Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #crusade

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Good morning! It's @tlecaque, starting my takeover for the week with some #medieval southern France leading up to the First #Crusade. I want to take today to lay out some differences between southern Francia (s. of the Loire, w. of Alps, n. of Pyrenees) and northern Francia. 1/
The 1st difference is language--the south is the land of the langue d'oc (from whence we get Languedoc), as opposed to the langue d'oil, which becomes modern French. Our oldest surviving texts in it are 11th c., this is a 1st half of 12th c. Gospel translation: 2/ Text page of a passage from John’s gospel in Old Occitan, Harley MS 2928, f. 190r:
The First Crusade leader from southern France, Raymond of Saint-Gilles, uses Old Occitan in at least one charter (…) as does his older brother, William IV, count of Toulouse (…), so it's used for business and official documents. 3/ Paris, AN J 239 no. 22, oldest charter in Occitan in the ARchives Nationales
Read 11 tweets
Ah, the #EuropeanParliamentElection knocks at the door! Let’s see who is #campaigning for what…In #Italy, a #rightwingcoalition calls for a #guaranteedincome, #largerpensions, and resistance to the heavy-handed #austerityprograms enforced by the #EuropeanUnion.
In #France, some #rightwinggroups champion #fight against #climatechange, decry #exploitation of #foreignworkers, growing #economicinequality. What about the #centerright and #centerleft parties? #Polls show they will lose their #majority, and the Euroskeptics bag 30+% of seats.
However, #Euroskeptic, like #populist, is a term that obscures more than it reveals. #Spain’s leftist #Podemos isn’t likely to break bread with #Italy’s rightist #NorthernLeague-#M5S, but both are considered #Euroskeptic. Some are really #wolves but wear #sheepskins.
Read 18 tweets

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