KKK members routinely called in bomb threats intended to disrupt civil rights meetings as well as services at the church on Sunday or during Bible study.


You can't make this stuff up.
At 10:22 a.m. some 200 church members were in the building—many in Sunday school classes before the start of the 11 am service—when the bomb detonated on the church’s east side, spraying mortar and bricks from the front of the church and caving in its interior walls.
Most parishioners were able to evacuate the building as it filled with smoke, but the bodies of four young girls (14-year-old Addie Mae Collins, Cynthia Wesley and Carole Robertson and 11-year-old Denise McNair) were found beneath the rubble in a basement restroom.
Ten-year-old Sarah Collins, who was also in the restroom at the time of the explosion, lost her right eye, and more than 20 other people were injured in the blast. The bombing was the 3rd in 11 days, after the federal court mandated integration of the schools.
More about Sarah Collins Rudolph and her story here:

After the bombing, thousands of Black protesters gathered at the scene of the bombing. Wallace sent police + state troopers to break them up; violence broke out across the city; a number of protesters were arrested, and two young Black men were killed (one by police).
King later spoke before 8,000 people at the funeral for three of the girls (the family of the fourth girl held a smaller private service), fueling the public outrage now mounting across the country.
Though Birmingham’s white supremacists (and even certain individuals) were immediately suspected in the bombing, repeated calls for the perpetrators to be brought to justice went unanswered for more than a decade.
It was later revealed the FBI had information concerning the identity of the bombers by 1965 and DID NADA. (Trifling ass J. Edgar Hoover, then-head of the FBI, disapproved of the civil rights movement; he died in 1972.) Yet ANOTHER reason why Hoover's name should be removed.
In 1977, Alabama Attorney General Bob Baxley reopened the investigation and Klan leader Robert E. Chambliss was brought to trial for the bombings and convicted of murder. Continuing to maintain his innocence, Chambliss died in prison in 1985.
The case was again reopened in 1980, 1988 and 1997, when two other former Klan members, Thomas Blanton and Bobby Frank Cherry, were finally brought to trial; Blanton was convicted in 2001 and Cherry in 2002. A 4th suspect, Herman Cash, died in 1994 before his trial.
Thank God for the moral courage of former AL US Senator Doug Jones in his uphill victory for these girls. But Alabama didn't see fit for him to continue to serve America.

Been saying this for years.

The worst Democrat is better than the best Republican.

Outrage over the death of these four young girls helped build increased support behind the continuing struggle to end segregation—support that would help lead to the passage of both the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
FIN/ May these princesses rest in peace and power.

Thanks for reading this very long thread.




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More from @JamesMWilliam18

15 Sep
#OnThisDay September 15, 1963 Addie Mae Collins (14), Carol Robertson (14), Denise McNair (11) and Cynthia Wesley (14) were murdered when the 16th Street Baptist Church was bombed by the KKK.

Don't know about the bombing of this church?

Glad you asked.

Let me warn all in advance right now.

This thread is probably gonna trigger somebody.

If that's the case, stop now.
First, a little background. Birmingham, Alabama, was founded in 1871 and rapidly became the state’s most important industrial and commercial center. It was also one of America’s most racially discriminatory and segregated cities.
Read 11 tweets
15 Sep
#OnThisDay Jan E. Matzeliger, inventor and businessman, was born in Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana.

Don't know about Jan Matzeliger?

Glad you asked.

Look down at your feet. If you are wearing a pair of shoes, you just need to thank this brother who made shoes affordable and possible for all people. Shoes used to be a commodity only for the rich and wealthy, he flipped the script and changed the game. Forever.
His father was a Dutchman of German descent; his mother was an enslaved Black woman of the plantation which his father owned. So you know what went down there. At ten, Matzeliger was apprenticed in the Colonial Ship Works in Paramaribo, where he was a mechanical genius.
Read 14 tweets
15 Sep
While I was out, two big things happened for me. One was my FOURTH WEDDING ANNIVERSARY followed by the 52nd birthday of my beautiful wife who has taken the role of Mrs. Nurse Dark and Lovely as I get better.

God is good.
I never thought I'd get married again after becoming a widower. Now I wonder where I would be without her courage, strength, love and leadership. As Blood, Sweat and Tears said, "you have made me so very happy; I'm so glad you came into my life."
We have been to the Bahamas, Jamaica, France and the Netherlands. This is us heading to the Anne Frank house via riverboat. An amazing, moving and poignant experience. Gotta rep my alma mater overseas, of course.
Read 5 tweets
14 Sep
#OnThisDay September 14, 1921 Constance Baker Motley, Manhattan Borough President and the first Black woman named as a federal judge, was born.

Who was Constance Baker Motley?

Glad you asked.

This Queen, who attended my alma mater of Fisk University for two years, was a trailblazer her whole life, was a lawyer🔥, judge🔥🔥, state senator🔥🔥🔥 and Borough President 🔥🔥🔥🔥of Manhattan, New York City.
Born the ninth of 12 children of immigrant parents from the island of Nevis, Motley was simply an amazing high school student. When she graduated, her family didn't have enough money for college and she got a job with the National Youth Administration, a New Deal position.
Read 19 tweets
14 Sep
#OnThisDay September 14, 1874 In the Battle of Liberty Place, a white supremacist militia attacked New Orleans and over threw Louisiana's elected, integrated government.

Don't know abou the Battle of Liberty Place?

While history might not repeat itself, it sure does rhyme. This insurrection, which resulted in the deaths of about 13 people, was the immediate by-product of the success of the Black vote, integration and Reconstruction. Sounds familiar?
That's because we had a similar, larger insurrection on January 6, 2021 on the grounds of the US Capitol. And some fools want to honor those who tried to overthrow the government of the US on September 18, 2021.

Man please.
Read 17 tweets
27 Aug
My paternal grand father, Eugene, had a 3rd grade education. Got his GED when he was in the Army fighting the Germans at the Battle of the Bulge. I asked him why didn't he smoke like his wife and a lot of other people.

"Son, I'm not a rocket scientist, but even I have the good sense to know putting all that smoke in your lungs is doing you no damn good." For some random reason, I pulled up some old cigarette ads from the 1960s. Here's a few.
Read 7 tweets

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