eyes - but there is very little known about his back ground before enlisting in the military during the Civil War.
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13 Jul
#OnThisDay July 13, 1985 civil rights fighter and tennis legend Arthur Ashe was inducted in to the International Tennis Hall of Fame.

Who was Arthur Ashe?

Glad you asked.

#GladYouAsked ImageImage
Full disclosure. As a junior editorial assistant at a university press, Mr. Ashe made a presentation for his book on the Black athlete. As a University press, that really wasn't in our wheelhouse, but it took all the strength of my ancestors not to pass out. THIS WAS ARTHUR ASHE.
Arthur Ashe was born in Richmond, VA in 1943. He had a brother, Johnnie, who was 5 years younger. Both brothers were born into a family that claimed direct descent from Amar, a West African woman who was enslaved and brought to America in 1735 aboard a ship called The Doddington.
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