1. न्यायावलिः is the proverb in our ancient times. Let me give some 5 of them every day.

अन्धपङ्गुन्यायः
The maxim of the blind and the lame.

A lame man sits on the shoulders of a blind man, the former guiding the latter.
2. अन्धदर्पणन्यायः
The maxim of the blind man and his mirror.
It is used in case of persons who possess things which can be of no use to them. ( @VAIDYALINGAMPUT !)
3. This third one has a long explanation.

अन्धगजन्यायः
The maxim of the blind men and the elephant.
Certain blind men approached a tame and docile elephant in order to get an idea of the creature. One felt his trunk, one his legs, one his tail, and so on.
4. The first man n he who had felt the elephant's trunk n described him as a fat serpent; the second man, who had felt the legs, as four pillars; the third man,
the one who has passed his hands on the tail only, as a piece of stout rope, tapering gradually and
5. having loose fibres at the end; and so on. They began to quarrel with one another over the description of the elephant, each considering his own to be correct.

This maxim is used in cases where an imperfect, partial or one-sided view of a thing is taken. (Most Indians!)
6. अन्धचटकन्यायः

The maxim of the blind man catching a sparrow.
This maxim is used where an unexpected and accidental happenings or coincidences are ascribed to divine agency.
7. अदग्धदहन न्यायः
The maxim of burning the burnt. Fire doesn't burn a thoroughly burnt object.

This maxim is used in cases where a person attempts an impossible or a fruitless task.
8. Let me continue with posting 5 more old sayings called 'nyaaya'.

अरण्यरोदनन्यायः
The maxim of crying in the wilderness.
This maxim is used in cases where a man seeks help and support from a quarter from which they are not likely to come.
9. अन्धपरम्परान्यायः
The maxim of the blind following the blind. It is used in those cases where people blindly, thoughtlessly, or rashly follow others (like Modi!), not caring to see whether their doing so would not be a dangerous leap in the dark.
10. अपन्थानं तु गच्छन्तमिति न्यायः
The maxim of a person going wrong. A person ought to abandon one going in the ways of wickedness even if one be his dearest brother.
11. अन्धगोलाङ्गूलन्यायः
The maxim of the blind man and the bull's tail.
This maxim is based on the following anecdote: Once upon a time a certain blind man started from his native village, intending to go to a neighbouring big city.
11. He had not plodded on far, when he met a barber, fond of practical jokes. The latter accosted the former and learnt from him, that he, the blind man, was
travelling to town, where, he thought, plenty of alms was to be had for the mere asking.
12. The barber, finding a sure victim of his jokes, told the blind man that he would find him a guide. He thereupon took him to a field, where a
bullock was grazing, and let him catch his tail. He then said to him: "My friend, here is a sure guide for you.
13. Don't leave him whatever happens, and in
spite of all that wicked people might say to do you a mischief." The blind man soon reached not the town, but the heart of a n thorny bush!

This maxim is applied to cases where a man places his trust on an object not worthy of trust.
14. अमूर्तमूर्तिन्यायः
The maxim of the image form of the Formless.
As God is omnipresent, He may be worsipped in any object.
15. The true devotee, though believing God to be formless, in order to gratify the cravings of his
heart for an image, makes one in a pitha and worships Him in the image.
16. Ignorant men say that he is worshipping an external material object.

The maxim is applied to a man who makes a remark on a profound subject which he doesn't understand in the least, thus displaying his utter ignorance.
17. अर्धजरतान्यायः
The maxim of the two opposites staying in a single substance.

This maxim is applied in cases where the impossibility of two oppositeattributes combined in a single individual at the same time is to prove
18. such as youth and old age can not stay at the same time in a single man or woman. (Just imagine how many old men are acting like they are killadis!)
19. अर्धवैशसन्यायः
The maxim of cutting up half an animal.

A man cuts off the head, the torax, the wings and the lower limbs of a hen, leaving the abdomen intact with the hope that she might lay the eggs that are
in her.
20. This maxim is used in cases where an absurd, ridiculous, foolish or unreasonable act is done.
21. अभक्षन्यायः
The maxim of living on water alone.

If it is said that Rama lives on water only, it is to be inferred that, having water, He does not take any food or drink.
23. This maxim is used in those cases where by the use of particular attributes to an object, its generic attributes are negatived.
24. अन्ते रण्डाविवाहश्चेदादावेव स कुतो न इति न्यायः
The maxim of marrying a widow.

If a widow is to be married at all, why not before she becomes corrupt?

This maxim is used in those cases where an act is done after the proper time for its performance is passed.
25. (You want to have a progeny but don't mind marrying a widow. But what use if the widow is pregnant?
26. अशोकवनिकान्यायः
The maxim of the grove of Ashoka trees.

Ravana kept Sita in the garden of Ashoka trees, when he could keep her in any other garden.
27. This maxim is used in those cases where a man finds several ways of doing a thing, any one of them being as good as another, and the preference of any
particular one cannot be accounted for.
28. More from न्यायावलिः will be tweeted tomorrow,
29. Let me continue with 5 more न्यायावलिः (maxims of our ancients)

अश्मलोष्टन्यायः
The maxim of the stone and clod of earth.
A clod of earth may be considered to be hard as compared with cotton, but is soft as compared with a stone.
30. So a person may be considered to be very
important when compared with his inferiors, but sinks into insignificance when compared with his betters.

This maxim is used to denote the relative importance of two things.
31. अश्वतरीगर्भन्यायः
The maxim of conception of a female mule.
It is said that a female mule never conceives, or if she is ever made to, she dies.

This maxim is used in connection with anything which has no existence.
32. अहिभुक्कैवर्तन्यायः
The maxim of Ahibhuk and the boatman.
A man named Ahibhuk, intending to cross a broad river, boarded a boat in which there were a large number of persons.
33. Now the man thought within himself, there are so many persons in the boat that it would be no wonder if I lose myself and be transferred and changed to one of them.
34. In order to avert such a calamity, Ahibhuk bound his foot with a piece of rope to keep a mark upon himself, and then feeling easy in his mind, fell fast asleep. The boatman chanced to overhear the man's loud soliloquy, and saw his queer manoeuvres;
35. and soon finding the man snoring stentoriously, he untied the rope from the man's feet and fastened to his own. Ahibhuk on waking exclaimed, Alas! I am changed to a boatman!

The maxim is used to show a man's idiocy.
36. अहिनिर्ल्वयनीन्यायः
The maxim of the cast off slough of a serpent.
The meaning of this maxim is: Just as a serpent, after it has cast off its slough, does no longer regard the same as a part of itself, so a man,
37. on acquiring vidya or true knowledge, regards his self as distinct from his body.
38. अहिकुण्डलन्यायः
The maxim of the coils of a snake.
Just as the coils of a venomous serpent are natural to it so are the crooked ways of a wicked man.

This maxim is used to denote the natural propensities and impulses of a man.
39. अन्धकवर्तकीयन्यायः
The maxim of the man clapping his hands and the sparrow.

It is unthinkable that a sparrow will perch on the hands of a person clapping.

This maxim is used to denote impossibility.
40. अजाकृपणकन्यायः
The maxim of the goat and the naked sword.
A goat was scratching its neck at the sharp edge of a naked sword and cut it.

One should not meddle with dangerous things.
41. अग्न्यानयनन्यायः
The maxim of asking to bring fire.

When a person is asked to bring some fire, it is implied that he is to bring it in a pot or vessel.

This maxim is used in those cases where anything is not explicitly expressed,
but implied.
42. अन्यद्मुक्तमन्यद्वान्तमिति न्यायः
The maxim of eating one thing and vomiting something else.

This maxim is used in cases where the answer to a question does not touch the question at all.
43. अन्धस्यैवान्धलग्नस्यैति न्यायः
The maxim of the association with the blind.
What shall it profit a man if he associates with men of little knowledge?

A man should always keep the company of persons, superior to him in learning, wisdom, and good qualities.
44. Let me give some more sayings of the old (maxims).

अर्धत्यजतिपण्डितैति न्यायः
The maxim of saving one half.
When a man is likely to lose all, he ought to sacrifice one half in order to save the other half.

(A good advise to all investors).
45. अल्पस्य हेतोर्बहुहातुमिच्छन्निति न्यायः
The maxim of a person sacrificing much in order to gain a trifle.

What sacrifices does not a man make, what troubles does he not take to win transient worldly gain?

c.f. The English proverb: ᳚penny-wise, pound-foolish.
46. But he is a truly wise man, who seeks That, gives up his all for That, on obtaining which he obtains everything. (This is about Sanyasa Yoga).
47. अलभेमत्तकसिन्यैति न्यायः
The maxim of the passionate Kasini.
The passionate Kasini, failing to secure other means of satisfying her passion was obliged to satisfy the same on an animal.
48. This maxim is used to denote the irresistible powers of lust and vile passions,and the degradation caused by them.

अण्डकुक्कुत्तन्यायः
The maxim of the hen and the eggs.
A hen used to lay one egg daily. Its owner thought that he would have all the eggs that were in her at
49. one time. Accordingly he ripped open the abdomen of the hen with the result that might be imagined.

This maxim is used in cases where a person becomes a loser on account of covetousness.
50. अश्वभृत्यन्यायः
The maxim of the horse and its owner.
A man asked an hostler who was attending to a horse, "whose horse is this?"

The hostler replied, "His, whose servant I am."

The man again asked, "whose servant are you, my good man?"
51. The hostler replied readily, "why, his, whose horse this is!"

This maxim is applied to a person who argues in a circle, or gives evasive answers.

More maxims tomorrow.
52. अजातपुत्रनामोत्कर्तनन्यायः
The maxim of christening the babe yet unborn.
This maxim is applied to superfluous, foolish, or useless acts of person.

अन्ते या मतिः सा गतिरिति न्यायः
The maxim of: As thou thinkest in thy last moments,
so shalt thou be.
53. (c.f Bhagavat Gita,VIII, 5.6.)
King Bharata had a favourite antelope, who used to follow him wherever he went,
and whom the King loved very much. While on death-bed, the dying King's
thoughts were of his pet antelope. The King in his next birth was born as an
antelope.
54. अपराह्नच्छयन्यायः
The maxim of the shadow of the evening.
This maxim is applied in cases where prosperity or intimacy is on a continued wax.
55. असारनामपिबहुनामिति न्यायः
The maxim of many trifles.
A straw is an insignificant thing of little strength, but when it unites with others to make a stout rope,it can bind and hold in check even a mad elephant.
56. Cf. The English proverbs: 'Union is strength'. Many a little makes a mickle.

57. अस्नेहदापनन्यायः
The maxim of burning a lamp without oil.
This maxim is used in the following and like senses. A man spends more than he earns;
58. he builds a structure on a foundation which is weak; he looks more to show than real worth; he cares for a transient effect instead of permanency, etc.
59. अकसपरिच्छित्रत्वन्यायः
The maxim of dividing and limiting the limitless and All-pervading Akash (Sky, ether).
The infinite sky cannot be measured, divided, or limited.
60. This maxim is used in those cases where a person undertakes or attempts an impossible task; or where one wants to illustrate the infinite, eternal and
all-pervasive character of a category, such as the self.

More maxims tomorrow!

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More from @Janamejayan

13 Sep
1. My father was born, I belive in the year 1878 or thereabout and my grandfather was born in the holy city of Varanasi in the celeberated year of 1857, the year of the Indian Revolution.
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Maarichi to Ravana (1)
Mariachi to Ravana:
राज्यं पालयितुं शक्यं न तीक्ष्णेन निशाचर।
न चापि प्रतिकूलेन नाविनीतेन राक्षस।।
O nightwalking demon! a kingdom cannot be governed by a king who is rude or hostile or impolite.
Marichi to Ravana (2)
स्वामिना प्रतिकूलेन प्रजास्तीक्ष्णेन रावण।
रक्ष्यमाणा न वर्धन्ते मेषा गोमायुना यथा।।
O Ravana, people who are ruled by a cruel and hostile king will not grow like the sheep protected by a jackal.
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अवश्यं विनशिष्यन्ति सर्वे रावण राक्षसाः।
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Under a rude, crooked king whose senses are not under his control the subjects will surely perish.
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