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A previous thread explained the differences between a football club’s profit and loss account and its cash flow statement, as it is important to understand where the money has been spent. This thread will look at how this works for each of the 20 Premier League clubs in 2017/18.
#AFC went from £52m operating profit to £42m operating loss, due to lower revenue after failing to qualify for the Champions League, compounded by higher wages and player amortisation plus Wenger pay-off. However, £120m profit on player sales resulted in £70m profit before tax.
#AFC cash flow boosted by favourable £58m movement in working capital (increase in creditors). Spent £29m (net) on players (purchases £110m, sales £81m). Paid £20m for Emirates loan (£11m interest & £9m debt) plus £12m tax. Net cash inflow of £51m was highest in Premier League.
Read 42 tweets
One of the questions most frequently asked by football fans is “Where’s all the money gone?” The answer is only partly found in a club’s profit and loss account, so we need to also look at the cash flow statement to get the full picture. Some thoughts in the following thread.
A club’s profit and loss account is easy to understand, as it is basically revenue less expenses (mainly player wages), but this is an accounting profit based on the accruals concept, which can be very different from actual cash movements.
This is important, as the main reason that football clubs fail is cash flow problems. It does not matter how large your revenue is (or your profits are), if you do not have the cash to pay your players, suppliers or indeed the taxman, then you will find yourself in trouble.
Read 39 tweets
We get every Premier League player to sit down on camera and say how they want their name pronounced - and there’s LOADS I did wrong. So here’s a thread so you don’t make the same mistakes I did!
First of all - Norwich City’s Teemu Pukki. His first name is actually pronounced ‘TAY-mu’ #ncfc
How about Chelsea’s #USMNT star Christian Pulisic? His surname is ‘puh-LISS-ick’, no Eastern European style ‘itch’ on the end #CFC
Read 11 tweets
There is much talk about the so-called “Big Six” pulling away from the rest of the Premier League financially, but is this actually true? This thread looks at this question from the perspective of revenue, wages and total player costs #AFC #CFC #LFC #MCFC #MUFC #THFC
For the purpose of this analysis, we will take the 7th highest club in terms of revenue and wages for each season between 2010 and 2018. This means that the 7th placed club is not always the same. For example, for the last 4 seasons’ revenue this was #EFC, #LCFC, #WHUFC & #NUFC.
The highest revenue in the 2018 Premier League was #MUFC £590m, followed by #MCFC £503m, #LFC £455m, #CFC £448m, #AFC £389m, #THFC £379m and #EFC £189m. The highest growth since 2010 came at #MCFC with £378m (or 300%).
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Football is finally back. Premier League Predictions thread: #PL
20. Steve Bruce is just such an underwhelming appointment. ASM and Joelinton have a lot of potential but relying on them this early in their PL careers seems a risk. If Newcastle do stay up, I have a feeling they’ll get Arab owners soon. The fans would deserve it. #NUFC
19 Crystal Palace. Without Batshuayi and AWB a gaping hole in the team has been left. Relying on a Ayew and Camarasa (he’s decent) isn’t the brightest decision. What kind of mood will Zaha be in? This and Hodgsons experience may be the last hope for Palace. #CPFC
Read 22 tweets
In preparation for the upcoming 2018/19 Premier League season, I thought that it might be interesting to look at the transfer spend over the last decade, including the growing impact on debt. The analysis is split between 3 periods: last 3 years, last 5 years and last 10 years.
The transfer fees spend is taken from the clubs’ cash flow statements, as this is the only completely accurate source of data. However, it is worth noting that this does not always represent the full cost of transfers, due to the (increasing) use of stage payments.
In the very few cases where a cash flow statement was not available, e.g. if a club only published abbreviated accounts while they were in lower leagues, I have taken data for those years from the Transfermarkt website.
Read 24 tweets
Sunderland’s 2017/18 financial results covered a second successive relegation. Having finished bottom of the Premier League in 2016/17, they repeated this feat in the Championship to drop into League One. Some thoughts in the following thread #SAFC
This was the last season under former owner Ellis Short before Stewart Donald bought the club in May 2018. Since then, the financial picture at #SAFC has greatly changed, but it is still instructive to look at these financials to understand the reasons for their fall from grace.
Following relegation #SAFC loss almost doubled from £10.2m to £19.9m, as revenue basically halved from £123.5m to £63.7m and profit on player sales fell £26.5m to £6.6m. Offset by once-offs: £8.2m profit on sale of Charlie Hurley Centre; no repeat of 16/17 £9.7m Alvarez payment.
Read 45 tweets
After Saturday’s final, the estimates for this season’s Champions League revenue for Liverpool and Tottenham Hotspur can be updated. We can also look at the incredible amounts of TV income earned by English clubs in 2018/19. Some analysis in the following thread #LFC #THFC
#LFC earned an additional €4m for winning the competition (for the sixth time), bringing their total to €111m (£98m), while #THFC remain at €102m (£90m). As a reminder, #MUFC and #MCFC received €93m (£83m) and €93m (82m) respectively.
#LFC 2018/19 Champions League revenue of €111m (£98m) is €30m (£26m) higher than €81m (£72m) they earned in 2017/18, having won the trophy against “only” reaching the final. It includes: participation €15.3m, prize money €60.0m, UEFA coefficient €23.3m & TV pool €12.7m.
Read 16 tweets
After last night’s Europa League final, the estimates for this season’s Europa League revenue for Arsenal and Chelsea can be updated #CFC earned an additional €4m for winning the competition, bringing their total to €44m (£39m), while #AFC remain at €36m (£32m).
However, #CFC 2018/19 Europa League revenue of €44m (£39m) is €21m (£19m) lower than the €65m (£58m) they earned in the 2017/18 Champions League. It includes: participation €2.9m, prize money €18.3m, UEFA coefficient €3.4m & TV pool €19.1m.
Despite reaching the final, #AFC 2018/19 revenue of €36m (£32m) is €2m (£1m) lower than the €38m (£33m) they earned for getting to the semi-final in 2017/18. It includes: participation €2.9m, prize money €14.3m, UEFA coefficient €3.4m and TV pool €15.6m.
Read 9 tweets
Last week I estimated how much English clubs would earn from the 2018/19 Champions League. Today I take a look at this season’s Europa League revenue for Arsenal and Chelsea #AFC #CFC
Although total Europa League revenue has significantly increased (by 40%) in 2018/19, two points are worth noting: (a) this is lower than the 54% Champions League increase; (b) the impact of the new UEFA coefficient (though only 15% of total distribution, compared to 30% in CL).
As a result, both #AFC and #CFC are estimated to earn less than last year. #CFC is obvious, as they were in the Champions League in 2017/18, but #AFC is due to the impact of UEFA coefficient & TV pool. As it stands (prior year in brackets):

#AFC €36m (€38m)
#CFC €40m (€65m)
Read 16 tweets
Newcastle United’s 2017/18 financial results reflect their promotion after a single season in the Championship. Managing director Lee Charnley said, “A 10th placed finish in our first season back in the Premier League was a fantastic achievement.” Some thoughts follow #nufc
#NUFC promotion brought the club back to “a healthy financial position”, moving from £47m loss before tax to £23m profit, as revenue more than doubled from £86m to a record £178m and no repeat of prior year £32m exceptional costs: £10m promotion bonus & £22m onerous contracts.
#NUFC £93m revenue growth very largely driven by broadcasting’s £79m increase to £126m, reflecting vastly higher TV money in the Premier League, while commercial also increased £13m (90%) to £28m, but match day flat at £24m. However, profit on player sales dropped £39m to £4m.
Read 48 tweets
Crystal Palace’s 2017/18 financial results covered their 5th consecutive season in the Premier League, when they finished “in a very creditable” 11th place. Roy Hodgson replaced Frank De Boer as manager in September 2017. Some thoughts in the following thread #CPFC
#CPFC posted a £35.5m loss before tax, compared to an £11.8m profit the prior year, mainly due to profit on player sales falling £32m to just £2m, though revenue grew £7.6m (5%) from £142.7m to a club record £150.3m. Loss after tax was £33.4m, thanks to a £2.1m tax credit.
#CPFC £8m revenue growth was very largely driven by broadcasting’s £4m (4%) increase from £117m to £121m, mainly due to increased prize money for finishing 11th, while commercial also increased £3.1m (21%) from £15.2m to £18.3m and match day was up £0.3m (2%) to £10.9m.
Read 38 tweets
Tottenham Hotspur’s 2017/18 financial results covered a season when they finished 3rd in the Premier League and reached the last 16 of the Champions League and the FA Cup semi-finals. Home games played at Wembley, while new stadium was being developed. Some thoughts follow #THFC
#THFC profit before tax improved by £87m from £52m to £139m, as revenue rose by £71m (23%) to £381m and profit on player sales was up £33m to £73m. New club records for both revenue and profit. Profit after tax “only” increased by £77m from £36m to £113m.
All three #THFC revenue streams increased: commercial rose £33m (43%) from £76m to £109m; match day was up £26m (57%) from £45m to £71m, due to the larger capacity at Wembley; while broadcasting was £13m (7%) higher at £201m, due to advancing further in the Champions League.
Read 47 tweets
Southampton’s 2017/18 financial results covered a season when they finished 17th in the Premier League and reached the FA Cup semi-finals, much worse than previous season (8th place in PL, competed in the Europa League and got to the EFL Cup final). Some thoughts follow #SaintsFC
Although #SaintsFC directors described the season as “disappointing”, they were “pleased to report another year of positive financial performance.” This was the first season under the ownership of Lander Sports (UK), controlled by Chinese businessman Jisheng Gao.
#SaintsFC pre-tax profit fell from £42m to £35m, as revenue dropped 16% (£30m) to £153m, due to the poor performance on the pitch, though this was largely offset by profit on player sales increasing by £27m to £69m. Profit after tax was down from £34m to £29m.
Read 38 tweets
Leicester City’s 2017/18 financial results covered a season when they finished 9th in the Premier League and reached the quarter-finals in both domestic cups. Claude Puel replaced Craig Shakespeare as manager in October. Some thoughts in the following thread #LCFC
#LCFC profit before tax significantly decreased from a record £92m to £2m (profit after tax down from £80m to £1m), as revenue fell by around a third (£74m) from £233m to £159m, because there was no repeat of the unprecedented 2016/17 Champions League participation.
The #LCFC revenue decline was driven by broadcasting income’s £67m (35%) decrease to £124m, mainly due to £70m from the Champions League in the prior season. For much the same reason, gate receipts fell £4m (22%) to £13m, while commercial income was also £4m (15%) lower at £22m.
Read 39 tweets
Liverpool’s 2017/18 financial results covered a season when they finished 4th in the Premier League and returned to European competition with a bang by reaching the Champions League final, where they were defeated by Real Madrid. Some thoughts in the following thread #LFC
#LFC profit before tax increased from £40m to £125m, as profit on player sales surged £86m to £124m and the impressive Champions League run helped drive revenue up £91m (25%) to a record £455m. Profit after tax improved from £39m to £106m.
All three #LFC revenue streams increased: broadcasting was a substantial £66m (43%) higher at £220m, due to Champions League participation; match day climbed £7m (10%) to £81m, while commercial rose £18m (13%) to £154m, also largely linked to European success.
Read 47 tweets
Huddersfield Town banter season - a thread:

#htafc
Pre season, changing the badge on our kits from our club badge to this monstrosity... #htafc
Having our pitch ruined by @LittleMix which wasn’t fixed before our first Premier League game of the season v Chelsea #htafc
Read 18 tweets
Deloitte have published the 22nd edition of their annual Football Money League, which ranks the world’s leading football clubs by revenue, this time covering the 2017/18 season. Some thoughts in the following thread.
Real Madrid £665m reclaimed top spot, while Barcelona £612m made it a Spanish “one-two” – the first clubs to break the £600m barrier. #MUFC £590m fell to 3rd, having been 1st last year. Bayern Munich £557m and #MCFC £503m retained 4th & 5th places, while PSG £480m were up to 6th.
There are no fewer than six English clubs in the top ten, including #LFC £455m, #CFC £448m, #AFC £389m and #THFC £379m (overtaking Juventus). Roma, Milan and #NUFC were new entrants to the top 20, replacing #LCFC, #SaintsFC and Napoli.
Read 31 tweets
Arsenal’s 2017/18 financial results covered a season when they finished 6th in the Premier League, while reaching the Europa League semi-finals. Manager Arsène Wenger was replaced by Unai Emery, while Stan Kroenke took full ownership. Some thoughts in the following thread #AFC
#AFC profit before tax increased from £45m to £70m, despite revenue falling £35m (8%) to £388m, mainly due to participating in Europa League rather than more lucrative Champions League, as profit on player sales surged £113m to £120m. Profit after tax improved from £35m to £57m.
All #AFC revenue streams decreased: broadcasting was £19m (9%) lower at £180m, mainly due to lower Europa League distributions; commercial dropped £10m (9%) to £107m; match day declined £1m (1%) to £99m; while player loans fell £5m to £2m.
Read 47 tweets
Following my recent analyses of where Premier League and Championship clubs source their money and what they spend it on, I received many questions on how a cash flow statement works, so I will explain the mechanics (using Premier League season 2016/17) in the following thread.
Traditionally, supporters have focused on a club’s profit and loss account, which is not surprising, because: (a) that is what the media tend to report; (b) it is intuitively easy to understand, being basically revenue less expenses (mainly player wages).
Nevertheless, the reported figure is an accounting profit, which is not necessarily a “real” cash profit, as it is based on the accountant’s accruals concept and this can be very different from actual cash movements.
Read 43 tweets
Chelsea’s 2017/18 financial results covered a season when they finished 5th in the Premier League, thus qualifying for the Europa League, and defeated #MUFC to win the FA Cup. Manager Antonio Conte replaced by Maurizio Sarri in July. Some thoughts in the following thread #CFC
#CFC profit before tax increased from £16m to £67m, as revenue rose by £82m (23%) to a record £433m, primarily due to the club’s return to European competition, and profit on player sales was up £44m to £113m. Profit after tax improved from £15m to £62m.
All #CFC revenue streams increased: broadcasting was £42m (26%) higher at £204m, due to Champions League; match day climbed £8m (13%) to £74m, largely for the same reason; while commercial rose £32m (24%) to £165m, mainly from the new Nike kit deal.
Read 43 tweets
“Revenue is vanity, profit is sanity, but cash is king.” I thought it might be interesting to look at where Premier League clubs source their money and what they spend it on by reviewing the clubs’ cash flow statements over the last decade. Some thoughts in the following thread.
In the 10 years between 2008 and 2017 Premier League clubs had over £8 bln of available cash with more than half (£4.3 bln) generated from their own operating activities and a further £3.4 bln from their owners (loans £1.8 bln and shares £1.6 bln) plus £0.3 bln external loans.
54% of cash came from operations (revenue less expenses +/- movements in working capital) with another 42% from owner financing and 3% from external loans. There was no need for any of the PL clubs to generate cash via (net) player sales or indeed dip into existing cash balances.
Read 20 tweets
West Ham’s 2017/18 financial results covered their second season at the new London Stadium, which the club described as “difficult”, despite finishing a “satisfactory” 13th in the Premier League, as managers Slaven Bilic and David Moyes both left. Some thoughts follow #WHUFC
#WHUFC profit before tax reduced by £25m from £43m to £18m, as revenue fell by £8m (4%) to £175m, though profit on player sales was up £2m to £30m. Despite the revenue decline, wages increased by £12m (12%) to £107m, but player amortisation dropped £4m (10%) to £41m.
All #WHUFC revenue streams decreased: match receipts were £4.1m (14%) lower at £24.5m, due to no Europa League; while commercial fell £3m (9%) to £32m, mainly due to one-offs in the previous year; and broadcasting was slightly lower at £119m, due to lower Premier League place.
Read 39 tweets
Everton’s 2017/18 financial results covered a season when they finished 8th in the Premier League and competed in the Europa League, but also saw the sacking of two managers: Ronald Koeman and Sam Allardyce. Majority owner Farhad Moshiri has provided around £250m of funding #EFC
#EFC went from a profit of £31m to a loss of £13m, a £44m deterioration, despite revenue growing by 10% (£18m) to a record £189m and profit on player sales up £36m to £88m, due to a huge increase (£70m) in player costs (wages & player amortisation) and £34m of exceptional items.
All #EFC revenue streams rose: broadcasting was up £12m (9%) to £142m; commercial up £4m (14%) to £31m; and gate receipts up £2m (16%) to £16m. Note that I have reclassified Europa League money from Other Commercial to Broadcasting to be consistent with other clubs.
Read 41 tweets

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