#TodayinHistory The 2nd Battle of Guam begins in 1944 as the US forces recapture the Pacific Island after a month long battle, following Japan's capture of this island in 1941, after Pearl Harbor. One of the bloodiest battles of the Pacific that saw around 21,000 killed.
The American forces initially had a tough time on Guam, lack of amphibious vehicles, they had to wade ashore from the reef, right into Japanese fire. Most of them were killed on the beaches.
However as the American forces secured the beachheads, the Japanese withdrew into the inlands, that had thick jungles. Along with the rain this made it hard for the Americans, however by 2-4 August they managed to break through.
By August 10, the American forces had managed to secure Guam, as all the major Japanese officers committed suicide. It would later become a key Allied base in the Pacific War.

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More from @HistorifyToday

23 Jul
“Your name?”- Azad
“Your father’s name”?- “Azadi”
“Where do you live?”-“In Prison”
#ChandrashekharAzad one of the greatest revolutionary heroes ever, a man who defied the British till the end.
Thread on his Jayanti today. Image
Chandrashekhar Sitaram Tiwari born on July 23, 1906 in the village of Bhabara, now located in Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh. His father, Pandit Sita Ram Tiwari, hailed from the Unnao district of Uttar Pradesh, and was a clerk in the forest department. #ChandrashekharAzad
Located in the midst of thick jungles, surrounded by hills and valleys, this is where Chandrashekar would spend his growing up years. Though Sitaram Tiwari, was not very well off, and had to struggle due to poverty, he remained honest
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22 Jul
Subramanya Siva one of the not so well known freedom fighters, close associate of VOC Pillai, Bharatiyar, who passed away on July 23, 1925 rather unmourned.

Thread on a forgotten hero. Image
Pandya Nadu, the southern most part of Tamil Nadu, basically the region covering the districts of Madurai, Theni, Sivaganga, Ramanthapuram, Virudhanagar, Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi and Kanyakumari. A region of rich culture, heritage and history.
This region has also produced some of the greatest freedom fighters and revolutionaries too. The legendary Veera Pandya Kattabomman, V.O.Chidambaram Pillai, Mahakavi Bharatiyar, and Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar, one of Netaji’s closest associates all hailed from here.
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20 Jul
#TodayinHistory Titus storms the fortress of Antonia, on the north side of the Temple Mount, during the Siege of Jerusalem in 70 AD. Intense street fighting breaks out between the Romans and the Jewish Zealots. ImageImageImageImage
The Zealots were a Jewish political movement that sought to rebel against the Roman Empire and expel them from the Holy Land. Often called the 4th Jewish sect, the name comes from a Hebrew word meaning someone fanatically devoted to God.
Founded by Judas of Galilee,the Zealots were a fanatical orthodox sect, driven by nationalism, and played a leading role in the first Jewish- Roman war. The name of the sect is now popularly used in English to mean someone who is fanatically devoted to a cause.
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20 Jul
#TodayinHistory Claus Von Stauffenberg along with other dissident Nazi officers attempt to assasinate Adolf Hitler in 1944, at his Wolf Lair's HQ near Rastenburg. Called as Operation Valkyrie, the July 20 plot however ended up in failure, leading to Gestapo arresting 7000. ImageImageImageImage
The aim of Operation Valkyrie was to wrest control from the Nazis, and make a peace treaty with the Allies,that would end a war,which was turning out to be a disaster for Germany.
More than 7000 were arrested, and around 5000 executed, some of them though had nothing to do with the plot, but more for settling political scores. Most of the chief conspirators including Stauffenberg were tried and executed.
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20 Jul
Savitri Bai Khanolkar, born on July 20,1913 as Eve Yvonne Maday de Maros in Neuchatel, Switzerland to a Hungarian father and Russian mother. Designed the Param Veer Chakra.

Thread on her Jayanti today.
Her father André de Maday was a professor of sociology at Geneva University, while her mother Marthe Hentzelt, taught at the Rosseau Institute. In 1929, she met Vikram Khanolkar, a young Indian Army cadet, undergoing training at Sandhurst, who had come to Switzerland on a break.
She was still a teenager then, however both fell in love, though Vikram was much older to her. She came to India in 1932, though her father was not too keen on it, and married Vikram in Lucknow.
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18 Jul
#TodayInHistory Intel was founded on this date in 1968 by Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce, both from Fairchild Semiconductors and later joined by Andy Grove, who would become one of it's most prominent CEOs, it would grow to become one of the giants of the Tech World. Image
Interesting aspect, of the 3 founders of Intel, only Robert Noyce was purely into Physics, Gordon Moore was a chemist, wile Andy Grove was a chemical engineer. Noyce also invented the IC with Jack Kilby, and Arthur Rock was the one who helped em find investors. Image
Gordon Moore was a Phd in Chemistry from CalTech, and he joined his fellow alumnus William Shockley at Shockley Semiconductors , before becoming part of the Traitorous 8 who left the company, thanks to Shockley's erratic and whimsical behavior.
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