It is important to be accurate about what our study on vaccine passports shows. Our key point is that they have different effects on different populations and overall lead to a polarisation of positions.
So, for those who are initially positive...…
passports make them even more positive and give people a good reason to do what they intended to do anyway (but might not have got around to). Since most of the population are positive to vaccines, the overall effect is to accelerate take-up...
However, for those who are initially sceptical, passports for everyday activities make them even more sceptical (increasing the sense that vaccines are about control and playing into the narratives of anti-vaxxers) and decreasing willingness to get jabbed.
All in all, then, the effect of vaccine passports is to get you to maximum uptake sooner (and that is an important benefit) but lower the level of that maximum (and that is an important problem). In effect passports disengage the populations you most need to engage with.
Another way of thinking about this is to argue that the effect of vaccine passports depends upon levels of social trust. In places where there is high social trust they are seen as being about protecting 'us' and remind people to do what is good for them and others.
This is true at a country level where, in places like Denmark, where overall trust is the highest in the world, interventions like curfews and passports have been well received, but the reception has been greeted with considerable suspicion in lower trust societies.
It is also true at a group level within countries where communities which historically distrust authorities (political and medical) are more negative about passports - especially those passports which are more intrusive and affect everyday activities. Our data confirms this.
So, vaccine passports for everyday activities increase vaccine opposition amongst black communities - thus running the danger of increasing social division/inequalities and also, at an epidemiological level, creating pockets of low vaccination allowing infection spread.
Finally, the processes operate at an individual level. So we are currently collecting data and the preliminary findings both reproduce the finding that black respondents have lower trust and are more alienated by passports (especially those for everyday events), and also...
show that those who have less trust in authority are less willing to get vaccinated with passports for everyday activities.
In sum, what all this suggests is that the key issue is not the overall effect of vaccine passports, but the impact on those you need to win over.
It also suggests that, when considering incentives to change behaviour (whether getting vaccinated or anything else) it is crucial to address the impact on social relationships and how this may be different for different groups.
For vaccine passports and other interventions, there isn't a one-size-fits all and the consequences are not necessarily the same for marginalised and deprived groups as for the white, middle-class respondents who are the normal fodder of research.

• • •

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh

Keep Current with Stephen Reicher

Stephen Reicher Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!


Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @ReicherStephen

14 Sep
It's deja vu all over again:
a year ago to the week, on 21 Sept 2020, SAGE called for action to bring down infections.
They were ignored, infections and hospitalisations went through the roof so hard restrictions were needed - hence the awful Christmas and winter were suffered...
This week, SAGE again advises that, without action, infections and hospitalisations will again run out of control. But our learn nothing Government responds by saying they will do nothing for now but wait and watch. And as they wait our hopes for this Christmas and winter fade
The irony is that, thanks to the vaccine, the measures needed now are far less intrusive than last year: ensure that spaces are well ventilated and safe, work from home where possible, support people to self isolate, wear masks in crowded spaces...
Read 5 tweets
12 Sep
Vaccine passports ditched in England.
I think this is the right decision. They are a double edged sword.
Passports accelerate uptake in the willing but accentuate opposition in the sceptical.
They increase safety but can increase complacency.
If you don't introduce passports, the key question is what are you going to do instead to push up vaccination and push down infections.
There are two obvious steps. The first is to increase community engagement on vaccines - go to people, talk to people, respect their concerns.
This has always been the best way to maximise uptake.
The 2nd step is to make environments safe. Require that they meet Covid standards in order to be open to the public. We don't allow restaurants with dirty kitchens to trade, why should we allow venues with dirty air to open?
Read 6 tweets
9 Sep
As the Scottish Parliament prepares to vote, here is a discussion of vaccine passports.
But I am going to break the first rule of the twittersphere - my apologies - and write a nuanced thread.
Because the issues are many and the arguments complex...
The effects of vaccine passports are very dependent on levels of social trust. In countries and in groups where trust is high - where people believe the authorities are acting for their good - then passports can have a positive impact. Equally, as our own data shows...
Amongst group who are generally positive towards vaccines, the passport can give them a reason to get on with it. That's why, as in France, you see an upsurge of take-up when passports are first introduced. That's the upside. But there is another side to the story...
Read 17 tweets
6 Sep
We have let young people down in so many ways during this pandemic:
we don't keep them safe at school
we ignore their mental health problems
and we TWICE screwed up their examinations
this is so much more frustrating because it was entirely predictable…
Earlier this year, we met with the DfE to raise three issues.
First, we pointed out that, without robust checking, both within and between schools, teacher assessment can lead to enhanced inequalities of class, race and gender. That must be addressed.
Second, we argued that grades must be accompanied by a record of the context in which they were achieved: how much school had been missed, ability to study at home, illness and bereavement in the family and so on.
Read 12 tweets
2 Sep
So Scotland is going for vaccine passports for large events and England is likely to follow.
Is this the right decision?
The evidence suggests that the effects of passports very much depend on social trust... Image
In high trust countries (e.g. Denmark) and high trust communities, passports can accelerate uptake amongst those inclined to get vaccinated but who haven't yet got round to it. As vaccination goes up, so the need for the passport declines and they can be dropped Image
In lower trust countries and communities (e.g. the black community) passports can increase the sense that the state is trying to control us and increase resistance to vaccination. It alienates the very people you need to win over. Image
Read 8 tweets
30 Aug
Yesterday I tweeted about the need about the urgent need for more psychologists: the NHS has a mere 8,000 clinical psychologists. Today we learn there are 8 MILLION people needing care. An impossible load of 1,000 people per psychologist.…
What is more, roughly a quarter of these are under 16. Children in huge distress but lacking the support they need (we have had special @IndependentSage briefings to highlight the impact of the pandemic on youth). Yet again we are letting young people down.
The only response must be a major expansion of clinical psychology trading. Where is the emergency plan to expand mental health provision? When will we end the Cinderella status of psychology in an already underfunded NHS?
Read 4 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Too expensive? Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal Become our Patreon

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us on Twitter!