He was fearless, compassionate, and principled.
He was also a #dwarf.
He wrote one of the world's first abolitionist books - calling for the church to cast out slave owners.
He'd later become known for shocking and theatrical protests at Quaker meetings.
The Quakers opposed Lay's abolitionist views.
They disowned Lay, denounced his book, denied his right to speak at meetings, and even withheld his marriage certificate.
As a dwarf, he had to struggle to be taken seriously and considered equal.
Even in death, some historians dismissed Lay as a "little hunchback".
A man once mocked him, announcing "I am your servant" to Lay...
...who stuck out his foot and replied "Then clean my shoe" - embarrassing the bully.
Lay said "I know my self to be so very mean & contemptible in the sight of Men, almost in every respect".
He lived in a cave, grew his food, & tailored his clothes.
A philanthropist, he donated to the construction of a local hospital.
A devoted #Quaker, his abolitionist views meant he lies in an unmarked grave, buried as "a stranger to the faith he loved".
He left money to poor Quakers - more than 50% of whom were women - and to the school at one of the meetings that disowned him.