In 2019, Governor Brad Little issued a proclamation designating the second Monday in October as #IndigenousPeoplesDay. This action paralleled steps that other entities had been taking since 1992 to redirect the focus of #ColumbusDay (a designated state holiday in #Idaho).
This acknowledgment better aligns with the reality of the past and the genocide and forced assimilation that indigenous people faced in the decades and centuries following Christopher Columbus's arrival in the western hemisphere. #IndigenousPeoplesDay
In honor of #IndigenousPeoplesDay2021, we want to recognize the five federally recognized tribes that call Idaho home. The Kootenai, Nez Perce, Coeur d'Alene, Shoshone-Paiute, and Shoshone-Bannock peoples have called this land home since time immemorial. #Idaho #history
These five tribes' reservations span the state's diverse geography, and as of 2013, they owned over 963,323 acres and had 9,553 tribal members living in #Idaho. #IndigenousPeoplesDay #NativeAmerican #history
The map shows the tribes' homelands and the lands each tribe ceded to the U.S. government through various treaties and negotiations.
Photo: Royce, Charles C, and Cyrus Thomas. Indian land cessions in the United States. 1899. Image.
The experiences of Idaho's tribal people are vast and varied, and the best way to learn of these experiences is from the records written and left by tribal members. Consider spending time today visiting these tribes' websites & social media channels.
Or explore the oral history interviews available via the Idaho State Archives online catalog. One recently transcribed oral history captured the experiences of Coeur d'Alene tribal member Lawrence Aripa.
Aripa died in 1998, but thanks to his oral history file, his experiences as a young child, time in the navy, work as an artist, and contributions to his tribe, his legacy is preserved as part of Idaho's historical record.

Lawrence Aripa, interview by Judy Hampton Harness, March 19, 1989, oral history interview 1521, transcript, Oral History Collection, Idaho State Archives, Boise, Idaho.

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