THREAD: What is Pashtunwali?

Pashtunwali is a strong unwritten ethical code and traditional lifestyle for the Pashtun people. It has its roots in their ancient culture and not in religion. (1/13)
“Melmastia (hospitality) – Showing hospitality and profound respect to all visitors, regardless of distinctions of race, religion, national affiliation as well as economic status and doing so without any hope of remuneration or favour.” (2/13)
“Nanawatai (asylum) – This is used for protection given to a person who requests protection against his/her enemies. The people are protected at all costs.” (3/13)
“Badal (justice) – Usually translated as revenge, but a term that covers social balancing acts of justice, ranging from striking down an enemy (or their relative) in a blood feud to the exchange of a bride as a way to make peace with another clan.” (4/13)
“Tureh (bravery) – A Pashtun must defend his land/property, family and women from incursions wherever he or she might reside. A Pashtun should always stand brave against tyranny and he should always be able to defend his property, family, women and the honour of his name.” (5/13)
“Sabat (loyalty) – Loyalty must be paid to one’s family, friends, and tribe members. Loyalty is a must and a Pashtun can never become disloyal as this would be utterly shameful towards themselves and their families.” (6/13)
“Imandari (righteousness) – A Pashtun must always strive towards thinking good thoughts, speaking good words and doing other good deeds. Pashtuns must behave respectfully towards all creations including people, animals and the environment around them.” (7/13)
“Isteqamat – Trust in God (known as “Allah” in Arabic and “Khudai-ta-Allah” in Pashto). The notion of trusting in the one Creator generally comports to Islamic idea of belief in only one God (tawheed).” (8/13)
“Ghayrat (self honour or dignity) – Pashtuns must maintain their human dignity. Honour has great importance in Pashtun society and most other codes of life are aimed towards the preservation of one’s honour or pride. They must respect themselves and others.” (9/13)
“Namus (Honor of women) – A Pashtun must defend the honor of Pashtun women at all costs and must protect them from vocal and physical harm.” (10/13)
“Hawad: Love for the nation.
Dob-pasbani: Protecting the Pashtun culture and standing by the side of Pashtun tribes (irrespective of all past enmities) if it is attacked by foreign forces or invaders.” (11/13)
“Jirga: Council or assembly of elders of any tribe usually gathers to resolve inter-tribal and intra-tribal disputes.
Loya Jirga: Grand assembly
Rogha: A custom for settling of disputes.” (12/13)
“And an unstated element, that ideally, each Pashtun recognizes no master, that he is completely personally independent.” (13/13)

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More from @T_a_h_mina

23 Nov
THREAD: Why is the suffering of our Hazaras different than the rest of us?
The Hazaras were attacked in their homeland of Hazarajat and have endured slavery, systematic expulsion from ancestral homes/lands and massacres. Hazarajat has lost around 60% of it’s population...(1/9)
...to ethnic cleansing, that’s why some scholars speak of genocide. Some consider them even one of the “most persecuted people in the world”. Until 1970s a large amount of Hazaras could not access higher education, enroll the army or secure higher-level government jobs. In..(2/9)
...1993 there was once again an offensive attack launched against the Hazaras by the then regime, because of the positions they took in Kabul’s Shia-majority areas. This led to killings of civilians and targeting of Hazara men and resulted in hundreds killed and forcibly...(3/9)
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