Profile picture
WWII Siberian Exile @polishodyssey
, 13 tweets, 11 min read Read on Twitter
#OTD in 1940, the #USSR began the second #WWII mass deportation of #Polish citizens from eastern Polish borderlands occupied by the Soviets on Sept.17, 1939. Polish civilians were deported by the USSR in four waves that occurred from Feb. 10, 1940 through mid-June 1941.
Each deportation had a distinctive character & targeted specific populations of Polish people in occupied eastern Poland.The deportation of April 13 targeted small farmers, tradesmen, civil servants, and the families of those who had been arrested or taken as POWs by the Soviets.
Many of those deported on April 13 were family members of the #Polish officers, policemen, and intelligentsia who were executed by the #USSR during the #Katyń massacre; roughly 80 percent of those included in this deportation were women and children. #WWII
The April deportees were designated by the Soviets as being “administratively exiled” and were deported mainly to #Kazakhstan for a period of 10 years. The conditions of exile for the April 1940 deportees differed in several ways from those who were deported on February 10, 1940.
The February 10, 1940 deportees were sentenced to slave labor in segregated special settlements supervised by the #NKVD in #Arkhangelsk, #Siberia, and the #Urals. #WWII
The April 13, 1940 deportees – not technically sentenced to slave labor – were forcibly resettled among the local population in #Kazakhstan where they worked alongside Soviet citizens on collective and state farms. #WWII
Their work included fieldwork as well as taking care of livestock such as pigs, sheep, and cattle. Some #Polish deportees were also assigned to work on #Soviet infrastructure projects and constructed roads, barracks, sewage systems, and railroads. #WWII
Also unlike the February deportees, the exile of those deported in April had a term limit. The #USSR later tried to use the separate administrative status of the April 1940 deportees as a reason to obstruct their "amnesty" following the Sikorski-Mayski agreement.
Deported by the #USSR on April 13, 1940 from #Poland to #Kazakhstan, Maria Chojecka’s testimony describes her experiences:
Polish citizens deported from occupied eastern #Poland by the #USSR during #WWII were sent primarily to these settlement areas in the Soviet Union.
“Zesłańcy Sybiru”: This group of #Polish citizens was deported by the #USSR in April 1940 from #Drohobycz, Poland to Kustanai oblast, #Kazakhstan. #WWII
#Polish citizens deported by the #USSR to #Kazakhstan form a work brigade (along with the camel “Jaszka”) on a sovkhoz during the summer of 1941. #WWII
A #Polish exile’s diary entry from Aug. 27, 1942 lists the death dates of family members – including his mother and grandmother – who also were deported by the #USSR to Jesil, #Kazakhstan. The diary entry also notes that Tadzio, who died 10 days earlier, “always kept his word….”
Missing some Tweet in this thread?
You can try to force a refresh.

Like this thread? Get email updates or save it to PDF!

Subscribe to WWII Siberian Exile
Profile picture

Get real-time email alerts when new unrolls are available from this author!

This content may be removed anytime!

Twitter may remove this content at anytime, convert it as a PDF, save and print for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video

1) Follow Thread Reader App on Twitter so you can easily mention us!

2) Go to a Twitter thread (series of Tweets by the same owner) and mention us with a keyword "unroll" @threadreaderapp unroll

You can practice here first or read more on our help page!

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just three indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member and get exclusive features!

Premium member ($3.00/month or $30.00/year)

Too expensive? Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal Become our Patreon

Thank you for your support!