ابن زهير Profile picture
Jun 17 45 tweets 8 min read

This is an academic refutation of the statement 'Islam is a religion of violence/terrorism'. Every point will be referenced with sources.

1) Islam is a religion of high culture and civilization based on universal values. Throughout the past fifteen centuries, Islamic culture and civilization have summoned all mankind, regardless of nationality and descent, toward kindness, mercy, generosity, and justice.
2) For centuries, Islam has proven that it is a source of science, education, and civilization around the world. Islam is against violence and evil, and, conversely, promotes the idea of goodness and mercy.
3) The Holy Quran says: "Invite ˹all˺ to the Way of your Lord with wisdom and kind advice, and only debate with them in the best manner” [16:125]. Also, the last prophet of the Almighty Creator, Mohammed ﷺ, was sent down to the Earth in order to establish peace and harmony.
4) This is said in the Holy Quran: "(Oh, Mohammed!) We have sent you only as a mercy to the worlds" [21:107]. These values of Islam today have a special role and have become an integral part of global cultures. Extremism and terrorism do not further any religious or human values.
5) The saddest thing is that the religion of Islam, which calls for amiability, peace, and harmony, as well as tolerance for other beliefs, is portrayed by extremists in a negative light, creating an image of a hostile, threatening, and dangerous religion.
6) These people, who hide behind Islam in order to achieve their goals, corrupt the meaning of the Quranic verses and the Hadith to fit their evil ideology. However, there are absolutely no links between extremism and terrorism and Islam.
7) The Quran is very clear in condemning acts of violence and aggression in numerous passages but terorrists and Islamophobes alike both try to misquote a handful of verses in order to portray Islam is violent.
8) The most frequently misquoted Quranic passage is for example chapter 2 verse 191. It is argued that the Quran says ‘kill them wherever you find them’ but look at the verses immediately before and after. ImageImage
9) “Fight in the cause of God, those who fight you and do not commit aggression, verily God does not love those who transgress”. So ‘kill them’ that is talking about the attackers. 'Wherever you find them and drive them out from where they have driven you out but if they cease... ImageImage
10) .. in fighting then let there be no hostility except against the oppressors'. All of a sudden it becomes crystal clear that this phrase is referring only to those waging war against you. ImageImage
11) Even during war, there were strict rules the muslims needed to obey. You tell me a nation which says to the people:

“Bring no harm to the trees, nor burn them with fire, especially those which are fruitful.”(Muwatta Malik, book 21)
12) ‘Neither kill a child, nor a woman, nor an aged man.” (Muwatta Malik, book 21)

“When an enemy is defeated he should be made prisoner rather than be killed” [Qur’an 47:4]

“Treat the captives well.” [al-Mu’jam al-Kabīr 977]

“Don’t kill non-combatants” [Qur’an 4:74]
13) “Don’t attack wounded soldiers (unless the person is still fighting)” [Qur'an 4:74]

"Slay not any of the enemy's flock" (Muwatta Malik, book 21)

“You must not mutilate dead bodies.” (Muwatta Malik, book 21)

“Leave monks/priests alone” (Muwatta Malik, book 21)
“Do not destroy a church, synagogue, or a place of worship" Sharh At-Tabsira wa At-Tazkira (p.191)

"Don’t enforce Islam" [Qur’an 2:256]
15) ‘Historical view’
The historical Mohammed ﷺ who was born 570 a.d. was a merchant from the city of Mecca, he frequently traveled to cities like Jerusalem and Damascus in the Eastern Roman Empire. His trade would have been disrupted in the year 603 when the Persian Empire ..
16) ... invaded the Roman Near East. Bedouins at that time were polytheists and worshipped in total 360 idols. On the night of the first revelation which occurred around the year 610, the chapter ends by saying "and peace it is until the breaking of the down".
17) The revelation brings with it the peace of worship and spirituality. Mohammed ﷺ began preaching a strict monotheism to Meccan pagans who were outraged. They harassed and boycotted Mohammed’s early believers and in the face of this persecution, ...
18) .. the Quran advises Mohammed ﷺ in chapter 73 “be patient with what they say and take your leave of them graciously”, chapter 41 proclaims “(O Prophet), good and evil are not equal.
19) Repel (evil) with that which is good, and you will see that he, between whom and you there was enmity, shall become as if he were a bosom friend (of yours).”
20) The chapter called ‘The Criterion’ speaks of: "the servants of the All-Merciful (God) who walk humbly upon the earth and when the ignorant address them they reply, peace".
21) Some sources alleged that Muhammad ﷺ and the believers supported the Roman Empire and that the pagans supported the Iranian empire (which is also the islamic view).
22) The Quran tells Mohammed ﷺ of the year 622 “recall when the pagans were intriguing against you to kidnap you or murder you or to expel you’ – (8:30). Under pressure the Prophet ﷺ and his small community emigrated to the nearby city of Medina.
23) Pagan Mecca however launched three military campaigns and an attempt to take Medina and crush the new religion of Islam. In each case the believers and their allies in Medina who included the city's Jewish community repelled these attacks.
24) The Quran suggests that one goal of these defensive battles was to protect Roman Christian churches to the north from the pagan Marauders.
25) The Quranic verses commanding self-defense have been cherry-picked by anti-Muslim writers and by small cells of extremists to depict the prophet and Islam as militant. This is far from accurate, ...
26) ... the Quran says: "fight in the path of god, those who enter into combat against you but do not commit aggression, god does not love aggressors” [2:190].
27) The Quran instructs the Prophet ﷺ to forgive the enemy and to always seek peace, "say to the pagans that if they desist they will be forgiven for what went before" [8:38] it adds "if they incline towards peace you must incline towards it" [8:61].
28) By the year 629 Rome had defeated the Iranians who could no longer proffer any support to the pagans in western Arabia. Early in the year 630 the Prophet led the believers a peaceful procession from Medina to the holy city of Mecca.
29) There was some danger that the bellicose polytheists might massacre them. The Quran says “behold the pagans instilled in their hearts a war fever the war fever of the unruly but God sent down his peace on his messenger and on the believers”.
30) Almost miraculously however the Meccans folded. The Quran recalls of “God he it is who withheld their hands from you and your hands from them in the heart of Mecca after he made you ascendant over”.
31) The final chapter of the sacred history ended without a military confrontation it ended rather with peace.
32) One of the last passages of the Quran says “God thereby guides those who follow his good pleasure to the ways of peace and delivers them from the shadows into light by his leave and conducts them to the straight path”.
33) 'Statistics' :
Muslims believe that Islam clearly condemns violence but with violence committed in the name of religion many people believe that religion itself is to blame.
34) Some people even think that humanity would be better off without religion and that religion hinders peace. A quick look at history shows why this view is factually incorrect.

World War I was not about religion but nationalism, it claimed the lives of 15 million people.
World War II was about fascism and up to 80 million people were killed.

Soviet atheism was explicitly against religion but it resulted in more violence and deaths than any religious battle in human history, 62 million people were murdered under the Soviet regime.
And in the past centuries European colonialism resulted in the deaths of 50 million people.

The bottom line is that it doesn't matter whether an ideology is religious or non-religious.
37) Any ideology becomes a cause for violence when it is imposed by force or when it is used to dehumanize others. Dehumanization or the denial of the humanity of others is the step that permits killing with impunity. ImageImageImage
38) Conclusion:
The Quran is very clear in condemning acts of violence and aggression in numerous passages. The terrorist actions are completely contrary to the principles of Islam.
39) Unfortunately, many of the verses revealed at the time of the Prophet ﷺ, when Muslims were fighting defensive wars, are being cherry-picked by terrorists and islamophobes.
40) The media ends up siding with their narrative, this ignores the way 1.8 billion mainstream followers of Islam understand their faith.
41) References:
•Ali, M. (2021). The Holy Quran: Correct translation of the Holy Quran in English. Independently published.

•Aly, H. (2014, April 24). Islamic law and the rules of war. The New Humanitarian.

•BBC. (2009, August 13). Islam: War.
•Cole, J. (2020). Muhammad: Prophet of Peace Amid the Clash of Empires (Reprint ed.). Bold Type Books.

•Cole, J. (2021, April 29). Muhammad: A Prophet of War? IslamiCity.

•Fatawa - Prohibiting attack on churches. (2011). Dar Al-Ifta al Misriyyah.
•Islam Against Extremism and Terrorism. (2015, October 30). Central Asian Ulema Forum.

•Jihad - Muwatta Malik. (n.d.). Sunnah.
•Khan, N. (2016, November 16). Forever on Trial—Islam and the Charge of Violence. Yaqeen Institute for Islamic Research.

•Sheikh, N. S. & Al Manhal FZLLC. (2009). Body Count. Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre.

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