#OnThisDay July 18, 1945 WWII veteran Maceo Snipes is shot in the back at his home by the Ku Klux Klan the day after he became the first Black person to case a ballot to vote in Taylor County, GA.

Who was Maceo Snipes?

Glad you asked.

#GladYouAsked
The most basic rights of citizens is the right to vote. The 14th + 15th Amendments to the Constitution promised free speech, fair trials, freedom of movement and education. The Compromise of 1877, which ended federal protection in the south + Reconstruction, stopped those gains.
Mr. Maceo Snipes served our coutry in WWII for 2-1/2 years, received an honorable discharge, and returned home to Taylor County, Georgia, to work as a sharecropper with his mother. He got threats from the KKK in the days leading up to the election.
Just two years before, the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Smith v. Allwright had ruled it unconstitutional for political parties to hold “all-white primaries,” in which only white voters were permitted to participate in choosing the party’s candidate.
And, of course, if it was a civil or voting rights case before SCOTUS at this time? Guess who was leading the charge.

None other than Thurgood Marshall.

There's a thread on one of the greatest attorneys who walked the earth here⬇️⬇️⬇️

SCOTUS said Black people were legally entitled to vote in the primary, but many white Georgians resented the ruling—including candidate Eugene Talmadge, who campaigned on a promise to restore white primaries in the state. This racist made the cover of Time magazine.
Talmadge's platform? RACISM. He had the OPEN SUPPORT of the KKK and other white terrorist groups. “The South loves the Negro in his place,” Talmadge had said in a 1942 campaign speech, “but his place is at the back door.”🤬
When the primary was over, Talmadge won the party’s nomination and got the most votes in rural areas. When Taylor County votes were tallied, Talmadge won all but 1 vote—and you KNOW, the finger was pointed at Mr. Snipes, the ONLY only Black voter in the county, cast it.
Again, Talmadge WON THE PRIMARY. But that wasn't enough. A day after the primary, a mob of white men, including a white veteran named Edward Williamson, arrived at Mr. Snipes’s grandfather’s house in a pick-up truck and called out Mr. Snipes’s name.
Mr. Snipes got up from the table where he was eating dinner with his mother and went outside to see who was there, only to be shot multiple times at his own front door. The cowardly mob of white men drove away in their truck.
Severely wounded and assisted by his mother, Mr. Snipes walked for several miles searching for help before he was finally transported to a hospital in Butler and admitted for care.
Welp, you know, racism man. The hospital’s segregation policies kept them out for hours. a doctor told them Mr. Snipes urgently needed a blood transfusion, but could not get one because the hospital did not have any “Black blood” to use. Mr. Snipes died two days later.
Because he exercised his Constitutional right to vote, and because he was a veteran, Mr. Snipes was targeted by white ppl dedicated to white supremacy.
White people feared military service would make Black men leaders in the fight for racial equality at home, and targeted Black veterans returning from World War II with racial violence for wearing their uniforms in public, asserting their rights, or denouncing inequality.
Black veterans faced discrimination, hatred and even murder at the hands of white Americans determined to suppress their potential activism. During the era of racial terror, lynching was meant to send a message of domination and to instill fear within the entire Black community.
After threats of further attacks, Mr. Snipes’s body was buried in an unmarked grave and several members of his family fled with their young children to Ohio.
When local authorities investigated Mr. Snipes’s shooting, Edward Williamson admitted to killing him, but claimed Mr. Snipes had pulled a knife on him when he went to the Snipes home to collect a debt.
Yeah, right. 🙄 A member of a prominent white family in Taylor County, Mr. Williamson’s story was believed at face value despite contrary assertions in Mr. Snipes’s deathbed statement and his mother’s witness testimony.

Black people aren't free, just loose.
Shocker alert. The coroner's jury ultimately ruled that the shooting had been in “self-defense,” and no one was ever held accountable for Mr. Snipes’s death. Mr. Snipe's case wasn't a one-off.
Between the end of Reconstruction and the years following World War II, Black veterans were often assaulted, attacked + many were lynched. Isaac Woodard had his eyes literally gouged out by the SC Police hours after he was honorably discharged. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_Woo…
FIN/Brave Black men and women, like Mr. Maceo Snipes and Isaac Woodard risked their lives to defend this country’s freedom only to have their own freedom denied and threatened, or their lives tragically taken, because of racial bigotry.

Source:
calendar.eji.org/racial-injusti…
*cast*

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More from @JamesMWilliam18

16 Jul
#OnThisDay 1944 Irene Morgan Kirkaldy, a Black woman, is arrested in Virginia for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger on an interstate Greyhound bus.

What was this all about?

#GladYouAsked
Black people have been fighting segregation in public travel for years. Homer Plessy, a Black man, refused to give up his seat on a segregated train. Ida B. Wells refused to do the same. The first broad bus boycott by Black ppl was in Baton Rouge, LA in 1953.
Ms. Morgan, a Black woman, purchased a Greyhound ticket that day in Gloucester, Virginia, boarded the bus, and took a seat in the assigned "Black section."
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16 Jul
#OnThisDay July 16, 1862 Ida B. Wells-Barnett, co-founder of the NAACP, Pulitzer Prize recipient, civil and voting rights advocate, and when she died, the most famous Black woman in the world, was born.

Don't know about Ida B. Wells-Barnett?

#GladYouAsked
If you don't read ANY of my #OnThisDay or #GladYouAsked threads from beginning until the end, I respectfully ask you do so today. When I found out she attended Fisk University for a minute . . . 🤩🤩
Sources include "Ida B. the Queen," written by her great-grand daughter Michelle Duster; "Ida; A Sword Among Lions," + "When and Where I Enter" by Paula Giddings, "Freedom's Daughters" by LYonne Olson, among others.
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As a former conservator in my life, I am glad that FINALLY the federal government is taking a look at how conservatorships are run and operated. This is only my experience in DC and MD.

I was a conservator to my late mom, grand ma and a friend.
My mother had Alzheimer's, and lived with me the last 5 years of her life. I was her conservator the last seven times she took a turn around the sun.
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15 Jul
#OnThisDay July 15, 1867 Maggie Lena Walker, entrepreneur and civic leader, was born in Richmond, VA. She was the first Black woman to found a bank, the St. Luke Penny Savings Bank.

Who was Maggie Lena Walker?

Glad you asked.

#GladYouAsked
Born to enslaved parents, her mother worked as a laundress and her father as a butler in a popular Richmond hotel. Walker’s father was killed + she got a job to help with the bills. Although his death was ruled a suicide, she always believed he was murdered.
After graduation she taught school. upon graduation, began teaching. She stepped down from teaching after she married a successful brick maker. When Walker was 14, she joined the Independent Order of St. Luke’s, an Black group that helped the sick and elderly in Richmond.
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15 Jul
#OnThisDay July 15, 1869 Captain A.J. Hayne, a Black man who led a Union regment during the Civil War, was assassinated by a member of the Ku Klux Klan.

Who was Captain A.J. Hayne?

Glad you asked.

#GladYouAsked
This one required quite a lot of digging. YES, Captain Hayne was a Black man - fair skinned with blue eyes - but there is very little known about his back ground before enlisting in the military during the Civil War.
From Oswego, Arkansas, he was 6'2", with black hair and blue eyes. He enlisted as a private, and saw a lot of combat in the western theater of the Civil War with the Army of the Tennessee at Pea Ridge, Shiloh, Forts Henry and Donelson, and Vicksburg.
Read 16 tweets
14 Jul
#OnThisDay July 14, 1885 Sarah E. Goode was one of the first Black women to receive a patent.

Don't know about Sarah E. Goode?

Glad you asked.

#GladYouAsked
Regrettably, there is very little that is known about Sarah Goode. Some biographies said she was born enslaved, others said she was a "free" person. What we DO know is she was a legal and business trailblazer.
Sarah Elisabeth Goode (1855?-1905) was one of the first African-American women to receive a patent from the United States government. She was granted a patent for a folding cabinet bed on July 14, 1885.

Ever see a "murphy bed"? She invented the precursor to THAT!
Read 12 tweets

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