Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #EIANotification

Most recents (10)

Rahul Gandhi is alleging about the draft Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) 2020, brought up by Modi Government, will harm the Environment. These allegations are baseless as it is just another excuse for them to oppose on each and every decision made by the Govt.
#EIA2020
Read this thread to understand what is the major change that has been incorporated in the Draft notification and why was that required to be incorporated.
#EIADraft2020 #EIA2020 #EIAForGreenIndia #EIANotification
In a layman's words EIA, is a process to evaluate the environmental impact of a proposed project (be it railways, bridge, roads, buildings). A decision making tool whereby people’s views are taken into consideration for granting approval to any developmental project or activity
Read 18 tweets
#Demystifying #EIANotification
#SUMMING #UP and #WayForward
We hv till date covered
#Evolution
#Purpose &
number of #threads on #Process of #EIANotifications since 1994
Clearly there are serious issues that deserve consideration before any revision in #EIA2006Notification +
is taken up.
Yr 2020 is 14 yrs since 2006. #EIA2006 has been in operation all these years & good lessons & learnings must have been made as part of its implementation.
Thus a proper well analysed raison d’ etre for bringing in a new notification is in order on following +
lines:
a)Account taking of #EIA2006 in terms of what all was achieved in terms of total numbers of projects assessed, cleared, rejected etc
b)Whether #EIA2006 has helped ‘protect’ & ‘improve’ d environment which is d basic tenet of EPA1986
c)Whether #EIA2006 as a subordinate +
Read 12 tweets
#Demystifying #EIANotification Process (Cont)
Today we cover d final bit of d #Process namely
#SCHEDULE which lists d #projects/activities for which #Prior #EC is mandatory.

#EIA1994 carried a list of 32 projects / activities that required environmental clearance (EC) from+
d Central government. An exception was made in case of few kinds of Thermal power projects (eg captive power projects) which could seek EC from d respective State governments.

In #EIA2006 Thirty nine (39) projects or processes were listed in d #Schedule to d Notification.
These were categorized into following 8 different categories. Each was further sub divided into several others. A note on “#General” Conditions was appended to d #Schedule.
1.Mining, extraction of natural resources & power generation
2.Primary Processing
Read 15 tweets
#Demystifying #EIANotification Part III (Cont)

Today we deal with #Post EC #Monitoring.

All #Prior #Environment #Clearance (EC) letters to projects carry #Conditions that a #Project #Proponent (PP) is required to fulfill during
a) Construction phase
b) Operation phase
&
c) Post operation phase (especially in cases of mining projects)

It is extremely important that these conditions are not only available in public domain but that public is actively involved in the #Monitoring thereof.

#EIA2006 and #DraftEIA2020 provide that
In respect of Category ‘A’ project, it shall be mandatory for the #PP to make public the #EC granted for their project along with d conditions and safeguards at their cost by prominently advertising it at least in two local newspapers of d district or State where d project+
Read 15 tweets
#Demystifying #EIANotification Part III (Cont)
Today we deal with #Appraisal.
#Expert appraisal of a #ProjectProposal by d #Competent Authority (CA) to determine whether a Project deserves to b granted/rejected an #EnvironmentClearance (EC) is essence of #EIANotification.
The @moefcc as d CA was conscious of d fact since #EIA1994 that it wud in-house not possess necessary expertise to assess d different kinds of #projectproposals that come its way & hence provided that:

"The reports submitted with d application shall be evaluated+
& assessed by d Impact Assessment Agency, and if deemed necessary it may consult a committee of Experts , having a composition as specified in Schedule-III of this Notification."
Later #EIA2006Notification created standing committee of Experts to be called as+
Read 18 tweets
#Demystifying #EIANotification Part III (Cont)
Today we tk up #Public #Consultation.

There was a time when development of an area meant setting up of a 'factory'. But not anymore. PPl hv experienced that a 'factory' may not mean good jobs 4 locals. It often means diversion of
local resources like land, water, forests etc; diversion or damming of streams; mining of hills and forests; pollution of air, lands and water; Cases of new or increase in diseases; growth of mafias and crime etc.

It is also known that d State does not own nature or+
natural resources, but holds it in #trust on behalf of #Public.
Also any project/activity planned by State or Pvt entity must primarily b in Public Interest. Even a privately planned project cannot be against #Public #Interest.

The env impact of a project/activity may not+
Read 16 tweets
#Demystefying #EIANotification
Part III (PROCESS)
Today we consider the very 'soul' of d legal instrument called #EIANotification namely d #EIA #Report
An EIA Report is meant to be a thorough scientific document that a professional agency prepares after detailed investigations+
of d likely environmental impacts that d planned project / activity is anticipated to hv at d #site in #question.

Its (#EIA #report) quality wud depend on:
a) Competence of d agency involved
b) Independence of d agency
c) Transparency & inclusive nature of d exercise
The reality of an #EIA #report is that:

Right from #EIA1994Notification to #EIA2006 & now #DraftEIA2020 d #notification provides that it is d #ProjectProponent (PP) that shall #select & #commission the #EIAconsultant at its own cost & terms.

This provision alone+
Read 13 tweets
#DemystifyingEIA #Notification Part III
Part I and II dealt with #Evolution & #Purpose. Henceforth it shall be d #Process in a series of separate threads. Today we take up #Site #Clearance.
SITE CLEARANCE
#EIA1994Notification provided for
"The project authorities will intimate+
+ Location of d following project site to d Central Government in d #MoEF while initiating any investigation & surveys:
a. mining;
b. pit-head thermal power stations;
c. hydro-power, major irrigation projects and/or their combination including flood control; +
d. ports and harbours (excluding minor ports);
e. prospecting & exploration of major minerals in areas above 500 hectares;
f. greenfield airports, petrochemical complexes & refineries
The Central Government in d #MoEF will convey a decision regarding suitability +
Read 11 tweets
#Demystifying #EIANotification Part II
PURPOSE
Part I was abt #Evolution. This is abt #Purpose.
Purpose of #EIANotification is to properly assess in #advance d likely environmental impacts of planned developmental ‘#projects’ so that informed decisions cud be made well in time +
& then a #competent #authority (CA) could either accord or decline an EC (#EnvironmentClearance) to a project proponent (PP).
Presumption of course is that d CA is bound by its constitutional duty under Article 48A & d preamble of EPA1986 to ‘protect’ & ‘improve’ d environment.
Project
#project’ has been defined as “expansion or modernization of any activity (if pollution load is to exceed the existing one) or new project listed in Schedule I to d notification.”
#Competent #Authority (CA)
In #EIA1994Notification d CA was d Central Government +
Read 20 tweets
#DemystifyingEIA Sorry. Cud b long.
Attempt to explain all about EIA & legal instrument called #EIANotification. This is based on background research conducted by @water_conflicts & hands on experience since 2007 dealing with d issue at HC, SC & NGT. Thnx @lifeindia2016
Seen Ppl confuse terms like EIA, EAC, EC, SEIAA, SEAC & now DEAC. Ground realities of EIA report, Public consultation, EAC functioning, Award of EC, its monitoring etc is poorly understood. EIA legalese gotten verbose over time & agendas found entry under d clarification garb.
Today it is #HistoricalContext.
It began with India's participation at d 1st UN Earth Summit (1972 Stockholm). In 1975, 42nd constitutional amendment obligated "d State shall endeavor to protect & improve d environment & to safeguard d forests & wildlife of d country" (Art48A).
Read 13 tweets

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