Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #Persian

Most recents (24)

#Persian Rugs, #Carpets, Weaving

This one is near & dear to my heart, so I will also share a poem I wrote many years ago about my grandfather who started weaving carpets in retirement :)

🧵⤵️ Houston Museum of Fine Arts, via
We talked about textiles in ancient Persia before, and here I will include some samples to look at their design elements, and some that have been confirmed to be varieties of carpets from #Sasanian era, or early Islamic era

Now parts of the poem :)

... I woke up and saw the silhouette
of a man creating a scene
so I passed the glass between us
and watched for hours.
this time it was a dervish on one
side of the river and lovers
on the other side pouring their wine
Read 71 tweets
For over 400 years, history has been haunted by Anarkali, the beautiful court dancer who was buried alive by Emperor Akbar, for her love affair with Prince Salim (Akbar’s son and the future Emperor Jahangir). But is the story fact or #fiction? The truth will surprise you! 1/11 Image
This tragic love story has many modern retellings, including the 1960s classic Hindi film Mughal-e-Azam. But if Anarkali is just #folklore, whose grave lies in the magnificent ‘Tomb of Anarkali’ in the heart of #Lahore, the former Mughal capital? 2/11 Image
The grave bears the couplet in #Persian: ‘Ah! If I could behold the face of my beloved once more, I would thank God until the day of resurrection’. It is signed by ‘Majnun Salim Akbar’ ('Enamoured Son of Akbar'). It’s the only clue we have. 3/11
Read 12 tweets
I teach a course on #Pakistani #Literature at @binghamtonu. This time around I started every class with playing a song on @YouTube.

This served various pedagogical purposes and also helped latecomers 😂

Here's the list of songs we listened to this semester
1. #Punjabi folk + West coast rap

Kandyaari-ae haey tere do nain...
Chakwal Group and @iambohemia @cokestudio
2. #Punjabi Tappe by one of the most beautiful Punjabi couples: Veena and Anant @anantkiveena

When it comes to tappe, national borders don't mean shit
Read 27 tweets
Starting a 'Historical places to visit in India' thread! 😊❤️
Buland Darwaza (Door of victory) at Fatehpur Sikri, UP, India. Built by Emperor Akbar in 1601 to commemorate his victory over Gujarat #india #historicalplaces #BulandDarwaza #sightseeing #Akbar Image
Taj Mahal, Agra, India. Built by Emperor Shah Jahan for his late wife Mumtaz Mahal in 1632. ❤️😊 It took around 22 years to build this magnificent structure. Made of white marble. #TajMahal #Agra #India #ShahJahan #MumtazMahal #historicalplaces Image
Agra Fort, Agra, India 😍 Built by Emperor Akbar in 1565. Fun fact- it is built entirely of red sandstone.😊 #Agra #AgraFort #India #UNESCO #historicalplaces Image
Read 13 tweets
#Nowruz in History!
Nowruz Which is known as #Persian New Year means “new day”, is a holiday marking the arrival of spring and the first day of the year in #Iran as the victory of spring over darkness whose solar calendar begins with the vernal equinox.#Iran
For 3000+ years, 300+ million people of #Persian cultures around the world, celebrate 13 days of #Nowruz – marking the beginning of the new year.
A time of hope, renewal & new beginnings, it embodies the values of compassion, peace & acceptance.
#NowruzMubarak #Iran
Iranians in #Nowruz set up tables covered with seven symbolic items they call haft-seen.
Haft means “seven” and “seen” is “s” in Farsi, and all of the items start with the letter "S".
#NowruzMubarak #Nowruz #Iran
Read 5 tweets

After the 1979 Revolution & while in exile in Panama, the Shah of #Iran spoke with David Frost on January 17, 1980

Unknown then was that this would be the Shah’s final interview

He passed 6 months later

For the first time, I have clipped & captioned it all below


Shah #Iran:

“When I committed…the mistake of changing the Amouzegar government & precipitate the liberalization program, I wanted to create…a coalition to form a national government representing all shades especially the opposition…I tried very hard…but [to no avail]”

DF: [Did Sharif-Emami initially do the right things or not?]

Shah #Iran:


It was surrendering on all fronts to everyone: opening…jails&giving freedom to all [while declaring] martial law

It was a mockery. We had officially…martial law but…not [in] practice”
Read 61 tweets
Our newest release is coming your way next week!! Over the next few days I'm going to tell you all about the beer, the story behind it and why it's so symbolic. Let's start here. What is Nowruz? It's the #Persian New Year! #Nowruz falls on the first day of Spring (March 20th) 1/3 Image
It's the largest celebration and the traditions extend for several weeks. More than 300M people celebrate #Norwuz - including select populations from #Afghanistan, #Iraq, #Albania, #Uzbekistan, #Azerbaijan, #India, #Kazakstan, #Pakistan, #Turkey & #Turkmenistan (among others) 2/3
The word "#Nowruz" translates to "New Day", as it marks a celebration of new beginnings. so it only made sense to name our beer NEW DAY IPA. That's it for now! If you got to this point, thanks for reading. Any questions, comment below! 3/3 Image
Read 3 tweets
#Singapore, #Japan, and #Taiwan joining the Western effort to sanction #Russia for the assault on #Ukraine…
Details on the #NATO (re)deployments to cope with the fallout from #Russia's invasion of #Ukraine
Details on #Ukraine's reservist mobilisation: far from complete (since that would require martial law), but still of a scale that it will take weeks to complete ... and the assault on the capital is days away at most
Read 1402 tweets
Made a mess of these threads. Integrating them here
#Ukraine's President Zelensky said a few hours ago he is still going to Germany tomorrow for the Munich Security Conference. Whether this is supposed to promote calm or what is unclear; it's a hell of a time for him to leave his capital.
President #Biden just said in his White House address that the US believes the #Russians will invade #Ukraine in the next few days and "they will target Ukraine's capital, Kiev". Image
Read 1414 tweets
Now Out in Paperback! “#China Goes to #Sea: #Maritime Transformation in Comparative Historical Perspective”…

@NavalWarCollege @ChinaMaritime is proud to publish this new version w/ @NavalInstitute @USNIBooks!

Come for the #maps, stay for the #history...
Honored to have #JonathanSpence’s endorsement:

“The maritime #history of #China has long been a neglected field..China Goes to Sea bring[s] that knowledge-gap to an end..will be an indispensable companion to those readers seeking to understand where China’s navy may be heading.”
As European #naval powers & even the @USNavy struggle with ship numbers, #China has gone to #sea.

Represents the reversal of a great historical trend that began 600 years ago, when China withdrew from the seas & European naval expansion spread Western influence around the globe.
Read 34 tweets
It's time for #Baking : #Desserts, Jams & Snacks in Ancient #Iran ! (Thread)

I previously wrote about Cooking in ancient Iran:


Let's talk about baking now!
My process for these threads was to compare multiple Persian, English, Arabic translations of Khosrow & Ridak, & compare them with Middle Persian text + 10th C cookbook (Annals of the Caliphs’ Kitchens)

I should again mention #rice was not prepared like today in Iran ...
To be eaten with stews... But it was used in some other ways. Rice was nonetheless not what non-royals could afford to eat, even until a couple of centuries ago.Today and in the past, rice is used in some desserts ...
Read 29 tweets
از پست های خوب فیسبوکی ام، به اشتراک گذاری پستی در سال 2016 است
خوبست مطلب را رشته توییت کنم.

گزارشی مجله معتبر #کالچر :
#پارسی در میان ۱۰ زبان ماندگار باستانی
The 10 Oldest Languages Still Spoken In The World Today
نشریه معتبر کالچر مقاله ای درباره برخی #زبان های باستانی دنیا Image
و تعداد گویِشوَران آن منتشر کرده است که #ایران را نیز جزو 10 زبان باستانی زنده و پویا می داند که تا امروز به آن تلکم می شود.
در بخش هایی از مقاله گفته شده که «غیرممکن است که بگوییم زبانی از زبان دیگر قدیمی‌تر است چون همه آن‌ها به اندازه خود بشر قدمت دارند. با گفته شدن این مورد، هر یک از زبان‌هایی که در زیر به آن‌ها اشاره شده چیزی خاص دارند – چیزی باستانی – که آن‌ها را از بقیه متمایز می‌کند.»
Read 13 tweets
A little late for #AncientSiteSunday, but here is a thread on the incredible Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion! 🏛️

(1/5) Located at Cape Sounion on the Attic peninsula, this ancient Greek temple holds a commanding view of the Aegean sea.

#Classics #Greece #Archaeology #Athens
(2/5) Originally, an Archaic-period temple sat on the site. Made of tufa, it was destroyed c. 480 BCE during the #Persian invasion of Greece. Despite being destroyed, the Athenians placed a captured Persian trireme on its ruins following the allied Greek victory in 479.
(3/5) The surviving temple was constructed between 444 - 440 BCE, and serves as one of the major monuments of the Athenian golden age.

Later described by Strabo as a "noteworthy settlement", it remained a significant cult centre into the #Roman imperial period.
Read 7 tweets
Role of #Hindu Poets in the Evolution of #Urdu #Poetry by Ganpat Sahay Srivastav…
Published in 1929 #Allahabad #UP , #India

@mazdaki @barbarikon @microMAF
متعصب تنگ نظر مسلمان شعراء ، سرسید ، جسٹس امیر علی ، مودودی ، اشرف علی تھانوی نے #اردو زبان کو اسلامی قرار دیا تھا بغیر کسی دلیل کے جبکہ زبان کا کوئی مذہب نہیں ہوتا کتاب پڑھیے “ اردو شاعری کے ارتقاء میں #ہندو شعراء کا حصہ از گنپت سہائے سریواستو | @FShirin…
اردو شاعری کے ارتقاء میں #ہندو شعراء کا حصہ از گنپت سہائے سریواستو…
مطبوعہ : الہ آباد ، ہندوستان ۱۹۶۹

#شاعری #ادب #اردو #صلح_کل

@yusufpore @husainhaqqani @Saimi29 @zarqajaved @ShakirAnsari123
Read 5 tweets
Do you know the story of #coffee?

Sure you get it from Starbucks or grind it at home but its story was not as simple as farm to pot

The story involves dancing goats, Fatwa, babtization, kings, revolutions, patriotism, Beethoven

Coffee has a rich & troubling history

☕️ Thread
1/ 1st, the legend:

Legend has it that an #Ethiopian goat herder named Kaldi witnessed his goats gamboling after eating coffee shrub’s red fruit. Perplexed, Kaldi tried the fruit himself and realized the same effect on him. A monk witnessed it & took some of the fruit with him.
2/ Now, the history:

The coffee plant and fruit has been used for 1000s of years but it wasn’t until the 13 century when the beans were roasted, which sky rocketed its popularity. Coffee originated in Ethiopia but it was across the Red Sea, in #Yemen, it was first cultivated.
Read 17 tweets
Hello #twitterstorians! Sorry about the break for the last two days. There were...uh...technical difficulties...
But we're back! In this thread, I, @StevenMVose, want to give a brief #history of the #Delhi Sultanate and share some facts and recent scholarly takes that may complicate the #narrative of the Sultanate, and of #Islam in So. Asia, that I alluded to in the previous thread. Qubbat al-Islam Mosque, Del...
I will also highlight some #Jain interactions with the Sultans, which suggest a complex set of interactions between #Indian religious communities and the emerging #Islamicate "state" in the late 13th and early 14th c's. CE
Read 26 tweets
-#China's Belt and Road Initiative is always bad news for locals
-139 countries are part of BRI because local leaders due to personal greed have disregarded #NationalSecurity
-#Cambodia’s Lower Sesan 2 dam & #Guinea’s Souapiti Dam have resulted in severe #HumanRightsViolations SCMP
-BRi isn't just enormous network of roads, railways, tunnels, dams, airports, ports, energy pipelines, power plants
-It comes bundled with digital glue of telecommunications networks, BeiDou Navigation Satellite System and above all search for food & minrals Fortune
-Iran is another nation which is fast replacing #Pakistan as core BRI country
-China has multiple large-scale BRI projects in #Iran with complete disregard for rights of locals
-Chinese fishing ships are creating havoc in leased out territorial waters of #Persian Gulf
@KlasraRauf France24
Read 6 tweets
1/2 What’s happening in Panjshir is reminiscent of carnage carried out by TlPU in Northern Kerala when 10-11 yr old boys wr decap!tated.
Today North Kerala produces #lSlS recruits.

Trivia: #Panjshir ws PANCH-SHER ( 5 lions), named after 5 brothers.
Like Kandahar ws GANDHAR!
2/2 There’s also a famous story of PANJSHIR KE JOGI— apparently a stone. Story goes that a Jogi converted himself into a stone here. Another famous story frm Afg is of the #Asamai Temple, (named after Asha Devi) where the AKHAND jyoti (FIRE) has been burning since 4000 years.
Note: Local legend says Panjshir ws named after 5 brothers who built a dam for Ghazni in 11th century AD. I doubt it though! Ghazni massacred people in Afg and continued to do it till he reached India. Somnath Temple is an example of how brutal this man cld hv bn.
Read 5 tweets
#InternationalChessDay 2021: History, Theme, Motto, Key Facts & Significance:
#chess is #strategic #boardgame in which 2 players compete to capture other's king on 64-square checkerboard. One of oldest games in world "Chess".
#Thread #WorldChessDay #chessday @vishy64theking Image
To honor foundation of Federation Internationale des Eches/ International Chess Federation (FIDES @FIDE_chess) created in 1924. Popular activity among adults and children alike.
Created in India around fifth century. Given name “Chaturanga" at first. Without doubt, one of era’s..
Earliest games. Later, moved to #Persian, and when #Arabs invaded #Persians, became important part of #Muslim population’s existence, and spread to Southern #Europe from there. Took on modern shape in Europe during 15th century. By late 15th century, evolved into #Contemporary..
Read 17 tweets
At my talk earlier today on the Doha Ramayana, there were some questions we didn't have time to answer. So, a #THREAD of Q and A here.

Image is the opening page of this magnificent manuscript, now at the Museum of Islamic Art in Doha, Qatar. #Ramayana #Mughal #Persian Image
Q: Is there any evidence of struggle in translation from Sanskrit into Farsi. Are there cases when they couldn't find equivalents so used the Sanskrit words in Farsi?
A: There are lots of Sanskrit terms retained and transliterated in the Akbari Ramayan, including the Doha manuscript.

Usually, I think it was an aesthetic choice, to retain something of the flavor of the original (mediated through vernacular Hindi pronunciation).
Read 13 tweets
None of #Plato dialogues were fully translated into Arabic or Persian in the classical period - and on that we have ‘Abd al-Rahman Badawi’s classic study - a short thread on #Persian translation 1/
The lives of the two modern #Persian translators of #Plato can be rather instructive on the nature of modern #iranian intellectual history 2/
The first of these was Mahmud Sana’i (1918-1985) who attended Alborz College, later studying philosophy and literature at Tehran University and then doing a PhD in psychology in #London 3/
Read 18 tweets

In 1975, Mohammad Reza Shah #Pahlavi The Great gave this interview to Canada’s CBC

According to the CBC’s own description of the interview,

“The Shah contends that the West built itself at #Iran’s expense and he is now putting things right”



“You can’t keep on the way you were doing because the old way was a little exaggerated”


Do you think our inflation in the Western world is our own fault?


“Not mine anyway because it started well before we increased the price of oil”


“You’ve built your progress & your affluence at our expense”

“So you can’t say that we increased the price of oil all of a sudden because for 20 & some odd years, maybe 24 years, we have just been terribly exploited in a very mean way”

#Iran’s Mohammad Reza Shah #Pahlavi
Read 20 tweets
Ancient Site of the Week - The Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion 🏛️🔱

(1/5) Located at Cape Sounion on the Attic peninsula, the ancient Greek Temple of Poseidon presides over a commanding view of the Aegean sea.

#Classics #AncientGreece #Archaeology #Athens Image
(2/5) Originally, an Archaic-period temple sat on the site. Made of tufa, it was destroyed c. 480 BCE during the #Persian invasion of Greece. Despite being destroyed, the Athenians placed a captured Persian trireme on its ruins following the allied Greek victory in 479 BCE. ImageImage
(3/5) Today, the surviving temple was constructed between 444 - 440 BCE, and serves as one of the major monuments of the Athenian golden age. Later described by Strabo as a "noteworthy settlement", it remained a significant cult centre into the #Roman imperial period. ImageImage
Read 6 tweets
1) Let’s talk about #Nakhichevan - a lost homeland. ImageImageImageImage
2) The the name "Nakhichevan" in #Armenian literally means "the place of first descent", a Biblical reference to the descent of Noah's Ark on the adjacent Mount #Ararat. Armenian tradition says that Nakhichevan was founded by Noah. Image
3) The region was at the center of the ancient Kingdom of #Armenia (858 BC-428 CE). During the invasion by Sassanid #Persian Shah Shapur II (r. 309-379) he removed 2,000 Armenian and 16,000 #Jewish families from #Nakhichevan (360-370 CE). ImageImage
Read 63 tweets

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