Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #Intramuros

Most recents (14)

#TodayinHistory in 1871, Epifanio de los Santos, pioneer Filipiniana collector, historian, writer, assemblyman & polyglot, was born in #Malabon #PH. By virtue of RA 2140, s. 1959, Highway 54 in Metro Manila was renamed Epifanio de los Santos Ave (#EDSA). THREAD. Image
Born to the wealthy couple, Escolastico de los Santos & Antonina Cristobal y Tongco, Epifanio used his privilege to educate himself for his people's benefit. He studied at @ateneodemanilau & earned his Law degree in @UST1611official. He was well versed in Spanish literature...
...finding Juan Valera's novel, "Pepita Jimenez," moving. He sympathized w/ the Ilustrado reformist campaign, & actively supported the #PH Revolution vs Spain on its resumption in 1898. He was an editor for La Independencia, & was columnist for...
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#TodayinHistory in 1847, Cayetano Arellano, 1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, was born in Udyong (now Orion), Bataan, #PH. Although a controversial figure, Arellano set the foundation of the PH judiciary. THREAD. #history #kasaysayan Image
Born to Don Servando Arellano, a Spaniard, & Crisfora Lonzon of Bataan, Cayetano Arellano was a working student in his early years, finishing primary & secondary educ in @LetranOfficial, after w/c he finished Philosophy (1862), Theology (1867) & Laws (1876) at @UST1611official.
Arellano became instructor at the UST teaching Civil Law. Soon, he served as member ("regidor") of the council of the City of Manila (#Intramuros) from 1887 to 1889. He was soon appointed by the colonial gov as Magistrado Suplente of the Audiencia Territorial de Manila.
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#TodayinHistory in 1855, the Filipino painter, Félix Resurrección Hidalgo, was born in Binondo #Manila #PH. He, together w/ Juan Luna, was one of the leading Filipino painters of the late 19th century, associated w/ the Filipino reformist movement in Spain. THREAD. #history #art
Born to a wealthy lawyer & director of Dirreccion Provisional de la Sociedad Postas Generales de Luzon, Eduardo Resurrección Hidalgo, & merchant Maria Bárbara Padilla, Felix was 3rd of 7 children. He was educated in @ateneodemanilau, & @UST1611official where he learned to sketch.
Initially pursuing Law but losing interest in it, Hidalgo pursued art studies in Escuela de Dibujo y Pintura, under Spanish artist Agustin Saez. His talents were honed here. His first paintings were displayed & praised in the Universal Exposition of Philadelphia, U.S., in 1879.
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#TodayinHistory in 1763, Maria Josefa Gabriela Cariño de Silang or Gabriela Silang, general of the Ilocano revolt vs. Spain, was executed by hanging, after mounting a revolt that threatened the Spanish hold on the entire #Ilocos region.

THREAD.
#PH #kasaysayan
Born on 19 March 1731, in Caniogan, Santa, in Ilocos Sur, she was raised by Fray Tomas Millan, assured of ample education & religion. At 20 yrs old, she was forced to marry a wealthy man who died 3 years after, leaving her w/ his wealth.
A widow that she was, she got acquainted w/ Diego Silang, a courier of the Spanish gov, who courted her for 5 yrs until they were married in 1757. Diego's travels across Luzon opened his eyes to the unfair taxation, & forced labor imposed on Filipinos.
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#TodayinHistory in 1847, Cayetano Arellano, first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, was born in Udyong (now Orion), Bataan, #PH. He set the foundation for the PH judiciary. THREAD.
Born to Don Servando Arellano, a Spaniard, & Crisfora Lonzon of Bataan, Cayetano Arellano was a working student in his early years, finishing primary & secondary educ in @LetranOfficial, after w/c he finished Philosophy (1862), Theology (1867) & Laws (1876) at @UST1611official.
Arellano became instructor at the UST teaching Civil Law. Soon, he served as member ("regidor") of the council of the City of Manila (#Intramuros) from 1887 to 1889. He was soon appointed by the colonial gov as Magistrado Suplente of the Audiencia Territorial de Manila.
Read 9 tweets
#TodayinHistory in 1863, Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro, revolutionary leader & 3rd president of the revolutionary org, the #Katipunan, was born in Tondo, #Manila, #PH. Under his leadership, the Katipunan lead an all-out revolution vs. Spain beginning Aug 1896. THREAD. #kasaysayan
Born to Santiago Bonifacio and Catalina de Castro, a tailor & a housewife, Andres was born to a poor family, & eldest of his siblings—Ciriaco, Procopio, Espiridiona, Troadio, & Maxima. Upon the early death of their parents, Andres stood as breadwinner for the family.
First selling canes and paper fans, & juggling several jobs, Andres Bonifacio was employed as clerk & liaison for the British company Fleming & Co in Manila. He eventually became an agent of the company, but soon decided to switch to the German company, Fressel & Co.
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#TodayinHistory in 1645, Colegio de Santo Tomas was elevated to university status by virtue of Pope Innocent X's In Supreminenti. The institution therefore became Universidad de Santo Tomas (@UST1611official). It added "pontifical university" on its title. THREAD.
In 1611, the institution was official founded upon Spanish King Philip II's granting of its Document of Foundation. Years prior, Domingo de Salazar, Miguel de Benavides, and other pioneering Dominicans worked to est. the learning institution.
Its first campus was in #Intramuros, beside the original Santo Domingo Church in the Walled City. A second campus, a larger one, was built in Sampaloc, #Manila. During #WWII, the Intramuros campus was destroyed, while the Sampaloc campus survived.
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#TodayinHistory in 1574, Lakandula, chief of Tondo, & Raja Soliman, after accepting Spanish sovereignty years prior, mounted a revolt vs. the Spanish governor, Guido de Lavezaris, for not honoring the pact they had w/ his predecessor Miguel Lopez de Legazpi. THREAD. #PH #history
Back in 1571, it was Lakandula of Tondo who first welcomed the Spaniards, on behalf of Raja Matanda & his heir Soliman of Manila. Lakandula became the mediator, leading to the eventual acceptance of Spanish sovereignty.
This led to the founding of the Spanish colonial city on the site of Soliman's burnt down settlement, #Intramuros (Manila) on 24 June 1571, known now as "Araw ng Maynila."
Read 10 tweets
#TodayinHistory in 1763, Maria Josefa Gabriela Cariño de Silang or Gabriela Silang, general of the Ilocano revolt vs. Spain, was executed by hanging, after mounting a revolt that threatened the Spanish hold on the entire #Ilocos region. (THREAD) #PH tmblr.co/ZtGCUx2JtPyIk Image
Born on 19 March 1731, in Caniogan, Santa, in Ilocos Sur, she was raised by Fray Tomas Millan, assured of ample education & religion. At 20 yrs old, she was forced to be married to a wealthy man who died 3 years after, leaving her w/ his wealth.
A widow that she was, she got acquainted w/ Diego Silang, a courier of the Spanish gov, who wooed her for 5 yrs until they married in 1757. Diego Silang's travels across the regions opened his eyes to the unfair taxation, & forced labor on Filipinos.
Read 10 tweets
#TodayinHistory in 1898, the Revolutionary Congress convened for the 1st time in #Malolos #Bulacan #PH, w/ Filipino-elected reps from #PH provinces liberated from Spain. Their initial task was to ratify the Proclamation of Independence. They drafted a Constitution. (THREAD) Image
On 23 June 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo issued a decree (conceptualized & drafted by Apolinario Mabini) transforming the dictatorial gov into a revolutionary gov (congreso revolucionario), and laying the ground work for a unicameral Congress. Image
Representation, w/c the Spanish colonial gov denied Filipinos, was vital. Elections were held & on 1 August 1898, elected mayors of liberated towns ratified the Proclamation of Independence of 12 June 1898. At the time, the capital of the revolutionary gov was #Bacoor #Cavite.
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#TodayinHistory in 1601, the Colegio de San Jose was established by the Jesuits in Manila (#Intramuros). It is now known as the San Jose Seminary at the Ateneo de Manila University in Quezon City. (THREAD) ImageImage
The Society of Jesus (members known as Jesuits), a priestly order in the Catholic Church, was founded by Ignatius of Loyola and approved by the Pope in 1540. In the backdrop of the Protestant Reformation, the Jesuits were instrumental in the Counter-Reformation efforts in Europe. Image
The #Jesuit order arrived in #PH from Mexico in 1581 led by their Superior, Antonio Sedeño. From his group's pioneering efforts, Jesuit mission stations & schools were established. Sedeño founded the Universidad de San Ignacio in Intramuros in 1590.
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#TodayinHistory in 1898, after the Spanish administration transferred control of Manila (#Intramuros) to the Americans, Emilio Aguinaldo issued a decree moving the capital of the revolutionary government from Kawit, Cavite to #Malolos, Bulacan. (THREAD) #history #PH Image
In May 1898, with the Americans promising Aguinaldo aid to relaunch the #PH Revolution against Spain, Filipino forces have been gaining ground, while the Americans battled the Spanish forces at sea.
The proclamation of #PH independence was declared on 12 June 1898 at Kawit, Cavite. The fledgling Filipino government set out to make itself more representative of the liberated towns, thanks to the initiative of Apolinario Mabini.
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#TodayinHistory in 1898, the Mock Battle of Manila, a staged battle fought by the American & Spanish forces begins at 9:45 am and ends at around 4:00 pm with the Spanish surrender of #Intramuros (#Manila). Filipinos were not allowed to capture the city. (THREAD) #PH #history Image
Previously, the U.S. Asiatic Squadron of Admiral George Dewey reached out to Emilio Aguinaldo, who was exiled in Hong Kong, to lead the resumption of the #PH Revolution against Spain, as the American fleet engaged the Spanish Navy docked in Cavite.
On 1 May 1898, the U.S. Asiatic Squadron decimated the Spanish navy in Cavite, sinking 8 Spanish ships, leading to the Spanish fleet's surrender. From then on, Americans began amassing forces in Manila Bay from San Francisco almost unimpeded.
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#TodayinHistory in 1863, Rafael del Pan—lawyer, adviser to Apolinario Mabini, journalist, statesman and 1st Filipino criminologist—is born in #Intramuros #PH. He was born to Jose Felipe del Pan (a Spaniard) & Amalia Garcia Fontela, a Filipina. (THREAD)

*His Portrait by Juan Luna Image
Context: He began his formal schooling in Spain at the young age of 7, but went back to Manila to pursue his Bachelor of Arts in 1880. He studied at the Universidad Central de Madrid (now @unicomplutense) in 1884 & gained his Licentiate in Jurisprudence.
His passion with the rule of law was seen in his graduate thesis, "Los efectos jurídicos de la Ignorancia de Derecho" (The legal effects of the ignorance of the law) on which Del Pan was conferred the Doctorate in Jurisprudence.
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