Elephants are associated with hindus since ancient times. Ramayana and Mahabharat mentions Use of Elephants in war. According to the Ramayan Airawat’s mother was Iravati. other legend says Airavata come out from churning the ocean (samundra manthan) . Image
The king of Gods and chief Vedic deity Indra is depicted as riding Airavata a mythological elephant when in went to combat and defeated Vrita. King Prithu made Airavata king of all elephants. Image
The ancient Indian Mahabharat elaborately depicts elephant warfare. They are recognized as an essential component of royal and military processions. In ancient India, the army was fourfold (chaturangna), consisting of infantry, cavalry, elephants and chariots.
A war elephant is an elephant that is trained and guided by humans for combat. The war elephant's main use was to charge the enemy to break their ranks and instill terror and fear in them. Image
According to Kauṭilya's #Arthaśāstra

ELEPHANTS are classified into 4 kinds in accordance with Karma bheda/training [कर्मस्कन्धाः चत्वारः]

which is tameable (दम्यः)

That which is trained for war (सान्नाह्यः)

That which is trained for riding (औपवाह्यः)
Rogue elephant (व्यालः)
It is widely accepted that use of elephant in warfare began in ancient India. The first elephant species to be tamed was the Asian elephant. Elephant taming may have begun in other places also but oldest evidence comes from the Indus Valley Civilization around roughly 2000 BC Image
Elephants were captured from the wild it was a difficult task but a necessary one given the difficulties of breeding in captivity and the long time required for an elephant to reach sufficient maturity to engage in battle.
Elephant was multipurpose animal in battle, to prevent a charge or to conduct one of their own, to shoot arrows in the middle of the battlefield, from which more targets could be seen & engaged. Their sheer size and their terrifying appearance made them valued heavy cavalry.
they could carry heavy materiel. Elephants could provide a safe and stable platform for archers Elephants were sometimes further enhanced with their own weaponry and armour as well Image
More to come on next thread.

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More from @Scion_of_Shekha

4 Dec
The War Elephant-2 part
The Mahabharata mentions the use of elephants in battle as 2nd preferred vehicle of the warriors.

Yudhistir, Bheema, Duryodhan, Vikarna, Bagdhatta, Saibya are some who are shown riding Elephant in battle.
Arjuna also knew how fight from elephant back. Image
The samyutta nikaya mentions a “hattharoho gamani’s” visit to budha. He is a head of village and by profession mercenary soldier of Elephant corp. the epics "NIkayas" and "Vinaya" assign proper place to elephant in army organization.
Each kingdom had its own elephant corps headed by a commander or superintendent

King Bimbisara (c. 543 BCE) relied heavily on his war elephants.

Alexandra returned back after hearing great number of Nanda army which also had 6,000 elephants. Image
Read 8 tweets
27 Nov
Marwari Horse- The Horse of Rajput- Read Thread

Marwari /Malani -is indigenous breed of India, the best cavalry horse of India. According to the traditional accounts, the Marwari horses were bred since at least the 12th century . The Marwaris were primarily war horses that/2
were primarily created with the purpose of appearing in the battlefields when there was an urgent need of creating such an animal that can act as a hardy mount to the royals and the soldiers. /3
The Rathores, rulers of Marwar, The most successful cavalry in India, were the traditional breeders of the Marwari. During the 12th century they followed strict selective breeding processes, keeping the finest stallions for the use of their subjects./4
Read 14 tweets

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