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Earlier this week I posted a thread on the 2018/19 financials for the Big Six Premier League clubs. Today I am going to look at the numbers for the Other 14 clubs #AFCB #BHAFC #BurnleyFC #CardiffCity #CPFC #EFC #FFC #HTAFC #LCFC #NUFC #SaintsFC #WatfordFC #WHUFC #WWFC
Obviously, there will be a significant impact on these numbers in the 2019/20 season (and probably 2020/21 as well) as a result of the COVID-19 lockdown, which has resulted in clubs earning much less revenue for a few months, but how did it look before the pandemic struck? ImageImage
Other 14 Premier League clubs generated £2.2 bln of revenue, but £2.6 bln of expenses (including £1.5 bln wages and £0.6 bln player amortisation) meant £393m operating loss. This was improved by £241m profit on player sales, offset by £35m interest, giving £188m loss before tax. Image
Read 35 tweets
Now that all the Premier League clubs have published their 2018/19 financials, we can compare the results, but we will do this a little differently by separating the analysis into two parts, as the numbers are so different for: (1) the Big Six clubs; and (2) the Other 14 clubs.
Today’s thread will focus on the 2018/19 financial results for the Big Six Premier League clubs #AFC #CFC #LFC #MCFC #MUFC #THFC. Clearly, there will be a significant impact on these numbers in 2019/20 following the COVID-19 lockdown, but how did it look before the pandemic?
Big 6 Premier League clubs generated £3.0 bln of revenue, but £3.1 bln of expenses (including £1.7 bln wages and £0.7 bln player amortisation) meant a £97m operating loss. This was improved by £193m profit on player sales, offset by £23m interest, giving £33m profit before tax.
Read 36 tweets
Newcastle United’s 2018/19 financial results cover a season when they finished 13th in the Premier League, 3 places lower than the previous year. Steve Bruce replaced Rafael Benitez as manager after the season ended. Some thoughts in the following thread #NUFC
#NUFC profit before tax improved by £18m from £23m to £41m, very largely due to profit on player sales surging from £4m to £25m, as revenue dropped £2m (1%) from £178m to £176m. There was minimal expense growth of just £1m. Post-tax profit increased from £19m to £35m.
The largest #NUFC revenue decrease was broadcasting, which fell £2.5m (2%) to £124m, mainly due to the worse finishing place in the league, though commercial was also down £0.5m (2%) to £28m. In contrast, match day rose £0.9m (4%) to £25m.
Read 50 tweets
Manchester United have announced financial results for Q3 of 2019/20, incorporating the first 9 months of the season. This covers January to March 2020, so provides some early insight into the impact of the football lockdown. Some thoughts in the following thread #MUFC
#MUFC swung from £11m profit before tax to £29m loss for Q3, as revenue fell by £28m (19%) from £152m to £124m, partly offset by £15m (18%) reduction in wages to £69m. Hit by interest payable rising £22m from £3m to £25m (forex losses). Loss after tax £23m due to £6m tax credit.
The main reason for #MUFC £28m revenue reduction was broadcasting, which more than halved from £54m to £26m, due to £15m provision for COVID-19 rebate and playing in the far less lucrative Europa League, compared to the previous season’s Champions League.
Read 47 tweets
#BrentfordFC 2018/19 financial results covered a season when they came 11th in the Championship, their 5th consecutive top half finish, a great achievement for a club with such low income, especially as head coach Dean Smith left for #AVFC in October, replaced by Thomas Frank.
#BrentfordFC swung from £4m loss before tax to £24m, very largely due to £14m sale of land to stadium developers & profit on player sales rising by £13m to £27m. Revenue grew £2.6m (21%) to £15.2m, while expenses were £3.5m higher. Profit after tax was £20m due to £4m tax charge.
All three #BrentfordFC revenue streams grew with broadcasting contributing the largest increase, up £1.6m (23%) to £8.8m, followed by commercial, up £0.7m (30%) to £3.0m, and ticketing income, up £0.3m (10%) to £3.4m. Other operating income (player loans) up £2.3m to £2.7m.
Read 47 tweets
Here are a few more of the new two-page financial fact sheets for Premier League clubs, based on requests from some fans. Today it’s the turn of Everton, West Ham, Brighton & Hove Albion and Fulham #EFC #WHUFC #BHAFC #FFC
#EFC have had significant investment from owner Farhad Moshiri, driving large increases in debt, transfer spend, wages and player amortisation. Revenue relatively flat in last 3 years, leading to highest loss in the Premier League in 2019 (2018 benefited from high player sales).
#WHUFC have 7th highest revenue in Premier League, but little growth in last 3 years. Wages have steadily increased, so profitability has declined. Relatively low debt, but high interest payments to Gold and Sullivan. Transfer spend rising (5th highest net in PL in 2019).
Read 6 tweets
Fulham’s financial results for 2018/19 cover a season when they were relegated back to the Championship after just one year in the Premier League (finishing 19th). They dismissed two managers: Slavisa Jokanovic in November & Claudio Ranieri in February. Some thought follow #FFC
#FFC reduced their loss from £45m to £20m. However, the club still lost money, despite revenue rising £100m from £38m to £138m following promotion, as competing in the Premier League increased expenses by £63m, while profit on player sales fell £11m to £3m. Image
The main driver of the #FFC £100m revenue increase was broadcasting, which rose £87m from £22m to £109m, due to the significantly more lucrative Premier League TV deal, though commercial also grew £8m (88%) to £18m, while gate receipts were up £3.7m (53%) to £10.7m. Image
Read 41 tweets
Swansea City’s 2018/19 accounts covered a challenging season when they finished a respectable 10th in the Championship following relegation after 7 years in the Premier League. Manager Graham Potter left for #BHAFC in May ‘19, replaced by Steve Cooper. Some thoughts follow #Swans
#Swans loss before tax widened from £3.2m to £7.0m, as revenue almost halved following relegation from £127m to £68m, despite parachute payments, and profit on player sales fell £16m to £30m, largely offset by cutting costs by £72m. After tax, loss increased from £2.9m to £6.0m. Image
The main reason for #Swans £59m (46%) revenue reduction was broadcasting, which more than halved in the Championship from £105m to £52m, though commercial was also down £6m (45%) to £8m and match day fell £0.8m (11%) to £6.6m. Player loans up £1.7m to £2.0m. Image
Read 45 tweets
Wolverhampton Wanderers 2018/19 financial results covered a “successful” season, when they finished 7th in their first season back in the Premier League since 2012, reached the FA Cup semi-final and qualified for the Europa League. Some thoughts in the following thread #WWFC
Since being bought by Chinese investment group Fosun International in July 2016, #WWFC is a club transformed, helped by a close relationship with super-agent Jorge Mendes. Under charismatic manager Nuno Espirito Santo, Wolves can realistically compete for European qualification.
#WWFC swung from £57m loss before tax in the Championship to £20m profit in the Premier League, a £77m improvement, as revenue surged from £26m to a club record £172m and profit on player sales was up £4m to £12m, though costs also increased significantly in the top flight.
Read 40 tweets
Leeds United have been very poor recently but today was another example of the handicap that’s been forced upon them this season 🤔

The @EFL referees have cost #LUFC a minimum of 15 points since the start of the 2019/20 season 👀

Full thread below 👇
Game 2: #LUFC vs #NFFC

Stuart Dallas hacked down in the final minutes with both referee and his assistant in a perfect position. Penalty not awarded for some unknown reason.

Points Deduction: -2
Game 11: #MFC vs #LUFC

Clear dive in box which leads to goal from a penalty and Leeds forced to play with 10 men for over 80 mins.

EFL later agree it was given in error. Leeds denied a pen when Harrison taken down at other end.

Points Deduction: -3

Read 9 tweets
Stoke City’s 2018/19 financial results covered a season when they finished 16th in the Championship following relegation after ten years in the Premier League, featuring two managers, first Gary Rowett, then Nathan Jones from January. Some thoughts in the following thread #SCFC
Despite relegation, #SCFC cut their pre-tax loss from £30m to £15m, even though revenue dropped £57m (45%) from £127m to £71m and profit on player sales fell £4m to £18m, as costs were down £75m, including £28m reduction in impairment (lowering value of players in the accounts).
The main reason for #SCFC £57m revenue reduction was broadcasting, which more or less halved in the Championship from £101m to £51m, despite parachute payments, though commercial was also down 30% (£6m) to £13m and gate receipts fell 17% (£1.3m) to £6.4m.
Read 39 tweets
#Millwall’s 2018/19 financial results covered a season when they just avoided relegation from the Championship by finishing 21st, but did reach the FA Cup quarter-finals. Manager Neil Harris left in October 2019, replaced by Gary Rowett. Some thoughts in the following thread.
#Millwall achieved “the best result for many years” by reducing their loss from £5.0m to just £0.7m, as revenue increased by £2.8m (18%) to £18.4m and profit on player sales and loans rose by £6.9m, partially offset by £5.6m growth in expenses.
#Millwall revenue increase was largely driven by broadcasting income, up £2.4m (32%) to £10.0m, partly reflecting televised cup games, though commercial also rose £0.4m (16%) to £2.7m. Match day was “static” at £5.6m.
Read 37 tweets
#BristolCity recently published their 2018/19 financial results, covering a season when they finished 8th in the Championship, their highest position for 11 seasons and just 4 points off a play-off position. Some thoughts in the following thread.
#BristolCity reported £11m profit before tax, a significant improvement on the prior season’s £25m loss, mainly thanks to profit on player sales surging from hardly anything in 2017/18 to £38m last season. Owner Steve Lansdown described the results as “a milestone” for the club.
#BristolCity revenue also rose by £4m (16%) from £26m to £30m, mainly due to commercial income increasing £4.6m (39%) to £16.1m, though broadcasting was also up £0.4m (5%) to £8.1m. On the other hand, match day income fell £0.7m (10%) to £6.0m.
Read 40 tweets
I recently wrote about the importance of the cash flow statement in assessing the financial performance of a football club, focusing on the Premier League. Since then I have had a few requests to do the same for the Championship, so let’s take a look in the following thread.
A club’s profit and loss account is easy to understand, i.e. basically revenue less expenses (mainly player wages), but this is a notional profit based on the accountants’ accruals concept, which can be very different from actual cash movements.
This is important, as the main reason that football clubs fail is cash flow problems. It does not matter how large your revenue is (or your profits are), if you do not have the cash to pay your players, suppliers or indeed the taxman, then you will find yourself in trouble.
Read 41 tweets
Hull City’s 2018/19 financial results covered a season when they finished 13th in the Championship. Manager Ian Adkins resigned in June, replaced by Grant McCann. The owners, Assem and Ehab Allam, have been looking to sell the club for some time. Some thoughts follow #hcafc
#hcafc profit before tax decreased from £24m to £3m, mainly due to profit on player sales falling by £26m from £31m to £5m. Revenue was down £7m (13%) to £48m, because of lower parachute payments. Partly compensated by expenses being cut by £12m.
The main driver of #hcafc £7m revenue reduction was a £6m cut in parachute payments from the Premier League from £43m to £37m, but the other revenue streams also declined: match day was down £1.1m (15%) to £6.1m, while commercial was £0.6m (20%) lower at £2.3m.
Read 40 tweets
So Ryan Sessegnon looks on his way to Spurs...here’s my thoughts on what he offers and where he would be best served #thfc #ffc
And I’d like @NathanAClark thoughts on the thread I’m about to do as I know he’s keen on Sessegnon being a left back for the future
So he made his name as a 16 year old looking at home in an incredibly tough league. That’s because Sessesgnons main attribute is his maturity and intelligence. He has a fantastic football brain. Understands where to be, how to time runs, when to plays passes etc
Read 11 tweets
Sheffield Wednesday have finally published their accounts for the 2017/18 season, when they finished 15th in the Championship. Manager Carlos Carvalhal left the club by mutual consent in December, to be replaced by Jos Luhukay. Some thoughts in the following thread #SWFC
As a technical point, it’s worth noting that #SWFC have changed their accounting close date from May 31st to July 31st, so the 2017/18 accounts covered a 14 month period, meaning a small £1.2m increase in turnover, but an additional 2 months of expenses.
#SWFC swung from a £20.8m loss to a £2.6m profit, entirely due to £38m once-off profit from selling the Hillsborough stadium. Revenue was only up £1.8m (8%) to £25.2m, while expenses surged £18m (41%) to £63m. Profit on player sales rose £1.7m to £2.3m.
Read 48 tweets
Sunderland’s 2017/18 financial results covered a second successive relegation. Having finished bottom of the Premier League in 2016/17, they repeated this feat in the Championship to drop into League One. Some thoughts in the following thread #SAFC
This was the last season under former owner Ellis Short before Stewart Donald bought the club in May 2018. Since then, the financial picture at #SAFC has greatly changed, but it is still instructive to look at these financials to understand the reasons for their fall from grace.
Following relegation #SAFC loss almost doubled from £10.2m to £19.9m, as revenue basically halved from £123.5m to £63.7m and profit on player sales fell £26.5m to £6.6m. Offset by once-offs: £8.2m profit on sale of Charlie Hurley Centre; no repeat of 16/17 £9.7m Alvarez payment.
Read 45 tweets
Although Derby County’s fans will be bitterly disappointed after losing to Aston Villa in the 2018/19 Championship play-off final, it might still be worth looking at their 2017/18 accounts to show how the club is trying to meet its financial challenges. Some thoughts follow #DCFC
#DCFC went from a £7.9m loss to £14.6m profit, mainly due to £40m from selling & leasing back Pride Park Stadium. Revenue was only up £0.6m (2%) to £29.6m, though this was the club’s highest in the Championship without parachute payments. Profit on player sales fell £12m to £4m.
Main reason for #DCFC revenue increase was an away FA Cup game at Manchester United, which meant match receipts were up £0.5m (5%) to £9.1m. Broadcasting also rose £0.2m (2%) to £8.1m, due to higher Premier League solidarity payment, but commercial was down £0.1m to £12.4m.
Read 46 tweets
Brentford’s financial results for 2017/18 covered “yet another season of consolidation and progress”, when the Bees finished 9th in the Championship under head coach Dean Smith, their fourth consecutive top 10 place. Some thoughts in the following thread #BrentfordFC
#BrentfordFC loss widened from £1.0m to £3.9m, due to “increased football related costs”. Revenue was stable at £12.7m, due to ”similar on-pitch performance and attendance year-on-year”, while profit on player sales rose £1.3m to £14.1m.
#BrentfordFC revenue was flat at £12.7m, as ticketing income fell £0.4m (12%) to £3.1m, offset by increases in commercial, up £0.3m (15%) to £2.3m, and broadcasting, up £0.1m (2%) to £7.3m. Other operating income dropped £0.3m to £0.2m.
Read 39 tweets
Leeds United’s 2017/18 accounts covered the first season under owner Andrea Radrizzani, when they finished a “disappointing” 13th in the Championship, sacking two head coaches (Thomas Christiansen & Paul Heckingbottom), before appointing Marcelo Bielsa. Some thoughts follow #LUFC
#LUFC posted a £4.3m loss, compared to a £1.0m profit the previous season, despite revenue growing £6.6m (19%) from £34.1m to £40.7m and profit on player sales doubling from £9m to £18m, due to “investment in both player registrations and salaries and scouting expenses”.
The main reason for #LUFC £6.6m revenue growth was a £5.5m (33%) increase in commercial income to £21.8m (catering, merchandising and the Selby-Warrington boxing fight), though gate receipts also rose £1.1m (11%) to £11.3m. Broadcasting was flat at £7.7m.
Read 41 tweets
Aston Villa’s 2017/18 financial results covered their second season in the Championship with Tony Xia as chairman following relegation from the Premier League. They finished 4th, but narrowly missed out on promotion after losing in the play-off final. Some thoughts follow #AVFC
Following that defeat, #AVFC “experienced significant liquidity problems”, including a missed tax payment to HMRC, which led to a rescue by billionaire businessmen Nassef Sawiris and Wes Edens, who injected £68m of funding with NSWE SCS becoming the club’s controlling owners.
#AVFC loss increased by £21m from £15m to £36m, as revenue dropped £5m (7%) from £74m to £69m and profit on player sales fell £11m from £27m to £16m. On the other hand, the club received £3m compensation for HS2 rail project, which will go through part of the training ground.
Read 42 tweets
Wolverhampton Wanderers 2017/18 financial results covered a successful season, when the club was promoted to the Premier League as champions after a six-year absence, led by head coach Nuno Espirito Santo under the ownership of Fosun International. Some thoughts follow #WWFC
#WWFC loss shot up from £23m to a breathtaking £57m, largely due to increased expenditure on players and wages plus an estimated £20m on bonuses and additional transfer fee payments following promotion.
#WWFC revenue rose 11% (£2.6m) from £23.8m to £26.4m, as commercial increased £1.4m (15%) to £10.6m and gate receipts were up £1.3m (20%) to £7.8m, but broadcasting was flat at £8.0m. Profit on player sales was £5.9m higher at £8.1m.
Read 39 tweets
Preston North End’s 2017/18 financial results covered a season when they finished in an impressive 7th place in the Championship , just missing out on the play-offs. Alex Neil replaced Simon Grayson as manager in July 2017. Some thoughts in the following thread #pnefc
#pnefc made £2.6m profit before tax compared to a £0.4m loss the prior season, even though revenue fell very slightly (1%) to £13.3m. In contrast, profit on player sales increased £7.5m to £9.7m. Profit after tax up from £0.9m to £2.6m, as there was a £1.3m tax credit in 2016/17.
#pnefc £0.2m revenue decrease was due to falls in both match day, £0.3m (8%) to £3.4m, and commercial, £0.2m (6%) to £2.8m. This was partially offset by a £0.3m (5%) rise in broadcasting, due to a higher solidarity payment.
Read 37 tweets

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