Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #Naman

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Today is the Jayanti of Dheeran Chinammalai, who led a resistance to the British in the Kongu region of Tamil Nadu, another forgotten hero, and an iconic hero of the Polygar Wars on par with Pazhassi Raja, Veerapandya Kattabomman, Uyyalavada Narasimha Reddy.
While 1857 is often regarded as the first large scale revolt against British rule, there were many localized revolts that broke out. And one of them was the Polygar Wars down South between March 1799 to July 1805.
This was one of the bloodiest revolts ever faced by the British, fought primarily in Tamil Nadu, the Malabar region. And contrary to what most historians claim, the British did not have an easy run, the Polygar Wars were the most serious challenge to their hegemony.
Read 31 tweets
Today is the Punya Thithi of Mokshagundam Visweswarayya, One of the builders of modern India, an engineering genius, and one of the greatest Indians of modern era. founder of the modern Mysore State, in whose honor Engineers Day is celebrated.
Mokshagundam Visweswarayya, founder of the modern Mysore State. Every where you go in that region, you can find his legacy, be it the mighty Krishna Raja Sagar Dam or institutions like State Bank of Mysore or the Bhadravati Steel Factory.
Vishwesarayya was born in Mudenahalli, now located in Chikballapur district on Sept 15,1861 to Srinivasa Sastry and Venkachamma. His father was a well known Sanskrit scholar, from whom he learnt to respect the culture and traditions of Bharat.
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Today is the Punya Thithi of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee the man who composed Vande Mataram, one of the greatest Indian writers of the modern era, noted for his strong female characters, and inspired the Bengali Renaissance.
,Bankim Chandra was born in a small village near Naihati , in the North Paraganas region, his father Yadav Chandra Chattopadhyaya would later become Dy Collector of Midnapore, while one of his brother Sanjib Chandra was also an equally well known novelist.
Bankim graduated from Kolkata's Presidency College in 1858, along with Jadunath Bose, he was one of the first graduates, later got a Law degree. He joined Govt service and retired in 1891, and his tenure was filled with recurring conflicts with the British,
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Today is the Punya Thithi of Balaji Viswanath, father of the legendary Baji Rao, who began the Peshwa era in Maratha history, played a crucial role in the consolidation of Maratha empire. Often called the second founder of the Maratha state.
Balaji Vishwanath was the one who made the Peshwa all powerful, till then more a Prime Minister, he was the one who made it the main power center, As well as ensuring the hold of the Chitpavan Brahmins over the position, primarily from Konkan.
Balaji Vishwanath had to deal with the threat to the Maratha Empire on 2 fronts, one was the deadly internal conflict between Tarabai and Shahu, and another the continous assault by Aurangzeb. It was a crucial period, where the Empire was facing attack on both ends.
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Today is the Jayanti of K.S.Thimayya, nicknamed as Timmy, served as Chief of Army Staff from 1957-61 in the years leading up to the war with China. He was also the first to point out the threat from China to Nehru, that was predictably ignored. Legend in military circles.
The only Indian to command an infantry brigade during World War II, and dealt with the repatriation of POWs as head of an UN after the Korean War.Known for his quick wit, fiery temper, a no nonsense attitude, and an independent stance, Thimayya was a legend.
Belonging to the same Kodendera clan of Cariappa, he was born in Madikeri, into a well to do family of coffee planters on March 30, 1906. His mother Sitamma,was well educated and a social worker, while his father Subbayya was another of the well known coffee plantation owners.
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Today is the Punya Thithi of Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, noted journalist, freedom fighter, mentor to revolutionaries like Chandra Shekhar Azad, associate of Bhagat Singh, killed on this date by a mob in Kanpur in 1931, during communal riots.
Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi ironically died just 3 days after the hanging of Bhagat Singh, when a protest rally against the execution in Kanpur, turned into an ugly communal riot, and he was killed while trying to contain the riots.
Vidyarthi was the founder editor of the Hindi language newspaper Pratap in Kanpur, also translated Victor Hugo's novel 93 into Hindi. Was a constant source of encouragement for the revolutionaries, and took the British head on through his writings.
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Belated tribute to Ram Manohar Lohia, whose Jayanti it was yesterday. often called the stormy petrel of Indian politics. If there was one word to describe Lohia, maverick would be the right answer. A fascinating, multi layered personality.
There was much to Ram Manohar Lohia, a devout Gandhian, who went underground during the Quit India movement, a maverick socialist who felt that both Marxism and Capitalism were not suited for India, fought in Goa against Portuguese, and Nehru's strongest opponents,
It would not be appropriate to classify Lohia in the Western framework of Left and Right, he would not have fit in either. While a socialist in economic policies, he was also very religious. Was against casteism, stood for women's equality and individualism,
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#LestWeForget On this date in 1931, #BhagatSingh , #Rajguru and #Sukhdev were hanged to death. 3 young men who gave their lives for our freedom. This thread is more on the trial and execution of #BhagatSingh, the circumstances leading up to it.
Bhagat Singh, a man who was an icon of sorts in the revolutionary spectrum of India’s freedom movement. A man who smilingly went to the gallows, whose only purpose in throwing the bomb was to make the deaf hear.
Contrary to popular perception, Bhagat Singh was not really a believer in revolutionary violence. For him violence was more to be used as a last resort, he believed more in mass awakening, educating the people. He felt that mere violence per se wud not serve any purpose.
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Today is the Jayanti of Master Da Surya Sen, one of the greatest revolutionary leaders, mastermind behind the Chittagong Raid, an inspiration to many other revolutionaries, tortured and executed by British in the most brutal manner.
Masterda Surya Sen, shook the British like none else before. He was the one who led one of the largest ever raids on the British at Chittagong, attacking their armory, cantonment, the exclusive Europeans only club there and the telegraph office there.
Master Da Surya Sen who shook the British so much in Bengal, was born in a small village called Noapara, near Chittagong( now in Bangladesh) in 1894. His father, Ramniranjan Sen was a teacher himself.
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Today is the Jayanti of Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon, close associate of Netaji, one of the 3 INA Men in that famous Red Fort Trial, led the INA campaign in South East Asia, and was with INA since it's formation.
Lal Qile se aaee awaaz,
Sehgal Dhillon Shahnawaz
Teenon ki ho Umar Daraaz
The words echoed outside the Red Fort , as the 3 men Capt Shah Nawaz Khan, Col Prem Sehgal and Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon were being tried on charges of waging war against the king.
Captain Shah Nawaz Khan– A captain in the Indian Army, captured by the Japanese after the fall of Singapore during World War II in 1942. He was profoundly influenced by Netaji Subash Chandra Bose, to join the Indian National Army, wud later join Congress after 1947, be an MP.
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Today is the Punya Thithi of Nana Fadnavis, the Maratha Chanakya. t. As Prime Minister of the Maratha confederacy, he bought it back to the days of glory after the humiliating rout at Panipat. One of the most famous residents of Wai.
Nana Phadnavis,the secretary to Sadashiv Rao Bhau, one of the few who survived the carnage at Panipat. A man who defeated the British twice with his intelligence and diplomacy, prompting them to call him the Maratha Machiavelli.
This remarkable genius was born as Balaji Janardhan Bhanu in Satara district, Nana was his nickname. His grandfather Balaji Bhanu had migrated from the seaside town of Shrivardhan, in the Konkan region, and was a close friend of the first Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath Bhat.
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#LestWeForget Today is the Punyathithi of Chattrapathi Sambhaji, the son of Shivaji, the date on which he was murdered by Aurangzeb after being tortured in the most brutal manner, for his refusal to convert to Islam. A hero who has not got his due really.
Quite often, growing up in the shadow of a banyan tree can be quite inhibiting, however much you grow, and you shall always look small against the banyan. In a sense that was what happened to Sambhaji, the son of Sivaji.
Growing up in the shadow of a powerful father, who was a giant of a personality, meant Sambhaji, for all his achievements would never really match up to Sivaji. Add to this own reckless attitude, meant that he was often judged rather harshly by Maratha historians.
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Today is the birth anniversary of J.N.Tata, one of the founders of Modern India. Tata Steel, IISC, Jamshedpur some of his major contributions to India.Born in the town of Navsari in Gujarat, on this date in 1839, Jamsetji's father was a small time business man himself.
Jamsetiji's father relocated to Bombay, to pursue business opportunities there, and did well, starting off as a small time trader.A graduate of Elphinstone College, Jamsetji was quite a bright student, and joined his father's trading firm in 1858.
The year 1858 when J.N.Tata stepped into business was significant, the Brits had crushed the 1857 revolt, and were in full control.J.N.Tata was sent by his father to Hong Kong to expand the business interests there, and he was there for 4 years.
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Remembering the great scientist C.V.Raman on #NationalScienceDay2019 . It is the date to celebrate his discovery of the now famous Raman Effect in spectroscopy for which he became the first Asian to win the Nobel in Physics, one of the major breakthroughs ever.
When C V Raman was being given the Nobel Prize, he looked around and realized that he was the only dark skinned person in a sea of white faces. and that he was sitting under the Union Jack. The fact that India did not even have her own flag, made him break down.
C.V. Raman was the first to recognize and demonstrate that the energy of photon can undergo partial transformation within matter. I still recall vividly the deep impression that this discovery made on all of us- Albert Einstein
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Today is the Punya thithi of Veer Savarkar. However this thread is more about another person in his life, not so well known. The woman in his life, Yamunabai Savarkar, aka Mai. A remarkable woman who stood by her husband, in every trial and tribulation.
“Behind every successful man is a woman” so goes the common saying. While we are familiar with Veer Savarkar, not many know about the woman in his life, Yamunabai Savarkar or more affectionately known as Mai.
Mai's real name was Yashoda, and she came from a background, totally different to that of Veer Savarkar’s. Where her husband came from a modest family, supported by his elder brother, she came from a rich and influential family.
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Today is the Jayanti of Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar, scientist, founder of CSIR, in whose name the Scientific awards are given out in India. And a good poet too, who composed the Kulgeet for BHU in Sanskrit. And played a major role in the rise of chemical industry.
Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar was born on February 21, 1894 in Bhera, a small town now located in the Punjab province of Pakistan. His father Parameswar Sahai, was a Brahmo, driven by ideology, and a second master at Anglo-Sanskrit High School in Shahpur district.
With his father passing away when he was just 8 years old, Shanti was bought up by his maternal grandfather, Munshi Pyare Lal, one of the earliest graduates of Rorkee Engineering College.
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#TodayInHistory The Naval Ratings Mutiny begins in Mumbai, in 1946, one of the main reasons for the British to quit India. Unfortunately it has become a Forgotten Mutiny, not getting it's due in our history books, inspite of it's significant impact.
During an interview in 1976, then British PM Clement Atlee, claimed the Naval Ratings Mutiny to be one of the significant factors for the British to quit India. And when asked about the impact of the Quit India movement, he dismissed it as minimal.
The British often used the Indian soldiers as cannon fodder, they did all the dirty work, were the persons on front line in conflict and in many World Wars, many Indian soldiers died fighting for the British empire.
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#TodayInHistory The Battle of Sinhgad, takes place in 1670 AD, when Tanaji Malusare, one of Shivaji Maharaj's finest generals, undertakes one of the greatest military operations in the history of India. An inspiring tale of courage, tactics and heroism.
Sinhagad was originally called as Kondhana , and is located around 12 miles from Pune. Located on the eastern side of the great Sahayadri range, it is connected to Purandar on the east and west by very high ridges, and on the north and south, there is a huge rugged mountain.
The fort is located on the mountain with a sheer vertical drop and and it has a strong wall, flanked by towers. The only entrance to the fort is by the gates. Shivaji was forced to surrender this fort to Raja Jai Singh, by the Treaty of Purandar.
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Today is Jayanti of Major Somnath Sharma, the first Param Vir Chakra awardee, his action in protecting the Srinagar airfield from Pakistani raiders would go down as one of the most famous last stands in history, and died like a hero on the battle field.
Major Somnath Sharma, born in the Kangra valley of Himachal Pradesh in 1923, came from a family with a military background. His father Major General Amarnath Sharma, was the first director general of Armed Medical Services post Independence.
Growing up with his grandfather Pandit Daulat Ram, he would often listen to the Gita and Krishna’s teaching to Arjun influenced him a lot. His maternal uncle Capt. Krishna Dutt Vasudev, had earlier died in WWII, defending a bridge in Malaya from the Japanese which influenced him
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Today is Jayanti of another great Indian Dr. Raja Ramanna. Matter of fact3 great Indians were born on this date- #LalaLajpatRai , Field Marshall K.M.Cariappa and Dr. Ramanna. In this thread will be looking at Dr. Ramanna primarily, as not much known about him.
Dr . Raja Rammana, was associated with India's nuclear program for around 4 decades, right from the start. Was one of the main players in Pokhran I, later served as Minister in VP Singh's short lived United Front Govt too. And an excellent musician too.
Raja Ramanna was born in Tumkur, on Januaru 28, 1925 to Rukmini and Ramanna . A student of Bishop Cotton, Bangalore, he later attended Madras Christian College, where he got a degree both in Physics and also in Classical Music., one of his passions.
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Today is the Jayanti of Punjab Kesari, Lala Lajpat Rai, one of the great freedom fighters, part of the Lal-Bal-Pal trio, founder of DAV, an inspiration to many other revolutionaries,a man who stood up for Hindu causes. A true Lion of Punjab.
Lala Lajpat Rai, was born to an Urdu teacher, Lala Radha Kishan and Gulab Devi , in a tiny village called Dhudika, in the Ferozepur district of Punjab, on the 28th of January, 1865. Into a family that valued, freedom and self-respect, values he imbibed growing up.
Growing up amidst poverty, Lajpat Rai, nevertheless managed to complete his education, studying law at Govt. College, Lahore. The stint at Lahore’s Govt College, was what shaped his value system too.
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While we celebrate the Jayanti of #NetajiSubhasChandraBose today, it is also the Jayanti of another great freedom fighter from Odisha, not as well known, Veer Surendra Sai, who led a long guerrilla uprising against the British in Sambalpur.
When one looks at the history of the freedom struggle in Odisha, one name that would stand out would be that of Veer Surender Sai, who led a tribal revolt in Sambalpur that nearly rattled the British. The airport in Jharsuguda is named in his honor.
A born rebel, Surendra, hailed from the small village of Khinda, and was a Rajput belonging to the Chauhan clan of Khinda-Rajpur. His father Dharam Singh, was a descendant of Aniruddha Sai, the fourth Chauhan ruler of Sambalpur.
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Today is the Punya Thithi of Rash Behari Bose, the brain behind the entire INA movement, revolutionary leader, key player in the Ghadar conspiracy, first Indian to set up a restaurant in Japan, evaded British 17 times, a legend in his own right.
If Netaji came out in the fight as Garibaldi of the INA movement, Rash Behari’s part in the drama was more than that of a Mazzini- Thakin Nu, ex premier of Myanmar.
And that aptly summed up Rash Behari Bose, he was the brains behind the scene, setting up INA from scratch.
In many ways Rash Behari was the opposite of his more famed namesake, Subash Chandra Bose. Netaji was a brilliant orator, one who could motivate people to shed blood for the cause of freedom, the charismatic leader, who could sway the masses like none another.
Read 49 tweets
Belated tribute to Master Da Surya Sen, who was brutally executed yesterday by the British, tortured in the worst possible manner. One of the great revolutionaries , a true hero, the mastermind behind the Chittagong Raid. A man who shook the British rule.
It's ironic that while Jan 12th was an occasion for joy with the birth of #SwamiVivekananda it is also one of the most tragic days in Indian history, with the brutal torture and execution of Master Da Surya Sen on the same date.
Master Da was the one who led one of the largest ever raids on the British at Chittagong, attacking their armory, cantonment, the exclusive Europeans only club there and the telegraph office there.
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