Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #Dakhni

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One thing I've found very curious in popular discourse around language in India is that language contact is reduced to the process of loaning words; this incredibly fascinating linguistic phenomenon is reduced to its lexical aspect. This ends up obscuring all the amazing stuff
that language contact makes possible, these perspectives it offers us. Lexical borrowing is probably the least interesting form it takes, it's also the most superficial in many ways. Doesn't take much for a literary register to borrow vocab from a prestige language - the vast
volume of English words that have made it to Indian languages is a great example.

People borrow words all the time, sure, but imagine influenced by a language so much you start modeling your own *grammar* and sound systems after it. Way cooler than just borrowing words right?
Read 8 tweets
Revisiting this as I revisit #Hyderabad. The level of pervasive influence #Telugu has had on #Dakhni here is absolutely fascinating, with #Dravidian syntax patterns borrowed. Even echo compound formation is from Dravidian, ie /g/ based - local #Urdu sūṭ gīṭ (suits & the like).
An imp distinction to made here - #Urdu infl on local #Telugu is limited to vocab, while #Dakhni actually shows grammatical convergence with Telugu (#Dravidian syntax patterns etc), a much deeper level of infl, giving us many distinctive #Hyderabadi-isms.

Here's an everyday ex of how #Hyderabadi #Urdu has converged with #Telugu grammatical patterns.

The sūṭ gīṭ ex mentioned earlier is another. #Dravidian langs use /g/to form echo pairs, which #Dakhni uses too - Northern Urdu uses /v/, ex khānā vānā.

Read 3 tweets
I legit can't get over how linguistically cool #Telangana #Telugu #Dakhni #Urdu bilingualism in #Hyderabad is. Pretty much everyone brought up there seems to speak both. Code switching galore. Unique too, coz the langs (#Dravidian & #IndoAryan) aren't related & it's a metro city.
The native speaker split is almost even, close to 50 50. What's even cooler (& more exciting) is the strong, pervasive influence #Dravidian #Telugu has had on #IndoAryan #Hyderabad's #Dakhni #Urdu - structural, phonological, syntactical, and lexical, basically, on all levels.
Lots of grammatical, syntactical features in #Hyderabad's #Dakhni #Urdu are basically direct translations of #Dravidian patterns in #Telugu. The local Telugu dialect however, only features loans from Dakhni - clearly a *highly* asymmetrical #languagecontact relationship.
Read 4 tweets

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