Jake Profile picture
Feb 20 16 tweets 8 min read Read on X
Years before the disaster of Forced Busing demolished Boston’s public school system, there were already warning signs of what was to come. The neighborhoods of Mattapan and Hyde Park got a preview of what “racial balance” integration would look like. It did not look promising. 🧵
Image
Image
In the mid-1960s Lewenberg Middle School in Boston's Mattapan neighborhood looked like an incredible success story. In addition to a stellar academic reputation, the school had also been one of the few in Boston to achieve some level of racial balance.
Image
Image
Attempting to appease civil rights complaints, Boston began allowing "open enrollment" transfers into Lewenberg in 1965, offering Black families a chance to attend the elite school. But as the racial balance tipped, alarmed parents saw standards declining, almost immediately. Image
Soon the recently-elite school was unrecognizable. One teacher, returning for the start of the school year in 1968, was stunned by the change: “From the first day of school it was clear that the teachers had lost control.” “White students huddled together for protection ..."
Image
Image
The teacher kept a diary of his experiences at the now majority-Black school: Multiple fights, assaulted teachers, Cafeteria riots - “Today I broke up five fights. I asked the principal … to call the police in. He told me to go back to my room.”
Image
Image
If the civil rights activists theories about the benefits of integration were correct, then the integration of the Lewenberg School should have been a showpiece success story. Instead, violence and mayhem were now routine, and the once-elite middle school was being trashed.
Image
Image
The disorder at the Lewenberg school spilled out into the surrounding community. Trashed school supplies littered nearby streets. Mattapan residents and business were harassed and assaulted by the young Black students.

Image
Image
Image
Mattapan's Jewish parents began pulling their children from the now all-too integrated local schools. Using the “open enrollment” policy, they transferred to schools in a seemingly-unlikely destination - nearby Hyde Park, a predominantly Catholic neighborhood. Image
In 1970, Hyde Park was a neighborhood of second and third-generation Irish and Italian immigrant families, living in owner-occupied homes, happily-assimilated into middle-class America - One of Boston's safest areas, where children walked to school. But a storm was gathering. Image
The demographic change that had rocked Mattapan began to impact Hyde Park. In the mid-1960s, a new teacher at High Park High School was greeted with “Welcome to the country club.” But by 1970, Blacks were 7.5 percent of the student body, and trouble was brewing. Image
In January 1970, a Black High Park High student stabbed two Whites after school. The school was in turmoil. The next day half the students stayed home. Parents were upset that the Black youth charged with the stabbings was allowed to return to the school.
Image
Image
February 1971 saw more turmoil, walk-outs, and allegations of violence in several schools, including Hyde Park. A common complaint from White students and their parents was that Black students were not being punished for misbehavior.
Image
Image
Into the following school year, Boston struggled to maintain order at Hyde Park High. Racial tension threatened to reach a boiling point after a group of White girls was attacked by a group of Black girls.
Image
Image
In the aftermath of the attack, Hyde Park High was on the edge of more violence. A Black student was arrested for bringing weapons into the school. White girls charged that they were being harassed, threatened, and assaulted by Blacks girls in the school. Image
Despite the turmoil in Mattapan, Hyde Park, and at integrated schools across the city, civil rights integration-fanatics showed no inclination to slow down. For Boston families, much worse was to come - Forced Busing was on the way.
Image
Image
Years later, a documentary would capture what had become of the Hyde Park High School after a few years of Forced Busing integration. It was not a pretty scene. The “Country Club” high school was gone forever.

• • •

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh
 

Keep Current with Jake

Jake Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!

PDF

Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @s_decatur

Apr 8
Yankee-Irish conflict and the Boston Draft Riot of 1863: Refugees from the Great Famine caused Boston’s Irish population to explode - rising from a mere handful, to over a third of the city’s population.
One Yankee complained that Boston had become the “Dublin of America." 🧵/26
Image
Image
The city simply could not cope with the deluge. Poverty stricken and unskilled, the new arrivals were packed into crowded tenements. Disease and unsanitary conditions took a terrible toll. During a cholera epidemic, the life-expectancy of Irish males fell to fourteen years. 2/26
Image
Image
Not surprisingly, this tidal-wave of poverty-stricken Catholic immigrants did not receive a warm welcome from the Puritan-descended Yankees of Boston. The “shattering of Boston’s ethnic homogeneity” created an intense anti-Irish, anti-Catholic backlash. 3/26
Image
Image
Read 27 tweets
Apr 1
White Flight from the Bronx – 1950 to 1980:
> The borough saw an explosive increase in crime, drug traffic, and arson during its demographic transformation.
🧵1/9 (h/t @Steve_Sailer )




Image
Image
Image
Image
The advent of NYC public transportation transformed the borough from farmland to a “streetcar suburb.” The population exploded with ethnic immigrants – Mainly Jews, but also Irish and Italians. Even during hard economic times The Bronx had been a safe place for families.
2/9


Image
Image
Image
Image
As late as 1950, The Bronx was still about 90 percent White, and the residents were enjoying life in their tranquil neighborhood. But The Bronx residents saw a rapid increase in crime and drugs as demographic change transformed life in the borough.
3/9


Image
Image
Image
Image
Read 9 tweets
Mar 10
Historian William Henry Chamberlin discussing the post-WWII ethnic cleansing of ethnic-German civilians from Eastern Europe: “some fourteen million in all … driven from their homes … where their ancestors had lived for centuries …”
Short 🧵
Image
Image
"... perhaps as many as three million may have perished either as a result of outright massacre or from cold, hunger, and disease." Image
The horrific experience of an East Prussian woman was typical: Expelled from her home, and then robbed of food and clothing; traveling in train cars “littered with corpses.”
Image
Image
Read 5 tweets
Feb 3
Part II - Black-Jewish conflict in Boston as neighborhoods transitioned in the late 1960s. In April of 1968 Black radicals threatened to burn down the once-stately Mishkan Tefila temple complex unless it was turned over to the “Black community” free of charge.🧵
Image
Image
By the 1950s, most wealthy Jews had abandoned Boston for the suburbs, and the temple had been purchased by a Lubavitcher sect, who lacked funds to maintain it. They soon found themselves under siege in a neighborhood that was now overwhelmingly Black and increasingly hostile.
Image
Image
Some Jewish leaders hatched a plan to transfer the deteriorating temple complex to a Black community group led by Elma Lewis - hoping this might improve the increasingly strained relations between Boston’s Blacks and Jews.

Image
Image
Image
Read 16 tweets
Jan 28
In 1967, Federal Agencies and a group of mostly Jewish businessmen attempted to rehabilitate the deteriorating housing in Boston’s overwhelmingly Black neighborhood of Roxbury. The attempt ended in anger and disappointment, highlighting the precarious nature of the “alliance.” 🧵
Image
Image
Over the decades, Roxbury had experienced waves of ethnic transition - from Yankee protestant, to mainly Irish Catholic, to Eastern European Jewish. But the transition from Jewish to Black would be the most turbulent. Crime skyrocketed; there were riots in 1967 and 1968.

Image
Image
Image
Ambitious Great Society programs were designed to improve housing. But despite the torrent of federal funds and idealistic rhetoric, only a tiny percentage of slum housing had been reclaimed. Image
Read 16 tweets
Nov 22, 2023
In a 1999 essay, Tom Wolfe described how an academic mafia set out to destroy the brilliant evolutionary biologist Edward O. Wilson. This included hysterical attacks from his Harvard colleagues Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin - demonizing Wilson as a "Nazi in embryo." 🧵

Image
Image
Image
Wilson’s crime in the eyes of his leftist colleagues was rejecting the idea of the “Blank Slate” – Theorizing that human traits and behaviors have evolved, genetic roots - That “nature” may play a more dominant role than “nurture.”
Image
Image
Wilson's enemies set out to "cancel" him. Gould and Lewontin teamed-up with the “Science for the People” to attack Wilson's theories. Protesters picketed his class at Harvard. At one conference a protester dumped a carafe of ice water over Wilson's head.

Image
Image
Image
Read 8 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!


This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Don't want to be a Premium member but still want to support us?

Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal

Or Donate anonymously using crypto!

Ethereum

0xfe58350B80634f60Fa6Dc149a72b4DFbc17D341E copy

Bitcoin

3ATGMxNzCUFzxpMCHL5sWSt4DVtS8UqXpi copy

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us!

:(