, 24 tweets, 3 min read Read on Twitter
1/ Thread in which I share cited research about contributing factors of rising depression rates & everyone gets mad. #MyTipsForMentalHealth
2/ Where there was room (i.e. possible) I’ve tried to include sources for further exploration. Good place to start = buff.ly/2hqCqid
3/ Is it possible that the evolutionary mismatch between past human environments & modern-day living may impact rising rates of depression?
4/ Modern populations are increasingly overfed, malnourished, sedentary, sunlight-deficient, sleep deprived & socially isolated.
5/ Diseases of modernity are the leading cause of morbidity & mortality & the greatest threat to public health in the developed world.(Yach)
6/ In spite of accumulating material wealth & better quality of life, young people are much more likely to be depressed than their parents.
7/The most modernized countries (using GDP) per capita tend to have higher rates of depression. (IMF, 2010; Kessler et al,. 2007)
8/ Japan is an exception. Why? They have low rates of obesity and a cultural emphasis on collectivism vs. individualism. (Kitayama, et al.)
9/ So why is depression⬆in the US? Obesity, poor diet, physical inactivity, inadequate sunlight expose, sleep and a toxic social environment
10/ Deteriorating health of modern populations via the obesity epidemic (Flegal, 2010) is likely a contributing factor to rising depression.
11/ Obese individuals had a 55% increased risk of developing depression compared to those of normal weight (Luppino et al. 2010)
12/ Physical well-being is a powerful determinant of emotional well-being. Obesity = mild, chronic inflammation which = depression. (Raison)
13/ Depressed individuals tend to consume more carbohydrates, specifically in the form of simple sugar. (Christensen, 1996)
14/ Surveys in the US reveal that less than half of adults engage in the rec amt of physical activity w/ 38% considered completely inactive.
15/ In general, exercise correlates w/ a reduced risk of depression and sedentary behavior with a higher risk. (Teycheene et al. 2010)
16/ Aerobic exercise has shown as effective a treatment as a standard antidepressant, including a lower rate of relapse (Blumental & Babyak)
17/ Inadequate sunlight exposure is the main cause of the modern epidemic of vitamin D deficiency. Role in depression needs more research.
18/ Reduced amount and/or quality of sleep are cardinal symptoms and also predictors of major depressive disorder (Baglioni et al 2011).
19/ A rise in psychopathology among young adults has been attributed to a shift away from intrinsic goals to money, status and appearance.
20/ People with whom one can comfortably discuss important issues has gone from 3 (mode) in 1985 to 0 in 2004. (McPherson et a., 2006).
21/ Religious activity is correlated with lower risk of depression and more social support. (Koenig and Larson, 2001).
22/ Internet use has been correlated w/ less family talk, smaller social circles, more depressive symptoms & greater feelings of loneliness.
23/ So, in summary, this tweet that has some of you so angry:
24/ If you are exhibiting any symptoms of depression, these things *can* help, but please talk to friend or mental health professional. /END
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