cubsjaw ↟ Profile picture
Dec 18, 2021 30 tweets 12 min read
Have you ever felt an unexplainable, deep connection or kinship when looking at a bear?
Or perhaps you have wondered why the bear is the source of so much ancient folklore and mythology?

This is because bears are our spiritual brothers.

Let's dive in 🐻: Image
Bears, like humans, have large brains compared to their body size. In fact, bears have the largest and most complex brain of all land mammals.
They have excellent long-term memory and navigation skills, and are able to learn and retain information very quickly. Image
Even more fascinating, however, is their ability to use tools.
Tool use is uncommon among mammals, but bears are an exception. They throw rocks and use sticks and trees to scratch themselves.
Polar bears have even been seen hurling blocks of ice at walruses to knock them out. Image
Bears' motor skills are more complex than you might think. These skills also suggest a strange ability to learn from humans.
If you've ever been to bear country, you'd know that bears can open all types of doors with their paws (more on paws later):
Beyond that though, bears seem to understand physics, even of man-made objects. This bear breaks through the door of a cabin, but reaches his paw out to catch the door before it swings back:
Bears are even known to sit in human pools or read the newspaper ImageImage
Like humans, bears are masters of their environment. They are agile climbers and excellent swimmers.
Also much like humans, bears are omnivorous with a one-chambered stomach. They seek out different foods based on their location.
Among those foods: salmon, deer, birds, eggs, and squirrels, as well as nuts, seeds, and fruits (apples, berries, plums, etc.) ImageImage
Bear anatomy is also strangely similar to humans. Take a look at their paws and note the similarities to human hands.
Fig. 1 is the bones of a human hand vs. a bear paw
Fig. 2 is a series of skinned bear paws (or are they human hands?) ImageImage
The mother bear's relationship to her cubs is well known. Bears spend anywhere between 1.5 to 3.5 years teaching their cubs everything they know and monitoring them closely. They are extraordinarily protective of their young, and have strong family units. Image
Lastly, and perhaps most interestingly, bears are often observed sitting still for long periods of time looking out at vistas or sunsets. While incredibly common, it has no scientific "explanation" -- beyond the idea that they may simply appreciate beauty, much like we do. Image
Moving on from behavior and anatomy, let's take a look at just how important the bear has been to humans throughout history:
The bear is strikingly present in the mythology and folklore of human societies -- this goes VERY far back.
Bear worship is found in North Eurasian ethnic religions, such as the Sami, Nivkh, Ainu, Basques, Germanics, Slavs, and Finns.
Many cultures have bear deities and totems. Image
The Sami would give offerings to a Sieidi (stone structure) before a bear hunt to awaken the bear's wandering spirit. Only one hunter (selected through divination) was allowed to attack the bear. The bear was welcomed into the community, and great care was taken to bury the bones Image
Sami legends also have accounts of noaidi (shamans) transforming into bears. They would often have relations with a human woman, and the spirit would be reborn in the son (who was given the strength of a bear)...
@_miasierra has provided us passages from Norwegian folklore which have similar stories, such as princes being turned into white bears. Image
Interestingly, this also mentions bears capturing pregnant women, which is notable --

Today, although it's controversial, women are advised to take precaution in bear country while menstruating. Bears have been known to react strongly to the smell of human menstrual blood
Going even further back, cave bear bones were often found arranged in such a way that suggests they may have been ritualistically stacked by Neanderthals in some kind of ceremony. My friend @AppalachianRune provides many sources on this debate: neandertals.org/ritual.html
As a last example, Norse literature has the berserkr figure, which is an "outlaw" warrior noted to have immense strength, like a bear. It is possible the berserkr wore bear skin into battle, a practice shared by many other unrelated cultures. ImageImage
So how does any of this make the bear our "spiritual brother"?
To put it simply, the focus on the bear in various human societies often goes a bit deeper than just veneration:
While today they are often just seen as wild or dangerous animals, many traditions see bears as either a "brother" or a "cousin" figure, related to kings or gods. Their wisdom is revered, and their spirit is cherished and invoked carefully. Image
In fact, bear flesh was often not eaten, because it was seen as cannibalism. This is found in both European (Finns) and North American (Salish) traditions. If it was eaten, great care was taken to symbolically render it into that of a different animal, like a deer.
In Finland, a hunted bear's head was usually mounted on the top of a young tree to help the bear's spirit reach the stars, where it was believed their souls come from. Image
Various accounts even go so far as to say that bears have their own astrology, with Steppe and Siberian cultures speaking of astrology as being handed down from a type of "cousin". This is often noted by my friend @LemurianTime
With all this in mind, it's hard not to see why the human-bear connection is so powerful. They seem to have a much deeper wisdom, intelligence, and spirit than a cursory review of scientific literature might imply. Image
I didn't go too deeply into specific ancient bear cults in this thread, as this has already been covered extensively by a few good friends. If you are interested in diving further, please check out the sources listed here:
Thread by @AncientDays1
... And this fascinating article about the Arctic Dorset people, written by @Paracelsus1092
stoneageherbalist.substack.com/p/i-was-fright…
My hope with this thread is to revitalize the spirit of the bear in OUR culture.
If you enjoyed this thread, please take a moment to thank all of the contributors:
@_miasierra
@AppalachianRune
@LemurianTime
@AncientDays1
@Paracelsus1092
I have been made aware of this excellent thread, which explores to more depth many of the traditions, cermonies, and practices introduced above. I would like to link this here for further reading:

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More from @cubsjaw

Mar 6
Getting back to my roots.
1 like = 1 ecological hot take
Ecological crimes should carry the harshest order of punishment. An attack on the land is an attack on our people - both physically and metaphysically.
I want to live in a world where oil tycoons, logging companies, mine operators, homebuilders, and all other threats to Life are put to justice in public.
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The American Chestnut was once the most important and valuable tree in eastern North America.
Now, it is nearly extinct.

This is the story of how an invasive species killed off this special tree, and in the process helped exterminate self-sufficient agrarian life in Appalachia: Image
The American Chestnut (Castanea dentata) is a hardwood tree native to eastern North America. It is considered the finest chestnut tree in the world. Growing up to 17 feet wide and up to 120 feet tall, old chestnuts were among the most stunning specimens in the eastern forests Image
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Nov 22, 2021
There is a popular “conspiracy theory” about some mountains being the stumps of prehistoric trees. While I personally believe this to be true based just on pure hope, here’s why giant prehistoric trees likely are very real: Image
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been deep innawoods without cell/wifi reception for a while, which has been nice. but walking around with the map reminded me to share this good, free resource with frens who may not be aware of it, i'll briefly show you how you can use it:
ngmdb.usgs.gov
Clicking "TopoView" will bring you to a large map, you can pinpoint an exact location and it will compile recorded topographic maps that include that point. I picked a random spot in the Adirondacks (fig 1), and selected a map PDF (fig 2). You can zoom quite close (fig 3) ImageImageImage
On the homepage you can also select "Map Catalog". Picking the same spot on the map as the last example, and checking "Use Area on Map" (fig 1), you can see lots of different reports. You can sort by geologic criteria if you need something specific, check out the range (fig 2) ImageImage
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--Thread--
Plants need light and CO2 to grow.
Take zooplankton (organisms that rely on algae for food). When more light is shone onto algae, the algae population increases. But instead of thriving, the zooplankton die out. Why? The algae is now less nutritious due to accelerated growth
As CO2 increases in the atmosphere, our plants grow faster. However, they abandon nutrients like zinc, magnesium, iron, and vitamins in favor of fast-acting glucose. This turns our plant foods into junk foods over time
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