Adrian Zenz Profile picture
Nov 29, 2021 13 tweets 4 min read Read on X
BREAKING: the first-ever leak of "Top Secret" remarks by a Chinese head of state shows how Beijing is behind nearly every aspect of the atrocities in Xinjiang:

Internments / forced labor / birth control & reducing Uyghur population shares / big data policing / boardng schools/1 Image
317 pages of classified Chinese state documents were leaked to the Uyghur Tribunal in September.

They include what appears to be the first-ever leak of "Top secret" (绝密) statements by a Chinese head of state in the history of the PRC. /2 Image
The files show that Xi Jinping, Premier Li Keqiang and another former central government official directly and indirectly demanded policies that were then implemented, esp. after 2016:
- Internments
- Coercive labor transfers
- Centralized boarding education
- Birth control
By comparison, the China Cables were one classification level lower, and not issued by the central government. /4
The leak is an identical subset of the Xinjiang Papers first reported by the New York Times in 2019.

BUT: the Times never published the transcripts, didn't mention several key documents, didn't bring out key links, and didn't disclose the secrecy level of Xi's speeches./5 Image
For example, the Times' 2019 report said that Chen Quanguo ordered officials to “round up everyone who should be rounded up.”

But it didn't say that Xi Jinping ordered them: "those who should be seized should be seized, and those who should be sentenced should be sentenced." /6
In a top-secret speech, classified at a higher secrecy level than the China Cables, Xi Jinping himself authorized the Xinjiang government to draft a local counterterrorism legislation, which in March 2017 became the legal basis for the re-education campaign. /7
At the very time when Xi demanded that people’s “immunity” against extremist ideology must be increased, Uyghur regions were carrying out early forms of re-education and reported that these re-education efforts were “increasing the immunity…of ‘susceptible’ groups of people." /8
Xi's secret demand to make birth control policies in southern Xinjiang “equal for all ethnic groups” became a euphemism for mass birth prevention - as shown in 2019 Xinjiang family planning documents that quote him verbatim for projects funding mass sterilizations & IUDs. /9
Xi and other leaders also made confidential statements and demands that directly prompted coercive labor transfers of large numbers of Uyghurs into enterprises and factories, and a mass expansion of textile factories - which became prime work destination for camp detainees. /10
The Xinjiang Papers are set to revolutionize our understanding of how the atrocities evolved, and the relationship between Beijing and the regional authorities, including Chen Quanguo. /11
The Xinjiang Papers that were originally reported on by the NYT on November 16, 2019, are not to be confused with the China Cables, which were published in full by the ICIJ and myself (…
and…) /12 Image
The Uyghur Tribunal commissioned me to review, analyze and authenticate the documents. The first results are published here:…

Three documents (notably speeches by Xi) are available in full transcription so far, the others will follow.

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More from @adrianzenz

Apr 4
On Saturday, China's Ministry of Civil Affairs casually announced new standardized Chinese names for 30 locations in "South Tibet" (藏南), together with an updated map (below).

"South Tibet" is India's state of Arunachal Pradesh.

India promptly responded, affirming that the state is an "integral" part of India.

This was the PRC MCA's 4th announcement, resulting in a total of 62 Chinese place names. Links in next post.

Reuters report on the matter:…
PRC announcements of new place names:

1st, 2017:
2nd, 2021:
3rd, 2023:
4th, 2024:…………
Read 4 tweets
Jan 23
Tomorrow, China's human rights record will be reviewed at the UN. At the last review in 2018, Beijing first admitted the existence of the camps.

China is fielding a 60-strong delegation under orders to handle problems in a "quiet, safe & swift manner".…
Beijing is expending considerable resources to ensure that the UPR review won't go anywhere.

Read about its tactics in this excellent overview by @SophieDRich:…
@SophieDRich Related op-ed by @benedictrogers, arguing that member states must be clear and specific in pointing out Beijing's egregious human rights violations. He suggests 10 points that could be raised.…
Read 6 tweets
Dec 8, 2023
BREAKING: U.S. sanctions first Chinese central government official over atrocities in Xinjiang:
Hu Lianhe, who defended the camps at the U.N. in 2018.

Hu is a deputy head of the central government's Xinjiang Leading Small Group and of the United Front.…
The justification for sanctioning him follows closely my analysis of Hu's role in my research article from 2021.

The Xinjiang LSG he co-leads was closely involved in the De-Extremification Regulation, which justified the re-education camps.…
Specifically the Central Xinjiang Work Coordination Small Group (中央新疆工作协调小组办公室) was closely involved in supervising the draft of the original Regulation, published in March 2017, and its revision, published in October 2018. Thus, he had close knowledge of the camps.
Read 10 tweets
Dec 6, 2023
New Xinjiang Police Files evidence shows that Uyghurs were sent from re-education camps directly to vocational institutions that organized job fairs with Volkswagen & advertise degrees with Volkswagen as a typical work destination. One victim: the Uyghur Adiljan Hashim. /1 新疆轻工职业技术学院
Police records show that Adiljan Hashim was detained in October 2017, then placed into the Xinjiang Light Industry Technical College (新疆轻工职业技术学院) in January 2018. This "release" was highly controlled and based on pre-agreed conditions (担保释放人员).
The Xinjiang Light Industry Technical College offers majors in fields such as automobile manufacturing (汽车制造). The college lists examples of a cooperation with companies including FAW-Volkswagen Xinjiang on its website, and advertises Volkswagen as a graduate employer. Image
Read 9 tweets
Nov 20, 2023
Pleased to publish another peer-reviewed article today on Xinjiang forced labor (4th this year), arguing why this forced labor requires reversing the burden of proof.

It evaluates EU draft legislation & analyses evolution of ILO measurement frameworks:🧵…
I would like to thank the Journal of Human Trafficking (@JournalOfHT) for publishing this article.

It's important to have work on Xinjiang forced labor published in a journal that specializes on forced labor, human trafficking, and modern slavery. Image
The article advances the to-date first systematic review of:
(1) the evolution of ILO efforts to measure forced labor, and of
(2) the suitability of the ILO’s 2012 Survey Guidelines in several Central Asian state-imposed forced labor contexts (XJ, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Taj). Image
Read 15 tweets
Nov 13, 2023
Major investigative report uncovers how large corporations including @bp_plc, Hilton & Spotify bought carbon credits at direct risk of Uyghur forced labor.

My team provided crucial research findings, implicating the world’s largest carbon consultancy: 🧵…
The Bachu carbon project developed by the world's largest carbon consultancy @southpoleglobal in Kashgar burns cotton stalks to generate climate neutral power.

These stalks are sourced from a region with multiple coercive labor transfers targeting Uyghurs to pick cotton.
Bachu is part of Xinjiang's most coercive labor transfer policies, see .

Our research identified multiple specific local cases of coercive state transfer efforts within the 50km radius within which the plan sources cotton…
Read 7 tweets

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