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1. Voting Machine Mega Thread Part 1: ES&S, Diebold, HAVA
90+ Posts all Sourced
2. Two voting machine vendors have dominated US Elections since about 2002: Diebold Election Systems (renamed “Premier in 2007) and ES&S.
3. In 2009, ES&S said its systems were in 43 states & counted abt 50% of votes in last 4 major U.S. elections wired.com/2009/09/diebol…
4. In 2009, Diebold Inc. sold its elections division, Diebold Election Systems, to ES&S.
cleveland.com/business/index…
5. In 2010, DOJ forced ES&S to 2 sell Diebold bc ES&S + Diebold provided more than 70% of US voting equipment

justice.gov/opa/pr/justice…
6. Later that year, Diebold (30% US voting equipment) was acquired by Dominion. bradblog.com/?p=7906
7. Dominion then bought Sequoia (20% of US voting equipment) as well. bradblog.com/?p=7906
8. Current rough breakdown is:
30% Diebold/Premier (Dominion)
40% ES&S
20% Sequoia (Dominion)
10% Hart
.bradblog.com/?p=7906
9. In this thread, I focus on the two top gun EVM vendors (ES&S & Diebold) and the federal legislation (HAVA) that made them so dominant.
10. Election Systems & Software (ES&S) of Nebraska
11. Two brothers from Nebraska, Bob and Todd Urosevich, founded ES&S in the late 1970’s under the name DataMark.
omaha.com/columnists/kel…
12. Omaha Herald: the Urosevich Bros got big funding in 1979 from a family friend & changed the company name to AIS omaha.com/columnists/kel…
13. Mother Jones says it was in 1984 that the Urosevich Bros. got the big funding & changed the co. name 2 AIS motherjones.com/politics/2004/…
14. Bob Urosevich was president of AIS, but in 1995 started another Nebraska voting machine company called I-Mark verifiedvoting.org/resources/voti…
15. I-Mark was later acquired by Global (which later became Diebold), where Bob Urosevich was made president. verifiedvoting.org/resources/voti…
16. Todd stayed at AIS (later ES&S) as vice president. Thus, ES&S & Diebold are related thru the Urosevich Bros. omaha.com/columnists/kel…
17. I will discuss Diebold in detail later in this thread. But first, AIS/ES&S.
18. In 1992, Republican Chuck Hagel became chairman of AIS (ES&S) motherjones.com/politics/2004/…
19. Hagel resigned from the AIS Board on 3/15/96 & announced his candidacy for US Senate “[a] few days later.” motherjones.com/politics/2004/…
20. Wired similarly reported that Hagel launched his Nebraska Senate bid “two weeks” after resigning from AIS. wired.com/2004/03/how-e-…
21. During the 1996 campaign, Hagel (former chair AIS) said he opposed abortion even in the case of rape & incest
washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/w…
22. Hagel defied early polls by winning the Senate race less than 8 mos. after announcing his candidacy. motherjones.com/politics/2004/…
23. Business Week called Hagel’s (former chair AIS/ES&S) victory a “landslide upset.” blackboxvoting.org/bbv_footnotes.…
24. A pre-election poll called the race a “dead heat,” but Repub Hagel (former chair AIS/ES&S) won by 15 points harpers.org/archive/2012/1…
25. Reporting from the Columbus Free Press re: the Hagel (former chair AIS/ES&S) surprise election victory. columbusfreepress.com/article/it-doe…
26. Reporting from Wired re: the Hagel (former chair AIS/ES&S) surprise election victory. wired.com/2004/03/how-e-…
27. Even after election, Hagel had millions invested in AIS’s parent co., whose founder was his campaign treasurer.
harpers.org/archive/2012/1…
28. Hagel (former AIS chair) even won in large African American communities that had never before voted Republican dailykos.com/stories/2008/1…
29. AIS/ES&S machines tallied 85% of the votes in race that Hagel (former chair of AIS/ES&S) unexpectedly won. motherjones.com/politics/2004/…
30. In 1997, AIS of Nebraska merged with Business Records Corporation of Texas to form ES&S of Nebraska.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Election_…
31. BRC (which merged into ES&S) was started w/ $ from Nelson Bunker Hunt, a proponent of Christian Reconstruction yesmagazine.org/issues/whose-w…
32. I hope to search corporate records to further confirm that Nelson Bunker Hunt funded voting machine co. BRC (which merged into ES&S)
33. MJ says the “family” of Christian Reconstructionist Nelson Bunker Hunt played a “key role” in financing ES&S
motherjones.com/politics/2005/…
34. “Christian Reconstructionism” holds that America must be reconstructed as a Christian nation for the 2d Coming. newyorker.com/magazine/2012/…
35. DataMark (AIS/ES&S precursor) got most of its $ from family of Christian Reconstructionist Howard Ahmanson
motherjones.com/politics/2005/…
36. Nasdaq says the Ahmansons bought a 68% stake in AIS in 1984 & McCarthy Grp later acquired a share of the stake nasdaq.com/press-release/…
37. Per this CNP directory, Nelson B. Hunt & H. Ahmanson (both w/ family $ in ES&S) were CNP members in early 1980s. seekgod.ca/cnp.ho.htm
38. ABC News has reported that Hunt was one of the Council for National Policy's ("CNP") founders. abcnews.go.com/Politics/story…
39. The CNP is a secretive networking group for social conservatives & other Repub extremists & wealthy donors.
washingtontimes.com/topics/council…
40. NYT called the CNP “a little known club of a few hundred of the most powerful conservatives in the country”
nytimes.com/2004/08/28/us/…
41. The CNP keeps its member lists private, but the Southern Poverty Law Center got a copy in 2014. splcenter.org/sites/default/…
42. CNP's 2014 directory shows that B. DeVos’s husband has been president 2x & that KellyAnn & Bannon are members. splcenter.org/sites/default/…
43. The New Yorker confirms the Mercers are also in the Council for National Policy ("CNP"). newyorker.com/magazine/2017/…
44. Pence recently confirmed that he too is in the Council for National Policy ("CNP").
45. The Council for National Policy ("CNP") was founded in 1981 by Nelson Bunker Hunt & Paul Weyrich among others abcnews.go.com/Politics/story…
46. Film of Weyrich who started CNP w/ Hunt (who funded EVM company that merged into ES&S)
47. Weyrich also heavily promoted ties between the GOP and Russia.
48. WEYRICH helped w/ Russia House, "THE GO-BETWEEN for RUSSIAN & U.S. BUSINESSES...SAID TO BE THE 1ST OF IT KIND" washingtonpost.com/archive/lifest…
49. Weyrich even "bemoaned the Bush admin’s failure to draw closer to Russia..." rightweb.irc-online.org/profile/weyric…
50. B4 election 2000, ES&S bought its control cards from a Russian expat who was evasive 2 reporter Bollyn bollyn.com/death-of-democ…
51. Original Christopher Bollyn article from @SwissTriple_M! (who alerted me to the Russian expat/control card issue)
52. DailyKos reporting re: Bollyn's scoop that ES&S gets its control cards from a co. owned by a Russian expat. dailykos.com/stories/2004/1…
53. Plz note that Bollyn also claims that Israel was behind the 911 attacks, a claim that is not credible.
54. But as to the control cards, ES&S’s current website confirms that ES&S still gets them from the co. owned by the Russian expat.
54a. Post 54 is a great find by @swisstriple_m!
55. As far as I can tell, the mainstream media has never investigated the connection between the Russian expatriate and ES&S.
56. ES&S manufactures & sells both optical scanners and touchscreen (Direct Record Electronic aka “DRE”) machines verifiedvoting.org/resources/voti…
57. Opscans use paper ballots, which can in THEORY be HAND counted to determine if a machine has been hacked. medium.com/@jhalderm/want…
58. DRE’s w/ voter verified paper audit trails (VVPAT) use cash register type “reels,” which r hard 2 hand count. verifiedvoting.org/resources/voti…
59. Many (perhaps most) states do not require that recounts be conducted by HAND in the first place.
60. As of 04, “Most states prohibit[ed] ... examining the paper ballots” used w/ opscans electiondefensealliance.org/florida_op_sca… … …
61. The provisions for hand recounts in most states remain either non-existent or woefully inadequate.
62. During the 2016 recount, the court in Wisconsin refused to order counties to recount by HAND.
journaltimes.com/news/state-and…
63. Altho some Wisc counties voluntarily agreed to recount by hand, most large Wisc counties refused. d3n8a8pro7vhmx.cloudfront.net/jillstein/page…
64. Contrary to what election officials claim, it wld NOT require widespread hacking to alter an election outcome. politico.com/story/2016/09/…
65. Univ of Penn. found “numerous exploitable vulnerabilities in nearly every component of the ES&S voting system” usenix.org/legacy/event/e…
66. The U.S. Election Assistance Commission also found flaws w/ ES&S optical scanners.
computerworld.com/article/250022…
67. Meanwhile, Bush won the 2000 election, shortly after ES&S reportedly got its control cards from a Russian expat bollyn.com/death-of-democ…
68. Diebold/Premier
69. Global Election Systems, precursor of Diebold Election Systems (renamed Premier), was founded by felons in 1991. wheresthepaper.org/NCconservative…
70. Global was technically Canadian but had its executive offices in McKinney Texas. verifiedvoting.org/resources/voti…
71. In 1997, Global bought an Omaha Nebraska company called IMark that had developed a touchscreen voting system. wired.com/2004/11/e-voti…
72. Imark’s founder was Bob Urosevich from AIS (ES&S’s precursor), the co. involved in the sketchy Hagel election verifiedvoting.org/resources/voti…
73. In 1997, Bob Urosevich became VP of Global in Texas, while Todd Urosevich remained as VP of ES&S in Nebraska.
bloomberg.com/research/stock…
74. In July 2000, Global promoted Bob Urosevich to president and chief operating officer bloomberg.com/research/stock….
75. In September 2000, Global bought a co. owned by CONVICTED FELON Jeffrey Dean, & made him senior VP. people.csail.mit.edu/rivest/voting/…
76. Global bought convicted felon Dean’s company for $4 million. freepress.org/article/progra…
77. A few months later, Global hired CONVICTED FELON John Elder 2 oversee punch card printing in several states. people.csail.mit.edu/rivest/voting/…
78. Punch cards can be “rigged” by cutting them so that the “chads” are more or less difficult to dislodge.
scoop.co.nz/stories/HL0312…
79. In prison, CONVICTED FELONS Dean & Elder developed vote by mail software that came 2 dominate US absentee market harpers.org/archive/2012/1…
80. SEC filing (from @BevHarrisWrites) shows that, after leaving prison, Dean became the majority shareholder of Global (Diebold precursor)
81. Dean, Global's SENIOR VP, was a "PROGRAMMER" who "SERVED TIME 4 stealing $ & tampering w/ COMPUTER files." nytimes.com/2004/01/23/opi… … …
82. Wired: The crimes committed by Dean involved TAMPERING w/ COMPUTER FILE & A "HIGH DEGREE OF SOPHISTICATION."
wired.com/2003/12/con-jo…
83. The info. re: Dean & Elder (convicted felons at Global) was obtained thru the investigative efforts of @BevHarrisWrites, not the MSM
84. Here is an excerpt from the sentencing document doc 4 J. Dean (Global's programmer & VP) Again, this was obtained by @BevHarrisWrites
85.CONVICTED FELON Dean (Global VP) “wrote & maintained proprietary CODE used 2 count HUNDREDS of THOUSANDS OF VOTES”wired.com/2003/12/con-jo…
86. Article re: Global's hiring of EX-CON Dean as a programmer & EX-CON Elder 2 do punch cards b4 2000 election archive.seattleweekly.com/2004-02-11/new…
87. Recall that Global was the precursor of voting machine giant Diebold Election Systems.
88. Diebold memos show that Dean apparently had ACCESS 2 the entire suite of OPTICAL SCAN SOFTWARE used in 37 STATES blackboxvoting.org/bbv_chapter-14…
89. Diebold memos also show that Dean had access to “the security-sensitive Windows CE PROGRAM 4 the TOUCH SCREENS.” blackboxvoting.org/bbv_chapter-14…
90. 9/2004: Wired reported the finding that Diebold GEMS server allowed creation of 2 sets of votes, 1 real, 1 fake wired.com/2004/09/activi…
91. The alarming Diebold “double data” feature was discovered by @BevHarrisWrites & tech expert Thompson in 04.
wired.com/2004/09/activi…
92. Harris & Thompson demonstrated the alarming Diebold GEMS “double data” feature 2 CA Election officials in 04. wired.com/2004/09/activi…
93. Harris showed the alarming Diebold GEMS “double data” feature to H. Dean, who didn't take it seriously enuf bradblog.com/?p=2724
94. Harris’s demonstration to Howard Dean re: the Diebold GEMS double data feature occurred on live tv on 8/8/04. crocuta.net/Dean/Dean_Host…
95. On 8/18/04, Harris & others demonstrated the double data feature to the Cal Voting Systems Panel & the Cal. SOS. peacehost.net/PacifistNation…
96. On August 23, 2004, CBC TV filmed the demonstration of the Diebold GEMS double set of books in California.
peacehost.net/PacifistNation…
97. In late Aug. 04, the DHS quietly released this Cyber Alert re: Diebold GEMS system, but MSM did not report it. bradblog.com/?p=2724
98. Diebold memos trace the alarming Diebold GEMS feature to Global's hiring of CONVICTED FELON Dean in Oct 2000. ejfi.org/Voting/Voting-…
99. Diebold’s opscans use memory cards that can be programmed w/o detection to +1k votes Jill, -1k Ben.
dailykos.com/stories/2005/6…
100. The ability 2 alter Diebold memory cards w/o detection was discovered by computer programmer Harri Hursti. freepress.org/article/harri-…
101. USA Today recently mentioned Hursti & the ability to alter Diebold opscan memory cards. usatoday.com/story/tech/201…
102. In 06, Hursti discovered even more security flaws re: Diebold touchscreens. pcworld.com/article/125700…
103. Moreover, the EAC's guidelines 4 federal certification testing apply only to EVMs bought AFTER 12/07. oversight.house.gov/wp-content/upl…
104. Problems w/ Diebold VMs were noted in '97, when they were called “IMark” & sold by Global (Diebold precursor) wired.com/2004/03/how-e-…
105. Another article re: the problems w/ the touchscreen voting machine sold by Global and then Diebold. wired.com/2004/11/e-voti…
106. During election 2000, a machine from Global (Diebold precursor) lost 16k Gore votes in Volusia County, Fla. motherjones.com/politics/2004/…
107. Volusia error was caught only bc a “poll monitor noticed Gore’s vote count going down.. which.. is impossible.” motherjones.com/politics/2004/…
108. The Volusia error “led several networks to incorrectly call the race for Bush.” motherjones.com/politics/2004/…
109. @BevHarrisWrites obtained & published several internal Global/Diebold memos concerning the Volusia error. motherjones.com/politics/2004/…
110. Here is one of the Global/Diebold emails concerning the Volusia error in election 2000.
books.google.com/books?id=pY1DC…
111. Here is another Global/Diebold email re: the Volusia error in election 2000.
112. Here is yet another Global/Diebold email re: the Volusia error in election 2000 books.google.com/books?id=pY1DC…
113. Bev Harris noted a possible connection btwn Global's hiring of CONVICTED FELON Dean & the Volusia error.
blackboxvoting.org/bbv_chapter-14…
114. The mainstream media did not.
115. Here is all the NYT had to say about the Volusia error.nytimes.com/2000/11/10/us/…
116. As you know, Bush was declared the winner of the 2000 election.
117. Ohio and the Help America Vote Act (HAVA) of 2002
118. Bush’s campaign manger during election 2000 was Karl Rove, who wanted to create a “permanent Repub majority.”
washingtonpost.com/wpdyn/content/…
119. Soon after election 2000 ended, Rove (now Bush’s Senior Advisor) was courting Paul Weyrich and the CNP.
nytimes.com/2001/03/19/us/…
120. Weyrich said Bush/Rove were in office "by the grace of God, & if they don’t pay attention..they won’t be there” savannahnow.com/stories/081201…
121. By 2000 Rove was strategizing for the 04 election w/ the mindset that Bush HAD 2 win OHIO. (The Architect by Moore & Slater, p. 81)
122. In 12/00, Rove persuaded chairman of Ohio R party 2 stay in his position stating the race wld "come down to OH" (The Architect, p. 81)
123. Conveniently, an OHIO ATM mftr called Diebold bought Global in Jan 02 (& renamed it "Diebold Election Systems") wired.com/2009/09/diebol…
124. Global (now Diebold) was the co. founded & run by felons, whose president, B. Urosevich, came from ES&S of the sketchy Hagel election
125. Diebold made Global a subsidiary and renamed it “Diebold Election Systems.” nytimes.com/2003/07/24/us/…
126. Diebold’s CEO was in Bush’s "Rangers & Pioneers," which means he had raised at least 100k for Bush's 2004 race nytimes.com/2003/11/09/bus…
127. When Diebold took over, it retained convicted felon Dean (Global’s Sr. VP) as a consultant. trustvote.org/media-resource…
128. Diebold was renamed "Premier" in 2007. Looks like ex-con Jeffrey Dean was there as a SENIOR VICE PRESIDENT. bloomberg.com/research/stock…
129. Diebold bought Global just as Congress was passing HAVA, which gave states billions of $ to buy voting machines wired.com/2009/09/diebol…
130. HAVA’s chief sponsor was Rep. Ney of OHIO, the must win state of the upcoming 04 election congress.gov/bill/107th-con…
131. Ney and a Diebold lobbyist, Jack Abramoff, would later go to prison for bribery-related charges involving HAVA. justice.gov/archive/opa/pr…
132. Rolling Stone article re: the Ney/Abramoff scandal. jpfitness.com/archive/index.…
133. @greg_palast re: the Ney/Abramoff/HAVA scandal.

books.google.com/books?id=2rL4D…
134. Diebold lobbyist Abramoff was in CNP w/ Ahmanson & Hunt whose families funded ES&S, Diebold’s brother company seekgod.ca/print/cnppr/pr…
135. Source for post 134 stmt that Ahmanson & Hunt families funded ES&S. motherjones.com/politics/2005/…
136. Source for post 134: Urosevich bros founded ES&S; Bob Urosevich then went 2 Diebold while Todd stayed at ES&S omaha.com/columnists/kel…
137. Diebold lobbyist/FELON Abramoff was also in Bush's Rangers & Pioneers (like Diebold's CEO, Wally O'Dell). books.google.com/books?id=Vtmok…
138. Rolling Stone: Ohio Rep. Ney defeated a bill that wld have required a paper trail 4 all voting machines democraticunderground.com/discuss/duboar…
139. Without a paper ballot or paper audit trail, there's no way to know if an electronic vote tally is legitimate medium.com/@jhalderm/want…
140. Democrats saw no cause for concern, and HAVA passed with large bipartisan support. nytimes.com/2002/10/17/us/…
141. The Election Assistance Commission (EAC) was established by the Help America Vote Act (HAVA) of 2002. eac.gov/about-the-usea…
142. The Election Assistance Commission (EAC) operates a voting system & testing certification program. eac.gov/voting-equipme…
143. EAC did not establish the voting system testing & certification program until AFTER Bush was RE-ELECTED in 05. oversight.house.gov/wp-content/upl…
144. The EAC’s delay is unfortunate, given the DHS Aug 04 Cyber Alert re: the "undocumented back door" to Diebold Gem's Central Tabulators
145.The EAC’s guidelines & certification testing are VOLUNTARY & apply only to voting machines bought AFTER 12/07. oversight.house.gov/wp-content/upl…
146. Most EVMs in use today were bought in 06 or b4, so the EAC guidelines & certification testing never applied brennancenter.org/publication/am…
147. Republicans in Congress have now voted to defund (eliminate) the Election Assistance Commission altogether. commondreams.org/news/2017/07/1…
148. End of Part 1.
Coming soon - Part 2 Georgia!
149. Addendum
150. Great PARTIAL list of OPSCAN FAILURES thru 09. I know it's partial bc it missed the impt Volusia error in 2000! votersunite.org/info/opscansin…
151. Wired article re: serious security holes in ES&S touchscreens. votersunite.org/info/opscansin…
Thanks Valerie!
152. I can't believe I forgot this! Volusia County (where Global EVM lost 16k Gore votes) is in Feeney's district!!
You're right! My apologies!
153. Correction. "Russian" expat who supplies ES&S control cards is actually from Belarus, not Russia. My apologies! dailykos.com/stories/2004/1…
154.
Video featuring famous Hursti Hack showing that Diebold memory cards could be altered w/o detection.
TY @nasty_woman1 for sending me this video featuring Hursti Hack showing how easy it is to alter voting machine memory cards w/o detection!
Thanks for the RT! Here's a related thread. It covers quite a bit of election 2004 not covered in the Megathread.
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