Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #Persian

Most recents (16)

#My_Twitter_Rule 20/1
Our youth in a rush to create following on digital platforms. It is good start, but do they know what next. Having big following is just tool, unless one knew what to do with it, interest will die down after a while. Please read & learn who we (Muslims) are?
#My_Twitter_Rule 20/2
But read what? How to build #knowledge. #Information & Knowledge are two different things. Use Authentic sources, Introspection, Deliberation & Exchanges brings #Wisdom to the discourse.
Starting point is always #Quran! Read once translation & commentary....
#My_Twitter_Rule 20/3
Quran is a biggest gift of Allah, a guide, a constitution & a Hidaya. THAWAB is not its primary purpose!
Prophet SAW biography. He is a leader, head of state, a commander, peace maker, Mercy to mankind, role model (husband, father neighbor an orphan himself)
Read 12 tweets
𝗘𝗮𝗿𝗹𝘆 𝗗𝗮𝘆𝘀 𝗼𝗳 𝗗𝗼𝗴𝗿𝗮 𝗥𝗮𝗷 & 𝗞𝗣𝘀

The initial period of #Dogra regime under Gulab Singh & Ranbir Singh was eager to cultivate the loyalty of the Hindu clerical caste of #Kashmir Pandit and few prominent Kashmir Muslim families.
#Gulab Singh was acquainted that the #Kashmiri Pandits were highly advanced in education and wielding monopoly of Persian language; they succeeded in getting important jobs in the #Lahore court as well as in other States
The province of #Kashmir signified many problems of administrative reconstruction & consolidation. The Urban KPs were loyal to & ruler and they engaged themselves in revenue & other posts whereas the Rural KPs were simply cultivators with no connection tod revenue administration
Read 23 tweets
1. Next 21 tweets on #Sikh tradition's relationship with different languages & scripts in Indic core & extended MidEast/Mongol/Tibet/E.Asian family.

What were the cultural undercurrents of the first Sikh movement towards Indicization?

What derailed this?

What about the future?
2. #Sikh Guru Angad ji pioneered the re-introduction of Indic script in Punjab. Rolled back imposition of modified-Arabic script.

#Gurmukhi is derived from Sharada script of #Kashmiri Hindus. Related to far flung Tocharian script. Is only surviving member of that script-family.
3. #Sindhis, Hindus from #NWFP & Hinglaaj (present-day #Balochistan), + today's #Kashmiri Hindus' Indic scripts have lost currency. Most now use modified-Arabic script.

These groups should consider adopting #Gurmukhi as script for their languages as they reclaim their identity.
Read 21 tweets
I am reading Ahmed El Shamsy’s recent book on the impact of #printing on modern discourses on #Islamic scholarship. Like his previous book, it is extremely readable and insightful. I will post some questions and intriguing passages from the chapters that interest me most./1
In the introduction, the author tells us that he will cover the 19th c. which saw the marginalisation of the classical Islamic work, the adoption of printing & rebirth of the classical heritage. Muslim reformers reasserted the classical tradition to undermine the postclassical./2
I think ch. 1 will be the most interesting for me: it names two key factors in the marginalisation of the classical works: "the dramatic decline of traditional libraries and the voracious appetites and deep pockets of European collectors of Arabic books."(p.6)/3
Read 43 tweets
My first encounter with the #Persian #Wittgenstein (1889-1951) in Iran was buying a copy of a translation of #PhilosophicalInvestigations at the Tehran book fair in 1999 - a thread on Wittgenstein in Iran 1/
This translation by Ferydoun Fatemi (d. 2008), a well-known translator of philosophical works with Nashr-e markaz seems to be based on the English 2/
Standard accounts of Wittgenstein do not tend to look at his reception beyond the English speaking context - but for that there are two two excellent introductions which partly problematise the 'early' vs 'late' and SEP entry plato.stanford.edu/entries/wittge… 3/
Read 25 tweets
A passion piece for me, tracing the origins of #Pakistan #Turkiye brotherhood.

Nowadays, when public affinity for #Turkish TvShow #ErtugrulGhazi
is the rage in #Pakistan.

I’ve attempted to trace the historical events that helped develop these bonds.

/1

brecorder.com/2020/05/19/595…
Be it #Turkish support to #Pakistan when it comes to the Kashmir dispute or other international issues, #Pakistanis are well aware of the fact that, #Turkey goes out of its way to stand by #Pakistan.

/2
But to understand this bond of brotherhood, and how it developed over a period of a 100 years we need to take a deeper look at the instances in our own history, when #Pakistanis as a people went out of our way to stand by the #Turks.

/3
Read 14 tweets
Only an insecure citizen will vilify a period of history, as rich and complex as #Mughal rule.

This demonstrates a vacuum of confidence and an inherent inadequacy in their own ability, to accept or understand the dynamics that created modern #India.

A #thread on the #Mughals:
1. The #Mughals, as they are erroneously called, were descended from Temur (aka Tamberlane, Tamerlane), in a direct patrilineal line and from Chengiz Khan in a direct matrilineal line.

They identified themselves with their Timurid heritage.
#TheGreatMughals
2. Babur, like all Mughals felt a legitimate claim on Hindustan after its conquest in 1398-99, by Temür, which effectively ended the already tottering Tughlaq Sultanate, following the fall of Delhi.
Not until 1451 and the rise of the Lodis (under Bahlul Khan), did Delhi recover.
Read 30 tweets
“Sibel Edmonds Unplugged: Travel, Food & Upcoming Documentary”- My Latest Video, Quarantine Day 17
Talking about everything BUT Politics! Travel, Food, Culture, Paths & Plans, My Upcoming Film … and who know what else! Send me your comments, ideas, after watching this- please😊
Many thanks to those of you who’ve commented and DM’ed me on this latest video! If you haven’t watched it yet, here’s the link:
Read 7 tweets
#IbnArabi (d. 1240) is famed for his monistic doctrine of #wahdatalwujud although #WilliamChittick ibnarabisociety.org/articles/qunaw… has pointed out he never used the term preferring al-wujud al-Haqq or similar #SufiMetaphysicsContested 1/
In the immediate generation after him the meaning of God as the only existent or rather the ‘absolute being’ (al-wujud al-mutlaq) was debated by his step-son Sadr al-Din Qunawi (d. 1274) with the Avicennian philosopher Nasir al-Din al Tusi (d. 1274) books.google.co.uk/books/about/al… 2/
Ibn ‘Arabi’s metaphysics were rapidly adopted by Persian poets like Maghribi (d. 1408) and by theologians leading to further contestations between Sa’d al-Din Taftazani (d. 1389) and ‘Ali al-Jurjani (d. 1413) the famous disputants at the court of Timur (d. 1405) 3/
Read 19 tweets
Look at these 10/10 extremely good bois

THREAD about birb in Iranian art 🦆🦚🐓🦅🐣

~ NA @eranudturan #HistoryofIran

patreon.com/eranudturan
You’ll notice that #ducks are REALLY common in #Sogdian art, appearing primarily in #textile (there’s also a wooden painted panel from Kucha). They almost always hold a necklace in their beaks

~ NA @eranudturan #Historyofiran
They sometimes appear in conjunction with pheasants, who often wear a necklace around their necks.

What’s this motif all about?

~ NA #HistoryofIran
Read 13 tweets
Bodies of slain General #Solemani & comrades arrive in #Ahwaz, Iran. A mammoth funeral procession has kicked off. Images of hundreds of thousands mourners packing the streets, bridge & square, is colossal.
.2/ Images of procession of #Soleimqni from #Ahwaz
images via @AlMayadeenLive
.3/ This is only in #Ahwaz, southwest of #Iran & the first leg of #Solaimani’s funeral procession. I can’t even begin to imagine what it would be like once they arrive to the capital #Tehran.
Read 12 tweets
#Thread 4
#AhmadShahDurrani wrote both prose & poetry mainly in Pashto, but also in Dari/Persian.
He regularly held Majlis-e ulama (“Assembly of the Learned/Scholars”) devoted to divinity, civil law & literature, even when on expeditions.
@DawoodAzami DA 1
@DawoodAzami Ishrat (who composed #AhmadShahDurrani’s Shahnamah in #Persian) says that the #Shah really likes the company of & discussions with the scholars/learned people.
He adds the #Shah doesn't have any other love "except the love of #book".
ندارد محبت بغیر از کتاب
@DawoodAzami DA 2
@DawoodAzami #AhmadShahDurrani regularly held Majlis-e ulama (Assembly of the Learned/Scholars) devoted to divinity & civil law & literature.
Raverty (1862) described the knowledge/education of the #Shah to be the equivalent of a "Doctor of Literature or Divinity” (p. 289). @DawoodAzami DA 3
Read 9 tweets
1/ Here’s a unique coin I love to show my students @UniofOxford. A fascinating window into the early history of #Islam in #Iran. Minted in Sistan, ca. 691-2. One side portrays the #Sasanian king of kings; the other has the Islamic profession of faith (the shahada) but in Pahlavi!
2/ Pahlavi (otherwise known as #Zoroastrian Middle #Persian) was the language of the #Sassanian kings and the #Zoroastrian clergy. It remained a prestige language in #Iran even after the Islamic conquest
3/ What makes the coin so unique is that it translates the shahada into an essentially #Zoroastrian idiom: “yazd-ēw bē ōy any yazd nēst mahmat paygāmbar ī yazd” (There is one God, without any other, #Muhammad is the #Prophet of God)
Read 15 tweets
#LanguageTrivia: A common catchphrase in English language for speech or text being indecipherable to a person is - "It's all Greek to me!" [1/n]
The genesis of this phrase is often cited as dating back to 1599 when Shakespeare's Casca conspiring against Julius Caesar said, “Those that understood him smiled at one another and shook their heads, but, for mine own part, it was Greek to me.” [2/n]
However, prior to its usage by Shakespeare, English poet Gascoigne, circa 1566, while interpreting an Italian comedy into english wrote, "This geare (talk) is Greeke to me; either it hangs not well together, or I am very dull of understanding: speak plaine, I pray you.” [3/n]
Read 21 tweets
1) #GoogleDoodle today is on #Persian Polymath, philosopher, & poet #OmarKhayyam to celebrate his 971st birthday.

This is second time that #Google dedicated a Doodle to him. In 2012 too, #Khayyam’s 964th birthday was also celebrated by the search engine with a special #doodle
2) Here is from my PhD Dissertation:

A contemporary of #Ghazali, #OmarKhayyam was one of the most versatile scholars of the time, simultaneously a polymath, philosopher and a poet.
3) #OmarKhayyam can be regarded as a successor of al-Farabi and al-Biruni, in the line of argument although he is more famous for his #Rubaiyat (Quatrain).
Read 10 tweets
While *most* South Asian Muslims use #Persian terms for religious concepts, Muslims in #TamilNadu & #Kerala (who trace their roots to Arab trading communities) have distinct traditions also reflected in their terminology, which freely draws from #Tamil/#Malayalam & #Sanskrit.
Instead of rozā, the #Persian term for Islamic fasting (itself a translation of #Arabic ṣawm) used in #Urdu, #Bengali, #Gujarati etc, #Tamil & #Malayalam speaking Muslims use nōmpu, lit. ceremonial fasting. The word is from a proto #Dravidian root meaning to do penance. #Ramadan
Sanskrit is used too. #Malayalam speaking Muslims commonly refer to #Ramzan as puṇya māsam, #Sanskrit for month of good merit. Nimskāram, the Malayalam counterpart of the #Persian namāz (Islamic prayer), is from #Sanskrit namaskāra (lit. prostratration, here, to a god). #Ramadan
Read 8 tweets

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