Noura Erakat Profile picture
Jan 20 18 tweets 8 min read
In light of Zionist ethnic cleansing of Palestinians in #SheikhJarrah and the #Naqab happening right now, I thought it useful to draw on @PalStudies archive for some historical context. #Thread
In 1985, Palestinian jurist Hanna Dib Nakkara, published an article titled, "Israeli Land Seizure Under Various Defense and Emergency Regulations" detailing Israeli theft of Palestinian land in th language of law. tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.230… #Apartheid #SettlerColonialism
While Zionists frame Britain’s Defense Emergency Regulations (1945) as technology to crush Zionist opposition to British rule, Nakkara shows that they were originally enacted as orders in council against Palestinian Arabs. #EthnicCleansing #SheikhJarrah #Naqab
Upon its establishment, the new Israeli Govt adopted the emergency regulations nearly verbatim to use against the Palestinians who remained in order to suppress their protest and expropriate their lands in ongoing #settlercolonial expansion.
Nakkara focuses on Regulation 125 which empowered a military commander to declare “whole [Palestinian] villages and most of the fertile and plains lands of inhabited villages to be closed area” for the purposes of expropriating them. #Apartheid #SettlerColonialism
“Every Arab village or town,whether inhabited or not, was declared 2 be a separate closed area. Arabs were not allowed to leave their village or town,even 4 the purpose of cultivating their lands or collecting their olives or fruits,unless they obtained a military permit 2do so”
The Cultivation of Waste Land Regulations then enabled the Israeli Minister of Agriculture to declare the lands fallow and thus no longer in “the possession of their owners”
The final expropriation was facilitated by the Land Acquisition Regulation (1953) which “appropriated the legal rights” of possession and to “transfer the ownership” to the Israeli Development Authority.
Nakkara notes that More than 4,500,000 dunums of cultivable land, out of a total area of 16,324,000 dunums (including most of the Negeb lands) or abandoned Arab property, were transferred in this way” #EthnicCleansing #SheikhJarrah #Naqab
Israeli military rule created an “atmosphere for fear, terror, and oppression” exacerbated by the Israeli military practice of “collecting Arabs from their homes” and loading them on trucks to the Lebanese & Jordanian armistice lines where they ordered them to cross at gunpoint.
As a trained jurist, Nakkara took particular note that the whole process was beyond judicial review, ironically in “a country which claims to be a democratic country…” #ApartheidIsrael
He writes, “The act of stealing Arab lands & transferring them to Jews is not only an act of discrimination, but one of vandalism of the 1st degree comparable only 2 procedures followed by the South African govt in its imposition of the #apartheid rule on its African population.”
While Israel claims that it compensated the #Palestinians for their lands, the Govt arbitrarily set the amount of compensation based on the prevailing price on January 1, 1950- when there “were no market prices for land…land was not a commodity at that time.” #LandBack
Palestinians resisted fervently. Conferences, meetings, and protests held throughout the country, delegations to the Knesset, press conferences, petitions…all which failed to release the lands to their rightful inhabitants.
Some Israeli Communists opposed this law, including Dr. Israel Carlebach- founder and chief editor of Ma’ariv, who commented, “If the law decides against the thief, and the thief is very powerful, then he makes another law supporting his view” #ApartheidIsrael
The Security Zones Regulations (1949) were deployed particularly against Palestinians to remove them. The Minister of Defense declared the entire Northern Galilee bordering Lebanon and Syria, the Triangle area, and the railway line near Battir “security zones”
This enabled Military commanders to forcibly remove Palestinians from their homes as was done in Iqrit and Kafr Bir’im- where Palestinians were forcibly loaded onto army trucks, their homes blown up, and they were transferred to Mount Kan’an. #EthnicCleansing #SheikhJarrah #Naqab
Their protests were dismissed on the pretext of “security” Nakkara closes by noting that “All attempts by United Nations' bodies to secure their return to their own villages failed.” #EthnicCleansing #ApartheidIsrael #SheikhJarrah #Naqab

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More from @4noura

Oct 14, 2021
In todays edition of living while Palestiniqn. Journo interested in IHRA critique asks me if Palestinian protest doesnt risk turning into anti Jewish hate. So here we go #Thread #IHRA
First off, the fact that young Palestinians who have only known Israeli siege and massacre and aerial bombardment & snipers in Gaza distinguish bw Zionists and Jews and rally for a decolonial future for all. THAT is a remarkable example of humanity and what should be the story.
Second, since the only thing that has been hateful has been Israel’s racialized violence, its siege, its shoot to kill policies, its home demolitions - the story is about Zionist settler hate. It is THE primary teacher and exemplar of hate.
Read 5 tweets
Sep 11, 2021
Israel has recaptured four of the six Palestinian political prisoners who self-liberated themselves using spoons against nuclear weapons and grotesque racial domination. #PalestinianPrisoners #TheGreatEscape #FreeThemAll
While Palestinian hearts weigh heavy at this news, they are also irreversibly uplifted by an indefatigable will to be free. 104 years of imperial sponsored setter colonization and here we are fighting still and far from disappeared as the settlers and their sponsors conspired.
The world witnessed this prison break & should b reminded that Israel holds captive 4500 Palestinians, ~300 w/o charge or trial, 7 81 corpses held hostage after death. It should also b reminded that these numbers reflect an apartheid regime which condemns to permanent subjugation
Read 6 tweets
Aug 24, 2021
I spoke w a journo about the upcoming #Biden/#Bennett mtg. Ill spare you commentary on the problem with news production and the ways Palestinians are expected to fill a quote gap in a story - sorry to disappoint - and just share thoughts on that mtg. #ImperialPatron #THREAD
Both Biden/Bennett want to establish clear breaks & distinctions from their infamous predecessors whose shared love for militarized nationalist supremacy wasn't such a great hit with Western liberal audiences - most of the global south recognized power in a different tone so 🤷‍♀️
But Biden continues Obama legacy, who was quite pro-Israel despite personal antagonism w Netanyahu, & Bennett is to the right of Netanyahu & reps a settler movement that believes in *Greater Israel* & isn't very concerned w human rights or crimes against humanity like apartheid.
Read 9 tweets
Aug 9, 2021
Difficult to comprehend that today 7 yrs ago, a cop shot to kill #MichaelBrown & left him laid out in grueling #Ferguson heat for 4 hours. It happened in the midst of Israel's aerial onslaught of Gaza & catalyzed renewals of #BlackPalestinianSolidarity. Since then...
more cops & vigilantes have shot to kill unarmed Black folks catalyzing the most significant Black uprisings of our time in the summer 2020. Israeli officers have shot to kill too many Palestinians, including my cousin, #AhmadErekat 6 times above the waist in 2 seconds, &....
launched an even more devastating onslaught of besieged Palestinians in #Gaza then we've seen in the past 2 decades of systemic warfare catalyzing the most significant #Palestinian uprising in recent history.
Read 5 tweets
May 17, 2021
For folks refusing to contend with Zionist militarism & believe that Israel would cease its bombardment if Hamas was demilitarized, remember: in 1996, Israel deliberately struck a UN compound in #Qana sheltering civilians & protected by peacekeepers. Israel intends to terrorize.
Israel had the coordinates of the compound & multiple warnings from UN personnel that only civilians were inside. Under the command of Moshe Ya'alon, Israel struck the compound and killed 100 civilians, including two young boys from Michigan visiting their grandmama that summer.
I worked w @theCCR & cooperating attorneys to sue Ya'alon for #WarCrimes under the Alien Tort Statute in 2006- the case was dismissed on grounds that it was better suited for another branch of US Govt. These are the fruits of impunity. #Qana ccrjustice.org/sites/default/…
Read 4 tweets
Mar 11, 2021
How? How is it possible that I take my nephew to his soccer practice & the team manager bee lines for us, asks if I was born in this country, & then proceeds to explain how much time he spent in Israel in his capacity in the Air Force 👀👀👀 wait, it gets fresher.
When I explain I’m Palestinian (again) he tries to make nice and explain that he spent a lot of time managing money/fundraising for Palestinian security forces 😱😱😱I really thought it couldn’t get worse...when I said oh, 2006, the Dayton Forces, I actually study what you do....
Then I don’t know what compels him to tell me: “ya I was there from 2004-2007 when Syria was raining missiles on Israel” 👀 that’s not what you mean, Syria hasn’t attacked Israel since 1973...he laughs & says it was so cool how Israelis just stayed on the beach during the war 😱
Read 6 tweets

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