Re-upping bc this is pretty comical—

the invention of the modern vice presidency was a comedy of errors

first, the Committee of Eleven comes up with the idea for the electoral college, but they're worried electors will always vote for candidates from their home state, so…
/1
…James Madison hatches the idea that every elector shall have two votes to cast for president, and only one such vote may be cast for a home-state candidate

Veep was basically invented as a reason to justify this two-vote method. The runner-up for pres would be veep… /2
…Further, veep was therefore thought the right position for presidential successor-in-waiting for vacancies because the veep would be the presidential runner-up

But what is the veep's job? The main reason they put veep in the senate is…they couldn't think of anything else…
/3
The original concept of the veep was really more of an active legislative role. Madison wrote that the veep would operate as an at-large senator. George Mason meanwhile thought the veep position violated separation of powers…
/4
…our first veep John Adams didn't think of himself as a member of George Washington's cabinet (Washington felt likewise) but he did attend senate session, participate in debate, and give motions, to a point that the senate adopted new rules to limit the veep's participation…
/5
…however, it became immediately clear that the electoral college system of the 1789 constitution was utterly failing. Instead of casting two votes for president, electors were casting one vote intended for president and one for vice president, causing bizarre gamed outcomes…
/6
So the Democratic-Republicans pushed through the 12th amendment at their earliest opportunity, reforming the electoral college such that electors officially cast one vote for president and a separate vote for veep, thus leaving us with the concept of a pres-VP ticket.
/end

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More from @SababaUSA

28 Aug
I've taken a cursory look at the ivermectin phenomenon, and there's one figure who seems central to its initial rise: Sen. Ron Johnson /1
Hydroxychloroquine started trending almost immediately in the first week of March 2020. The spikes on Google Trends coincide with Trump tweets, (linked below)
There are also spikes for dexamethasone and regeneron around Trump's hospitalization

/2

thetrumparchive.com/?searchbox=%22… Image
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madison.com/wsj/news/local…

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It's fine, obviously, to look for some perspective and ask critically whether today's conspiratorial thinking is appreciably different from the past, but this doesn't hold up to even cursory analysis (beside that I think the attached graphic is bogus)
First, in Oct. 2020, Morning Consult found that 24% of polled adults thought Qanon somewhat accurate or very accurate. Among those who approve of Trump it was 42%, and among those who strongly approve it was 46% (28% say "very accurate")

assets.morningconsult.com/wp-uploads/202…
Second, it's obvious that Qanon had and has major purchase in the Republican mainstream, including lawmakers and including *the last president* who left office three weeks ago. It's an eliminationist ideology that elicited an actual mob attack on the government itself
Read 5 tweets

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