A lot of people think that Bitcoin is “too expensive” for them to get involved. That it’s a tool for the already wealthy. This is not true. You might be wondering:

Do I need to buy a whole coin?
How should I value Bitcoin?

Let me explain a bit about how I think about it 👇
First and foremost, no, you do not need to buy a whole coin.

A Bitcoin is divisible into 100M units called Satoshis (yes, after Satoshi Nakamoto, the pseudonymous creator of Bitcoin).

You can buy ANY amount you’re comfortable with. As little as $0.25 on the @ln_strike app!
There are a million ways people try to value Bitcoin and all of them will give you different results.

I try to stay away from short term price predictions and look at it as more than an investment.

Bitcoin provides a new form of digital money that is native to the internet.
Bitcoin provides a censorship resistant, non-government money that can be transferred instantly and for nearly free anywhere on Earth.

It provides a hedge against the endless money printing causing rampant inflation all over the world.

It is an option to exit the fiat system
If I must provide you with some kind of valuation framework then I'd look at what people used before Bitcoin existed.

This is hard to do because there has never been something exactly like Bitcoin before.

One related asset class would be precious metals, specifically gold.
The market cap of gold is estimated to be about 10 trillion us dollars.

Gold is completely obsoleted by Bitcoin.

In time I am confident it will completely replace it.

That alone puts Bitcoin price over $400K, a 10x from today’s prices.
Bitcoin won't stop at the gold market cap, it will absorb a large percentage of pension funds, real estate, sovereign debt, etc.

In my bearish opinion, Bitcoin is on a path to be a $100 trillion dollar asset.

This puts the price well into the millions of dollars per coin.
I hate talking price but I hope this helped you understand why Bitcoin isn’t expensive, why you should own some Bitcoin and perhaps about its future potential value.

Please follow me for daily bitcoin educational content.

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More from @JohnCantrell97

Jan 16,
If you’ve done any research on the lightning network you’ve probably heard about Hash Time Locked Contracts (HTLCs):

What exactly are they?
Why do we need them?
How do they enable trustless payments?

I’ve been working with lightning for years, let me break it down for you 👇
Hash Time Locked Contracts are a way of doing conditional payments using smart contracts on Bitcoin.

As the name implies they use both a hashlock and a timelock to enable this functionality.

So what exactly are hashlocks and timelocks?
A hash refers to the output of a hash function like SHA256.

The important property to understand is that the hash provides no info about the input used to generate it.

A hashlock is a payment that is conditional on the recipient knowing the input that generates the hash
Read 12 tweets
Jan 15,
Bitcoin is designed to emit a total of 21,000,000 coins with the last bits of coin to be mined in the year 2140.

What exactly is the supply schedule?
What happens after 2140?

The supply schedule is one of the most important aspects of Bitcoin, let me break it down for you 👇
Every block that is mined is allowed to produce a certain amount of bitcoin.

This amount is called the block reward and it started at 50 bitcoin per block.

Every 210,000 blocks (roughly every 4 years) this reward halves. From 50 to 25 to 12.5 to 6.25 and so on.
This is what is referred to as the supply schedule.

The exact parameters aren’t important, it’s the fact that it is known ahead of time and cannot change that makes Bitcoin so revolutionary.

Everyone can know exactly how much BTC will exist at any point in the future.
Read 9 tweets
Jan 14,
What an exciting week it’s been in Bitcoin. Is it ever boring? Definitely not.

I hope you learned a lot from my educational threads this week.

In no particular order, here’s what I found most important or interesting this week 👇
@adamcurry explains to @joerogan why he believes his money is safer in Bitcoin, why it will be a huge part of our future, and why to stay away from shitcoins.

A must listen.

Read 9 tweets
Jan 14,
If you’ve done any research into Bitcoin you’ve heard people talk about private key storage.

What are keys?
What’s the difference between hot and cold storage?
Which should I use?

Keys are one of the most important topics in Bitcoin. Let me break it down for you 👇
To understand keys you need to know a little bit about cryptography.

Keys generally come as a pair of public and private keys.

The most common use of keys is to encrypt and decrypt messages.

However, in Bitcoin they are primarily used to generate and verify signatures.
In order to spend Bitcoin you need to produce a signature by signing every tx you make in order to prove to the network that you control the UTXOs being spent.

You use your private keys to produce this signature.

If you need a refresher on UTXOs:
Read 11 tweets
Jan 13,
You probably saw the news this week that two people have solo mined a Bitcoin block and earned 6.25 BTC worth over $250,000. You’re probably wondering

What is solo mining?
How much does it cost?
What are the odds?
Should you be mining?

Let me break it down for you 👇
Solo mining is exactly what it sounds like. It’s what you probably think of when you think of mining. It means someone is mining all by themselves.

So why is it explicitly called out as “solo mining”? It’s because the norm these days is to mine as part of a pool.
What is a mining pool? Well as more and more people mine it becomes harder and harder to mine a block by yourself.

This means the time it takes for you to find a block is also increasing. In order to generate a steady stream of revenue miners often pool together.
Read 16 tweets
Jan 12,
We learned yesterday that when you own Bitcoin, you control keys that can spend UTXOs. In case you missed it:

Let me explain how with proper UTXO management you can save money and maintain your privacy 👇
How can learning to manage your UTXOs help you save money?

Well if you remember from this thread:

We learned that the cost to send Bitcoin is proportional to the size of the tx and that the size of the tx depends on the size of the inputs and outputs.
The UTXOs we control are used as inputs for all txs that we make. This gives us control over the size of our tx.

When picking inputs to use we need to make sure the total amount in is >= the total amount going out. We can save money by minimizing the number of inputs we use.
Read 15 tweets

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